Correction of teeth ( malocclusion ) without braces - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
beautiful and straight teeth - the dream of many people.But if nature has not bestowed such teeth, the problem will correct orthodontist.Popular braces are not always and everyone can afford, they are not always aesthetically pleasing, and cause some discomfort.So many people would like to correct a bite without the use of braces.And it is possible, but on the testimony.
Therapies without braces are used in the treatment of complicated bite defects in adolescents and adults.When dentition formed, the impact on its formation can not only fix some defects.So basically, the methods used in children bite correction without braces, as in childhood influence the formation of dental system quite effectively and relatively quickly.
Before treatment orthodontist necessarily produce a survey of dental system (inspection, panoramic radiographs, photographs, etc..), The diagnosis statement, on the basis of which will continue to be chosen method of treatment.
treatment of dentoalveolar anomalies can be done with
- special devices;
- complex method;
- surgical method.
1. Mioterapiya - a set of systematically recurring regular exercise.The temporary occlusion can be used as an independent method of treatment, for the period mixed or permanent dentition - be used as an extra.With the help of simple exercises, you can normalize the tone of the masticatory and facial muscles, the muscles involved in the act of chewing, swallowing.A set of exercises is chosen individually for each child's orthodontist and speech therapist.To be effective, this method exercises to do every day, under the supervision of parents.If lazy and do not do them on a regular basis, the effect of treatment receive will fail and have to resort to instrumental methods of treatment.
2. Apparatus method is most often used during periods of mixed and formed permanent dentition (from 5 to 18 years).With orthodontic appliances can change the shape of the jaw, to stimulate or inhibit its growth and eliminate bad habits, which are often the causes of malocclusion.It is possible to normalize the situation of the language, to restore the function of nasal breathing, swallowing and speech, remove incorrect, excessive pressure on the muscles of the jaw dentition.
devices to correct malocclusion are fixed or removable.For non-removable devices are braces.Removable devices include plates, trainers, caps.
The main difference between them is that the brackets are fixed to the teeth once and before the end of orthodontic treatment, and plate, caps, trainers during treatment can and should be removed - for the oral hygiene device correction, eating, etc.
plate consists of a plastic base, arc and clasps by means of which it is held in the mouth.It made it to the dental laboratory for individual plaster model.There odnochelyustnye and dvuchelyustnye devices.Their action is mainly dependent on the elements that they contain (special springs, bumpers).
Dvuchelyustnoy dental unit
Some indications for plates:
• Prevent misalignment of teeth in the wrong direction;
• To stimulate or inhibit the growth of the jaws, depending on the pathology of the bite;
• Hold the teeth in the correct position;
• Some phones allow you to get rid of the increased load on the lip and cheek dentition.
Children usually easy to get used to the plates for your teeth, it is much easier to care for them, than braces.But it is important to comply with doctor's advice on the wearing of devices.If the unit is used improperly, not because the orthodontist told, and as the child wants, it will inevitably lead to a decrease in the effectiveness of treatment malocclusion of teeth.
Terms treat removable devices longer, but Retention (retention) period less extensive.Orthodontic braces are quite common in childhood to correct malocclusion.They are the most suitable and gentle, and most importantly, cheap enough design.
Trainer teeth - multifunctional orthodontic device, which is manufactured using the method of computer modeling of elastic silicone and designed to correct the bite pathology between mixed and permanent dentition.Usually it has a universal size and requires only trimming the ends to adapt to the specific size of the jaw.
Trainer can be used in:
• inability to use braces;
• teeth crowding in the anterior region of the mandible;
• bad habits (sucking pencils, finger, etc.);
• violation of swallowing function and nasal breathing;
• to secure and retain the result after removing the braces.
There are other indications, based on which, the orthodontist selects the desired unit.
Trainer for the teeth do not have to wear all the time.It is worn at night during sleep and during the day for 1-4 hours.
There are many types of trainers.One representative - "Miobreys".In the early mixed dentition (6-8 years) it is possible to stimulate the development of airways, sinuses, normalize the development of a growing child bronchopulmonary system, which contributes to the normalization of the growth of the jaws.In permanent occlusion "Miobreys" can be used for the treatment of minor malocclusions.
Another representative - Trainer T4a.Designed for cosmetic alignment of teeth in the anterior region of the jaws, the correction in the anterior region in combination with the expanding jaw devices, retention after previous orthodontic treatment, the removal of harmful myofunctional habits (laying tongue between the teeth, incorrect swallowing, mouth breathing).
Trainers easy to care for.After each use, they should be rinsed under running water or clean it with a toothbrush with toothpaste, periodically inspect for damage.Store Trainer should be in a special container.The results of treatment are controlled by the orthodontist every 1-2 months.
Capa - a device that is a special transparent overlay on the teeth.Kapu must be worn around the clock to remove need during eating and brushing teeth.Timing of treatment depend on the severity of the malocclusion, and is on average 1 year.It is recommended to replace the cap once every 2-3 weeks.
Depending on the resulting effect of orthodontic treatment and prices, there are several types of dental cap:
There are standard caps, which are issued by a single sample and immediately ready for use.Available at a price almost everyone, but they can not come to man with special parameters dentition structure.
Thermoplastic mouthguards are made from a special material that changes shape in hot water.After this dive the mouthpiece is placed on the teeth and the material hardens.They are convenient to use.
Individual caps are the most advanced of the three cap orthodontic appliances.They are made on the basis of biopolymers, which allow you to create the thinnest mouthpiece, perfectly follows the shape and features of the dentition.It provides total comfort when using them, allowing them to remain in the mouth unnoticed to others.It is enough expensive.
There are more special transparent caps aligners that looks similar to a mouthguard whitening, only more subtle and hard.Use them to correct the malocclusion in adults and children with permanent teeth.
1.Prozrachny, invisible to others;
3.Komfortny to use - because of the minimal dosing pressure on the teeth;
4.Trehmernaya computer manufacturing technology makes it possible to see the movement of the teeth at each step and evaluate the final result.
best results caps (aligners) give with a slight movement of the teeth (closing the distance between the teeth, a small density, expansion or contraction of the dental arch, the correction of relapse).Capa as trainers, can be used as a retention device.Caring for the end caps is the same as for the trainer.
3. Surgical method is applied in a sufficiently complex cases of malocclusion (asymmetry of the face, front or side open bite, the underdevelopment of one of the jaws).It is possible to change the shape of the jaw and facial bones to normalize the clamping jaws.
4. An integrated approach - a combination of hardware with surgical method.It is used as a major in the period from 6 to 12 years.The main indication - severe congenital or acquired defects dentition.Orthodontic treatment
pure mioterapii performed using hardware or by using the method.In any case, sooner seen the bite pathology, the faster, more efficient and cheaper it can be fixed.
dentists Maschёnok Yulia V.