Motion sickness ( seasickness ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Seasickness or motion sickness - common painful condition.They suffer not only those who travel by sea, but also passengers in cars, trains and planes.Typically, a person experiences a certain discomfort, but sometimes the disease is manifested in the severe form, completely depriving it of opportunities to engage in normal activities.Motion sickness prone to almost half of the children traveling in cars and planes, and almost 100% of passengers stranded on board a ship in a stormy sea.
Most often seasick occurs on small boats and small cars.Most of all it affects women (especially during pregnancy and menstruation), children aged 2 to 12 years, as well as people who are prone to migraines.On the individual predisposition to the disease, little is known.
major role in the development of motion sickness plays the vestibular apparatus (the semicircular canals and otoliths), located in the inner ear.He reacts to the position and movement of the head.Information on the position of the body in space and
Symptoms of motion sickness / seasickness
Classic seasickness symptoms include abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, pallor and cold sweats.The food in the stomach to digest slower, and the feeling of hunger is not there longer than usual.
Prevention of motion sickness / seasickness
If you are prone to motion sickness in a small or moderate, it is possible to minimize the symptoms through simple measures.
- Sit down on the place where the rocks to sleep less - usually a front seat in the car, the first cars in the train, the middle part of the vessel and on the plane - seat over the wings.
- look at distant objects or close your eyes.Do not read and do not consider anything in the cabin.
- Try to move your head as little as possible.
- If possible, lie flat on his back, on his back.
Usually pain stopped within 15 minutes after stopping.Travellers who have repeatedly at short intervals, to experience motion sickness again, the symptoms become less pronounced.
treatment of motion sickness / seasickness
alleviate severe symptoms of seasickness help anticholinergics and antihistamines.All medications should be taken at least 30-60 minutes at the beginning of the trip, so they have time to act before the stomach begins to react to motion sickness.The specific choice of medication depends on the travel duration of symptoms of motion sickness, the state of health of the traveler, sedative effect of certain medications and personal preferences.
One of the most effective drugs - scopolamine.It can be used both in the form of tablets ( "Aeron") or as a patch.Adhesives are used for long journeys and weaken seasickness symptoms of any kind of movement.The patch is placed on the skin behind the ear, not later than 4 hours before the trip, and later changed every 3 days.For maximum effect should be glued to the plaster 8 hours before departure.
scopolamine tablets are for 6-8 hours and can be used for short trips or for the time between the label adhesive and the beginning of its operation.Tablets have more side effects than the patch.Most often it appears dry mouth - experience it for almost two-thirds of taking the medication.Other side effects - decreased visual acuity (especially in people with farsightedness), dilated pupils, and bradycardia, and all of these symptoms may occur or worsen after 24 hours after applying the patch or its repeated use.
Scopolamine has less sedation than antihistamines.
All medicines from seasickness can reduce the rate of reaction, so people drive a vehicle, large machinery or dipping into the water it is recommended to use them with caution.In addition, these drugs are not recommended for those who suffer from cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, liver and kidney.
Treatment seasickness folk remedies
Some patients who suffer from motion sickness, can help and non-pharmacological means, though their effectiveness is not always confirmed by scientific data.As in the case of pregnancy, nausea and vomiting, sometimes help to alleviate ginger, and stimulation of biologically active points on the inner side of the wrist (about 5 cm below the base of the brush between the two muscle tendons).In any case, the use of such means would not give adverse effects.