Colds during pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Pregnancy And Childbirth

Colds - a disease caused by viruses (SARS, including influenza viruses) and provoked by hypothermia.Cold ill at any time, including during pregnancy.The peak incidence occurs in the cold season, winter and early spring.

protect yourself from colds during pregnancy is not so easy.The fact is that during pregnancy, even in completely healthy women reduced immunity, a so-called "immunosuppression", ie inhibition of the immune system and the body can not, as before, to defend themselves against the scourge of various viruses.Immunosuppression in pregnancy is not a pathology, as many believe, but the physiological norm.Nature specifically suppresses the immune system of the future mother, to prevent immune conflict between the fetus and the mother.

Thus, the main cause of the common cold during pregnancy - is a weakened immune system.Other precipitating factors that can cause the common cold include the following: contact with infectious patients, cold and wet weather, stress and allergies, smoking - both

active and passive.

Cold symptoms in pregnancy

First cold manifests itself in the form of lung ailments, headaches and fatigue.During the day the condition worsens.A cough, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, loss of appetite.Unlike influenza cold symptoms caused by other viral infections, it is less pronounced.The cough is usually mild and dry.The temperature does not rise above 38 degrees and in most cases remains normal.The active period of the disease lasts an average of 2-3 days, then cold symptoms gradually regress.

In a typical "not pregnant" state of cold does not require a doctor's advice, but if a woman is pregnant, then the advice of a doctor or therapist Laura is absolutely necessary to protect yourself and your baby from possible complications of viral infections.

diagnosis of fever (ARI) is placed on the basis of complaints of pregnant and inspection data - raids in the throat and on the tonsils, constant mucus and nose and so on.

Treatment of colds during pregnancy

For cold treatment during pregnancy should be treated with extreme caution!Most drugs are contraindicated during pregnancy because of the adverse effects on the fetus.Moreover, many of the tools of traditional medicine may have a harmful pohlesche any chemicals, so use any medications and herbs should be only after a doctor's prescription.

From drugs against the common cold to ease breathing is used vasoconstrictive drops (Naphthyzinum, Galozolin, Nazivin) once or twice a day, but no more!And you can apply a drop only in the acute stage of the disease with abundant discharge from the nose.If rhinitis is not much worried about the drops should not be used.The fact that everything vasoconstrictor droplets have a negative effect on placental blood flow and can lead to the development of the fetus or to delay its hypoxia.Especially not recommended to use a drop of up to 12 weeks of pregnancy, when the baby lays the vital organs.

When the pain in my throat topically applied antiseptics.You can gargle with a solution of chlorhexidine or furatsillina within 30 seconds.Usually, antiseptics quickly eliminate sore throat.In any case, should not be abused by them, and should no longer be used after the relief of pain.

When cold antipyretic drugs not prescribed, as is usually the temperature does not exceed 38 degrees.However, if the temperature exceeds the limit of tolerance (which is rare!), Or if the pregnancy is very poorly tolerate the temperature, then carefully administered antipyretics.Preference is given paracetamol.Most undesirable be used to reduce the temperature of aspirin because it can cause miscarriage.

In no event should not take antibiotics!Firstly, they are not necessary.Secondly, antibiotics can cause severe malformations in the fetus.

Today aggressively marketed for the treatment of colds homeopathic medicines and immunomodulators.With regard to homeopathic medications - their effectiveness to date, has not been proved.Immunomodulators are also not a panacea for the treatment of colds during pregnancy.Assign any particular drug can only physician-immunologist after the test.

In most cases, prolonged and complicated not because of lack of treatment, but because of poor lifestyle choices for the common cold.What is meant?

First cold on the feet can not be transferred.Ill pregnant woman needs rest, bed rest, at least the first 2-3 days, when the condition is especially severe.If you are working, it is better to stay at home until I finally feel good.

