Prostatitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Prostatitis - an inflammation of the prostate gland in men.In turn, the prostate gland or prostate - a glandular-muscular organ in men, which is located near the bladder and urinary control, as well as providing a special secret that gives the semen a liquid state.According to its origin prostatitis is divided into bacterial and non-bacterial, and the flow - acute and chronic.
Causes of prostatitis
Naturally, the immediate cause of bacterial prostatitis and is an infectious pathogen.In its role are the ones most often pathological agents that reside on human skin or in the digestive tract, and may cause prostate (in particular, the same E. coli) under certain reasons.
As for these very specific reasons, then they can act as delayed emptying of the bladder, a violation of the frequency of sexual activity, sedentary lifestyle, chronic hypothermia, bad habits and associated diseases of the genitourinary system.All of these factors or facilitate microbial penetration path into the prosta
When during prostatitis from the human body can not identify infectious agent, talk about the form of non-bacterial prostatitis .There are many theories to explain the causes of this disease, but none of them proved not enough.For example, some of the scholars are of the opinion that such a form of the disease can cause neurodegenerative disorders, while another cohort of doctors insists on immune genesis of this problem.In addition, there are other, less popular theory.
Symptoms of prostatitis
When acute prostatitis to the fore common symptoms, which manifests itself by general weakness, malaise, headache and fever.In addition, they are sufficiently bright and pains in the perineum, are given in the inguinal region.They intensified during the act of urination and defecation.It may also be violated urine stream, until the complete disappearance of diuresis.Patients with prostatitis feel a frequent urge to urinate, during which time they can not completely empty your bladder.
prostate for prostate pinches the urethra
As chronic prostatitis , it flows generally asymptomatic or against the background of a minor local symptoms.Thus, the patient can be confusing for minor pain in the perineum, which intensified during urination.However, there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder that develops against the background of frequent urges.Men begin to experience discomfort during sexual intercourse, resulting in decreased libido.
Since one of the causes of prostatitis is pyelonephritis, it may be bright enough to accompany the last symptoms.Thus, if a man concerned about the pain, it certainly is necessary to examine the prostate gland.
Quite often, especially in older men, patients ignore symptoms of prostatitis, trusting in the presence of benign prostatic hyperplasia.It is in any case can not be done, because the treatment of adenoma is fundamentally different from the treatment of prostatitis.Thus, if you notice at least one of these symptoms, you should consult a urologist immediately.
diagnosis of prostatitis
Typically, diagnosis of acute prostatitis is not much difficulty and even during the finger through the rectum examination the doctor can make a correct diagnosis.To confirm it performed complete blood count, general urinalysis and culture of prostate secretion in the culture medium.It was during the latter and can not determine whether the cause was the infectious agent or not prostate inflammation.It is very important to choose the right tactics treatment.
With regard to instrumental methods, it is very often used ultrasound of the prostate through the rectum.Often, during such a procedure is possible to determine not only the presence of the disease, but also to find its form.
transrectal ultrasound of the prostate
There staging techniques prostatitis diagnosis based on CT, but they are justified only in those countries where there is medical insurance.We have the same similar procedures are used very rarely.
Treatment of prostatitis
Prostate Health provides a complete intimate life of men.It is therefore important to get rid of the disease as quickly as possible.In the treatment of prostatitis Likoprofit used that contains lycopene - carotenoids, vitamins, and trace mineral plant extracts.The drug selectively accumulates in the prostate tissue, reduces inflammation phenomenon, enhances security functions to protect cells from free radicals and destruction process controls excessive growth of prostate tissues.Before the drug noted improvement in the quality of semen and increase the number of active forms of sperm, as well as improved anti-microbial effect.Due to the complex and balanced composition of the drug in the prostate occurs eliminate the difficulties associated with urination, easing pain.
Since the main cause of acute bacterial prostatitis is caused by bacteria, for its treatment is very widely used antibiotics.The drugs of choice are antibiotics of the fluoroquinolone group, as they are very well penetrate into the tissue of the prostate gland.A representative of this group of antimicrobials, such as ciprofloxacin.If the later stages of the disease are used injectable form of the drug, at the earliest you can do with oral.
