The study of adrenal hormones - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

May 23, 2016 23:00 | The Analysis On Hormones

adrenal hormones (cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone) is also called the "stress" and "immune".They modulate thyroid function and increase the body's resistance to stress, various diseases and disorders of functioning of many organs.

study biologically active levels of these hormones can provide information about the hidden biochemical disorders that cause:

stress,
depression,
chronic fatigue,
unbalanced emotional state and the lack of well-being feeling,
insomnia,
nesoprotivlyaemost disease (immune disorders)
menstrual irregularities,
obesity and other health abnormalities,
aging, Alzheimer's disease,
change in blood sugar levels,
cancer and cardiovascular disease, and others.

Often failure in the hormonal system causes or exacerbates the skin and allergicdiseases.In allergic diseases are often observed violation of the pituitary-adrenal axis, decreased function of the adrenal cortex.When skin diseases, for example.atopic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo, et al. also observed chan

ges.

On the basis of laboratory tests by a qualified physician can adjust the level of hormones c using certain drugs.with diet, certain physical exercises, etc. - as individual corrective therapeutic program can be designed to reduce the stress load

important point - it is necessary to take a blood test on an empty stomach (do not even drink).Blood is taken from a vein.It is advisable to take up to 10 - 10.30.chasov morning.

indicators in blood: ACTH, cortisol, aldosterone, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine.
Performance in the urine: 17-keto steroids, 17 glucocorticoids, aldosterone, adrenaline, noradrenaline.

1) dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate

dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S, DHEA-SO4) - steroidal androgen hormone synthesized by the adrenal cortex.It is used by the body to produce testosterone and estrogen.His excessive content can lead to the threat of termination of pregnancy and spontaneous abortion.

In some cases, prescribe a blood test for DHEA-s?

congenital adrenal hyperplasia;
tumor of the adrenal cortex;
ectopic ACTH-producing tumors;
habitual miscarriage;
fetal malnutrition;
delayed puberty;
diagnostics of fetoplacental complex with 12-15 weeks of pregnancy.

How to prepare for a blood test on DHEA-s?

Before any blood are advised to avoid stress and fatigue, limit physical activity, refrain from frequent smoking.Blood is desirable to pass in the morning, on an empty stomach.If you want to donate blood at another time is required to abstain from eating for 4-6 hours.

What drugs should not be taken before the blood test turn-on-a DEA?

Dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, prednisone, diprospan, estrogens, oral contraceptives.When you donate blood you must tell the nurse about the admission of drugs that affect the hormone levels in the blood.

Normal blood test to DEA figures, with:

These values ​​can vary depending on the age, use test kits and analyzers:

women: 810 - 8991 nmol / L;
men: 3591 - 11907 nmol / l.

2) Cortisol Cortisol is a common

common - a steroid hormone of the adrenal cortex, which plays a key role in protecting the body's reactions to stress and hunger, and participates in the regulation of many metabolic processes.

That means an increase in cortisol levels in a blood test?

Elevated blood cortisol - a sign of serious diseases.In pregnancy, the level of cortisol in the body increases by 2-5 times, and this is the only case that does not indicate pathology.

In some cases, prescribe a blood test for total cortisol?

hirsutism;
diagnosis of Addison's disease and Cushing's;
oligomenorrhea;
premature sexual development;
osteoporosis;
abnormal pigmentation of the skin;
muscle weakness.

How to prepare for the analysis of blood cortisol?

eve hormone cortisol analysis refuse receiving estrogens, opiates, oral contraceptives and other drugs, after consulting with the doctor-endocrinologist.The day before the study did not go in for sports and do not smoke.

The rate of cortisol in the blood:

age & lt;16 - 83 - 580 nmol / l
age & gt;16 - 138 - 635 nmol / l

3) Aldosterone

aldosterone - a hormone of the adrenal cortex, which affects the kidneys regulate water-salt balance in the human body (potassium and sodium).

What is the function of aldosterone in the human body?

occurs under the action of aldosterone and sodium retention chlorine renal tubules, resulting in reduced fluid discharge urine, sweat, saliva and simultaneously facilitates removal of potassium from the body.Aldosterone affects the maintenance of blood pressure, increasing its levels in the blood leads to the formation of edema and increased pressure, reduced muscle tone, seizures, cardiac arrhythmias.

In some cases, prescribe a blood test for aldosterone?

for the diagnosis of primary hyperaldosteronism, adrenal adenomas and adrenal hyperplasia;
with difficult-to-control hypertension;
with orthostatic hypotension;
with suspected adrenal insufficiency.

Preparation for a blood test to aldosterone:

Within 2 weeks prior to the study recommended malouglevodnaya diet without salt restriction.Prior to the study should be excluded stress and intense exercise, which can lead to a temporary excess aldosterone.Prior to the study, it is desirable to cancel the drugs that can affect the exchange of sodium and potassium ions (diuretics, antihypertensives, steroids, oral contraceptives and estrogens) in consultation with the attending physician.

Norma aldosterone in the blood of 35 - 350 pg / mL

simply analyzing the adrenal hormones should do endocrinologist, in some cases - a gynecologist.