Secondly, drink plenty of fluids.If there is no swelling, the more you consume the liquid, the faster will recover.

is best suited for this purpose a warm (not hot!), Tea with lemon, honey, raspberry, chamomile and so on.The food is also better to consume in a warm liquid and vision broths and soups the best food for the sick prostudoy.V diet is necessary to include onions and garlic.

And thirdly, pregnant with a cold is to keep yourself warm.It is necessary to put on their feet warm socks and lie under a blanket.Do not overdo it with the thermal treatments - absolutely contraindicated lie in a warm bath with a cold, go to the bath or sauna.also can not put mustard.Permission is granted to make cold inhalation to relieve cough and cold.

Gargle is required.If sore throat slightly, to make better use of the rinse solution with chamomile, calendula, baking soda, and salt.

To combat the common cold is a good alternative vasoconstrictor drops drops are based on sea water, Aqua Maris.Very effective herbal ointment "Dr. Mom".Ointment lubricate the area around the nostrils of the nose and breathing quickly facilitated.If there are no allergic reactions, the ointment can be applied several times a day.

natural immune stimulator for the treatment of the common cold is hell.It has long been used in folk medicine.Horseradish is necessary to finely grate and mix with sugar.Leave for a day, drain and can be applied tincture every hour one tablespoon to relieve symptoms.

After three days of starting treatment of cold symptoms should withdraw in a week you need to recover.If it does not, you must re-apply to the doctor.

Thus, the main principle of treatment of colds during pregnancy - is to try to adhere to the above principles of treatment and less to take any medication drugs, because one way or another almost all medications have their own side effects and affect the fetus.

complications of the common cold:

- abortions;
- fetal malformations;
- Fetal growth retardation;
- in the absence of proper treatment for the expectant mother may develop sore throat, otitis media, sinusitis, bronchitis.

Preventing colds:

- a healthy lifestyle, avoiding harmful habits;
- vitamins, particularly active defenders against infection are vitamins A and C;
- in cold weather, dress warmly to avoid hypothermia;
- during epidemics of viral diseases eat more onions and garlic as a fresh, and in the dishes.

Consultation of obstetrician on a cold during pregnancy:

1. I'm pregnant and cold.Very sore and tickle in the throat, a fever.What to take?
If you have a fever, see a doctor and not self-medicate.To ease the pain in the throat throat recommend rinsing with a solution of chlorhexidine or furacillin.

2. I face a week.Today, there is a weakness, aches a little throat.How to mute the disease? Do I need to go to the hospital because of it?
No, to the hospital because of a cold no one to go to bed, even before birth.If there is no swelling, the best way to mute the cold is a plenty of hot drink, emotional and physical rest.

3. I am 4-5 weeks pregnant and suddenly fell ill colds.As the disease affect on the kid?
Cold in the early stages can lead to abortion.

4. Zabolela prostudoy.Shodila to the ENT doctor, he appointed me to nasal drops, and all the people sredstva.No cold for a week does not pass.Maybe treatment is ineffective?
See your doctor again.

5. it possible to treat a cold alcohol during pregnancy?
No way.

6. been ill a cold.Now I feel good, not only cough prozodit 2 weeks.What to do?
Go to a therapist, a cold rarely cough persists for so long.

7. I'm pregnant, I 37,8gradusov temperature.Very bad feel, cradles.It may take an antipyretic?
fever should not drink to 38 degrees.If it is higher, you can take paracetamol, but only if the doctor advises.

8. I was pregnant, because of the cold temperature rose to 39 degrees.There were bleeding from the genital tract.What to do?
you urgently need to see a gynecologist or call an ambulance, vaginal bleeding may indicate a miscarriage.

9. possible to use antibiotics in pregnancy for the treatment of the common cold?
can not.

10. Can pregnant with a cold to go to the bath?
undesirable, and if there is a temperature - is strictly forbidden.

Obstetrician-gynecologist, Ph.D.Christina Frambos