As for chronic bacterial prostatitis, then his treatment is also used antibacterial therapy, only in combination with beta-blockers, which has a positive effect on the prostate secretory apparatus.
addition to primary treatment during prostatitis used and symptomatic during which appointed analgesic and antipyretic drugs in the required dosage to the patient.The latter include such medications as diclofenac, indomethacin, ibuprofen and other that can be purchased over the counter without a prescription.
In severe cases of prostatitis are appointed by the hormonal drugs that are issued strictly on prescription and administered to a patient only under the supervision of doctors in the hospital.As for the lighter forms of prostatitis, they can lead and outpatients.
Along with medication actively apply methods such as physical therapy, relaxation exercises, prostate massage and acupuncture.If all of these methods are inactive, then resorted to a radical fix the problem with the help of surgery to remove the prostate gland.
Feeding habits and lifestyle with prostatitis
during the acute period of prostatitis is recommended to exclude from the diet all the spicy dishes as they have a negative effect on the prostate secretory function and prolong the recovery period.
all patients with prostatitis encouraged to increase their lifestyles after the acute period of the disease.One of the prerequisites is the normalization of the sexual life, which is constantly protected sexual intercourse with the same partner.
rehabilitation after illness
After a course of antibiotic treatment is recommended in all patients to restore normal intestinal microflora, which can be done using special vitamin complexes, which are sold in virtually every pharmacy.At the same time actively applied to the affected area fizicholechenie -fizioterapiya ultrasound or electric shock.
treatment of prostatitis folk remedies
Despite the fact that some doctors in the treatment of prostatitis with the main drugs prescribed medicines based on herbs and folk treatments as monotherapy simply unacceptable.In the acute phase of the disease is necessary to adequate anti-bacterial treatment that can safely and quickly kill the causative agent.If at this time to use the diuretic herbs or other people's products, it will only exacerbate the problem and lead to complications.
The most dangerous complication of both acute and chronic prostatitis is urinary retention, which may develop on the background of muscle spasm of the prostate.While this is not urine from the bladder, and accumulate in it, can climb the urinary tract to the kidneys.This leads to pyelonephritis with subsequent renal dysfunction and hit toxins into the bloodstream.This condition is called Urosepsis and threatens patient deaths.To avoid this condition at an early stage, you must still deliver a urethral catheter, which will contribute to the normal outflow of urine from the bladder.
following complications of prostatitis is a decrease in libido that occurs on a background of urinary retention and constantly full bladder.If this condition lasts for a long time, the retention of sexual intercourse can be fixed functionally and a man at a young age can be impotence infertility.To this did not happen, it is very important at an early stage prostate seek medical advice urologist qualified assistance.
Prevention of prostatitis
Prostatitis is one of those diseases that are much easier to treat than profilaktirovat.To avoid this unpleasant disease, it is necessary to eliminate all the causes that can cause it.Firstly, you need to lead an active lifestyle and exercise.Very good exercise, aimed at the prevention of prostatitis is cycling, which stimulates prostate and improves blood flow to the latter.
To avoid hypothermia, you must wear warm clothes in winter and warm shoes, because that hypothermia feet comes first on the effect not the prostate.
An important is the fact that the sexual life, which upset very often becomes the cause of inflammation of the prostate.It is important to observe good personal hygiene during sexual intercourse and the use of personal protective equipment.Especially when it comes to sexual intercourse with a new partner.Regarding the latter, the experts in the art for the prevention of prostatitis and other diseases of the genitourinary system, it is recommended to engage in sex only with their regular partners.
A very important point is to eliminate the bacterial pathogen in prostatitis prevention.Since the latter often develops on the background of pyelonephritis, the adequate treatment of inflammatory kidney disease in itself is the prevention of prostatitis.
also need to take care of other pathways of infectious agent in humans.Very often this is not enough in setting a sterile urethral catheter.In addition, the need to exclude the presence of bacteria in the blood that may occur during chronic diseases such as sinusitis, cholecystitis and others.
Urologist Elders VY
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