Recommended medical examination for men - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
In this article, we have given a list of activities that are recommended to men who look after their health.In each case the list of surveys determined by the attending physician.This takes into account the individual characteristics, chronic diseases, genetic predisposition and age of the patient.
Regular medical checkups . doctor measures blood pressure, heart rate listens, weighs and examines the patient.Sometimes regular inspections revealed the disease, asymptomatic (eg, hypertension).In the survey, you can discuss with your doctor your diet, physical activity, etc.Regarding the frequency is no consensus of such surveys, but clearly, that with age, see your doctor often necessary.Individual recommendations give the doctor.
blood pressure. Regarding the frequency of pressure testing there are no clear recommendations.It is desirable to do it at least 1 time per year.In the presence of indicators above 120/80 should consult a doctor.In case of threat to the development of hypertension, the docto
survey testes.This test is recommended held simultaneously with other checks for cancer.Testicular self-examination is not enough to effectively, so it should be reserved for people at risk for cancer.In any case, you should consult with your doctor.
cholesterol check in blood.Persons older than 20 years is recommended to check the level of lipoprotein ( "useful" and "harmful" cholesterol, triglycerides) in the blood of every 5 years.If you have a risk of heart disease your doctor may recommend more frequent checks.
Screening for prostate cancer.With regard to its necessary opinions of doctors disagree.Slowly progressive prostate cancer does not cause harm, but some methods of treatment (surgery, radiotherapy) is applied.Some experts believe that it is not enough data for the purpose of total surveys.Others recommend annually to receive such examinations to all healthy men over 50 years with life expectancy forecast is at least 10 years.It includes analysis of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examination.Men are at risk for prostate cancer (blacks and those with prostate cancer in the family history) should undergo an annual inspection, since 45 years.
Screening for bowel cancer. These surveys clearly useful.However, the doctors there is no consensus as to their frequency.This issue should be addressed individually with the doctor.
Men older than 50 years should take one of the following examinations:
- analysis of fecal occult blood test (1 every 1-2 years)
- Sigmoidoscopy (1 every 5 years)
- analysis of fecal occult blood test at homeconditions (if possible) and sigmoidoscopy
- Colonoscopy (1 every 10 years)
- barium enema with double contrast (1 every 5 years)
However, some reputable medical experts believe that such surveys should be held only for men ofmedium-risk group.
If you have a predisposition to onkozabolevniyam (for example, bad heredity) need to take a survey more often or at an earlier age.Risk factors - inflammatory bowel disease, polyps, malignant tumor of a certain type, radiotherapy treatment.
Aortic Aneurysm. This ultrasound examination is recommended to take 1 time between 65 and 75 years, those who smoke or have smoked in their lifetime.
blood test for HIV. This analysis should take:
- the presence of homosexual contact (at least 1 time per year).
- before or during pregnancy a female partner (preferably to be tested in advance).
- In the case of intravenous drug use (1 per year).
- In the absence of an increased risk of HIV infection is recommended for tests during routine medical examination.
Blood sugar .Persons older than 45 years who have an increased risk of developing type II diabetes, it is recommended to check blood sugar level 1 every 1-2 years.The risk factors - overweight, sedentary lifestyle, genetic predisposition.If you have high blood pressure or cholesterol levels, be sure to take a blood test for sugar, because diabetes significantly increases the risk of heart attack.Most people should start checking after 45 years, people from high-risk groups - before.
Dental check. Regular visits to the dentist you can save the health of the teeth and the entire body.The exact frequency of visits should be prescribed with a doctor.It is generally recommended two maintenance visits per year.
Verification of .At the age of 40 years should undergo a comprehensive eye examination.Then the vision should be checked 1 time in 1-4 years.In the presence of diseases that affect the eyes (diabetes, chronic diseases of the eye, and so on. P.), The survey is better to pass more often.
skin examination. should not forget about independent audits of the skin condition.Thus it is necessary to pay attention to non-healing sores, and redness, especially in open areas.It is recommended to contact the doctor if there are any changes in size, color and shape of old moles, as well as when new.