Biochemical analysis of urine - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | In Urology

Bilirubin in the urine of healthy people contained in the minimum, undetectable amounts.Bilirubinuria mainly observed in lesions of the liver, but the first pigment, which appears in the urine in the defeat of the liver - not the bilirubin and urobilin.OK - at urobilin negative analysis.

Ketone bodies in urine (ketonuria) formed as a result of increased breakdown of fatty acids).Determination of ketone bodies is important in diabetes.In normal - negative reaction.

hemoglobin in the urine is normally absent.A positive result is observed in intravascular, intrarenal breakdown of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin.To investigate the entire portion was collected after thorough morning urine toilet genitals.The urine must be collected in absolutely clean, dry bowl;studies can store up no more than 1.5 hours in a cold place.

Bile acids appear in the urine in liver pathology in varying degrees of severity: mild positive (+), positive (++) or strongly positive (+++).Their presence indicat

es gross lesions of the liver tissue in which the cells formed in the liver bile, together with entering the biliary tract and intestine gets directly into the blood.Causes include acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, jaundice, caused by blockage of bile ducts.This indicator is used as an important sign of the differential diagnosis of jaundice.Bile acids in the urine and can be detected in patients with liver disease without outward signs of jaundice, so this analysis it is important to those with suspected liver disease, but there is no jaundice of the skin.

urobilin in urine.In fresh urine contains urobilinogen, urine on standing turning into urobilin, which causes darkening of the urine in jaundice.In healthy people with normally functioning liver urobilin gets into the urine is so small that conventional laboratory tests are negative.Increase this figure by weak positive reaction (+) to strongly positive (+++) occurs in various diseases of liver and biliary tract, such as acute and chronic inflammatory liver diseases: hepatitis, cirrhosis, toxic hepatitis, obstruction of the biliary tract stone.