Kyphoplasty , vertebroplasty in the treatment of vertebral body compression fracture - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Neurosurgery

Kyphoplasty, vertebroplasty - minimally invasive neurosurgical operations to treat a compression fracture of the spine.When compression fractures of vertebral compression occurs and it changes its shape - is losing height, it becomes wedge with apex anteriorly.

This bony structure of the vertebral body is compressed, destroyed.
Compression fracture occurs more frequently when jumping, falling from a height on the legs or buttocks.For the occurrence of fracture acts as bone mineral density.A common cause of vertebral compression fractures is osteoporosis.Thus even a small load, bending forward can cause a fracture.Metastases in the vertebral body destroy the bone structure and cause pathological vertebral compression fracture.

Compression fracture

Diagnostics compression fracture - spine radiography, computed tomography, for suspected damage to neural structures - MRI.The patient also undergoing tests and clinical tests to rule out somatic diseases, densitometry to determine bone density and oste

oporosis.

Vertebroplasty Vertebroplasty - a minimally invasive method of introducing a special "cementing" materiallov the body broken vertebra.This increases the strength of the vertebra, reduces pain.

conduct operations under rentgenkontrolem, under local anesthesia.We introduce a biopsy needle to the site of the fracture and through it entered an acrylic "cement".The needle is removed."Cement" freezes.Vertebral bone fragments are stabilized.Place the puncture is sealed with plaster.Bed rest during the day.

Kyphoplasty Kyphoplasty - a minimally invasive treatment method in which recovers the damaged vertebral body height before the introduction of "cementing" substance.It is used for fresh fractures - within 8 weeks.

conduct operations through a small incision for the trocar under fluoroscopic control with local anesthesia.A trocar is introduced a special balloon into the vertebra, injected radiopaque solution.Brimming with, the balloon lifts the vertebral structure and forms a cavity in which after removal of the balloon is introduced special "cementing" substance of poly-MA.

substance hardens and the height of the vertebra is restored.For the treatment of vertebral need an average of one hour per day of bed rest in the hospital, restriction of physical activity in an average of 6 weeks.

For the treatment of vertebral compression fractures from D5 L5 applied to the sliding system vnutripozvonkovaya «Sky», which forms a void in the cancellous layer of bone tissue and restores the height of the vertebral body.

Possible complications of kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty

The choice of treatment options and surgical treatment - the lot of a doctor specialist.

Possible complications of kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty - bleeding, damage to the nerve root and / or spinal cord (the tool, "cement"), infectious complications, allergic reactions.

neurologist Kobzev SV