Anaphylactic shock - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Anaphylaxis is an acute systemic (ie involving more than one body) allergic reaction to repeated contact with the allergen.In this case, anaphylactic shock can be life-threatening as a result of pronounced pressure drop, possible development of suffocation.
With this kind of allergy that each of us may face for the first time at any time of life.Sometimes this happens when prescribing, such as an antibiotic, or anesthesia in the dentist's office, in a restaurant while tasting exotic dishes or a picnic after a wasp sting.The main difference from other anafilaktichskogo shock allergichesih reactions, urticaria say, lies in the severity of symptoms of the disease.This does not mean that every anaphylactic shock ends Allergy fatal, not at all (!), Most of these reactions with adequate medical care are solved successfully.However, people who have had an anaphylactic shock, you should always have with you "allergy passport" with an indication that he had such a reaction, and a syringe with epinephrine (adr
Symptoms of anaphylactic shock
Depending on the severity of anaphylactic shock can be different in intensivnoti manifestations of the disease.Typically anaphylaxis begins with the appearance of pruritus, urticaria and / or angioedema, sore throat, cough, blood pressure starts to drop.It may also disturb the sensation of heat, headache, tinnitus, constricting chest pain, shortness of breath.Consciousness is retained until the pronounced reduction in pressure can be observed while the excitement and anxiety or depression and lethargy.
Possible allergens anaphylactic shock
most common cause of anaphylactic shock become drugs:
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- radiopaque agent;
- vaccine and others.
Even holding a skin allergy testing and allergen-specific immune therapy can cause shock anafilaktichskogo .
Anaphylaxis can develop under the influence of food allergens, such as peanuts or seafood.
often cause anaphylactic shock are insects (bees, wasps, bumblebees and other pereponchatokrydye).
prevention of anaphylactic shock
Preventive measures are possible only in a situation where established the exact cause of anaphylactic shock.For example in the case of drug or food allergy - avoid taking medicines or foods, causing anafilaktichesy shock.
Complications of anaphylactic shock
most dangerous complications is anaphylactic shock collapse (reduction of blood pressure to 0/0 mm Hg), edema of the larynx, the trachea and the large bronchi, expressed cardiac arrhythmias.
diagnosis of anaphylactic shock
As a rule, due to the severity of the symptoms of larger problems in the diagnosis of anaphylactic shock does not occur.
treatment of anaphylactic shock
should immediately call In the event of anaphylactic shock, "ambulance".It is necessary to lay the victim on his back, turn your head to the side.
Medical aid is to ensure the airway (mechanical ventilation may be conducted, if necessary), maintaining artrialnogo pressure (dopamine, adrenaline, fiz.rastvory), reduce the severity of allergic reactions (glyukokortikoydy, antihistamines).