Dental treatment during pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Intervention In Dentistry

«Congratulations, you will soon become a mother ...»

It is with these words in a woman's life begins a new chapter, full of unexpected and joyful moments, expectation and happiness, but, in addition, it requires special attention from their healthand in particular their teeth.

Since then, as you know, that will become a mom, your responsibility begins and important work together with doctors, midwives, teachers to prepare for the birth of a healthy, happy baby.

Why treat teeth during pregnancy

Until recently was common myth is that during pregnancy, it is not necessary to treat the teeth, this should be done after birth.This is a profound mistake!After all, any caries or, worse, destroyed tooth, gingivitis (gum inflammation) are a source of infection that getting food into the stomach and then into the bloodstream, can cause undesirable conditions, up to pre-eclampsia (toxemia of late).So if you know that the treatment or removal of teeth you need if during tooth brushing your gums bleed, then upo

n the occurrence of the second trimester of pregnancy safely go to the dentist, because today in the arsenal of its funds are sufficient drugs are safe for dental treatment during pregnancy.And if you do not bother, do not forget about the mandatory visits to the dentist (there are only three for the whole period of pregnancy).During these visits the doctor will provide you with professional oral hygiene, talk about the features of oral care implement in your situation, recommend toothpaste and brush.

When to treat teeth during pregnancy

Conditionally during pregnancy is divided into three periods - trimester.The first trimester is characterized by the laying of all organs and systems in the second trimester there is their gradual development, in the third - their preparation for independent work or have an independent operation.Each trimester has its own peculiarities of doing - the first and third have the greatest amount of "critical periods", so holding any medical intervention is considered undesirable (of course, except those that are necessary to preserve the life and health of mother and baby).Second Trimester (about 14-20 weeks) is the most secure, including the treatment of teeth.

If you need dental treatment

Firstly, do not worry and do not panic - it is to you now to anything.Secondly, sure to tell your doctor that you are pregnant, you have a period of pregnancy, what medications you are taking , from this treatment strategy depends.

If you have tooth decay ...

Treatment of caries during pregnancy

To date, treatment of caries in pregnant women do not present any particular difficulties.Often it is done even without anesthesia.Dr. mechanically (drill) remove all damaged tissue of the tooth and put a seal on your choice - chemical or light cure - there is absolutely no restrictions.The light emitted by the UV lamp in the formulation of light-curing fillings is not the slightest danger, neither for the mother nor the unborn child.

If anesthesia is still needed ...

anesthesia during dental treatment during pregnancy

This situation is also quite natural and does not pose much of a problem.Today anesthetics (that preparations based articaine, such as "Ubistezin" "articaine") have exclusively local effect, without penetrating through the placental barrier, and thus safe for a child, in addition to their reduced concentrations of vasoconstrictors, and in somethey are absent (e.g., based anesthetics mepivacaine).Therefore, if the dental treatment gives you pain, do not tolerate, it is better to avoid this stress, taking advantage of modern anesthesia.

If you pulpitis or periodontitis ...

Treatment of pulpitis and periodontitis in pregnancy.If X-rays

complicated caries pulpitis (inflammation of nerves), treatment must be conducted under anesthesia, which has already been mentioned above.Treatment of periodontitis (inflammation of the tissues of the tooth radicular), usually do without anesthesia.But in fact, and in either case must be high-quality root canal filling, which is difficult to carry out without X-rays.Many expectant mothers are afraid of an X-ray, and many dentists prefer to leave the treatment of the tooth "for later".Believe me, from one made with all the precautions shot (lead shielding on the belly - the so-called lead apron), nothing terrible will happen, and in dentistry will be a great help.In modern devices radioviziograficheskih radiation dose is reduced dozens of times, and the image quality is not inferior to film.

If the tooth must be removed ...

Removal of teeth during pregnancy

If the doctor concluded that the tooth can not be saved, you need to delete it, and this is a surgical procedure, but it is during pregnancy is not difficult.The surgery is performed under local anesthesia.It is important to strictly follow all the doctor's advice (in any case, do not rinse, not heated area operations, etc.), in order to avoid complications.

special case with "wisdom teeth."Their removal often requires additional surgical procedures and further treatment with antibiotics.Therefore, this procedure if possible, it is better to postpone.

If necessary prosthetics ...

Prosthesis during pregnancy

prosthetics during pregnancy there are no contraindications.As a rule, the procedure carried out by a dentist-orthopedist, safe and painless, and an expectant mother has time to do your smile beautiful.

But an implant is to be forgotten, as the period of engraftment of implants is very expensive from the body, and the expectant mother are required for the development of a healthy baby.In addition, often the engraftment of implants takes place under the influence of drugs that reduce the reactivity of the organism, but it is also an absolute contraindication in pregnancy.

If worried gingivitis ...

Treatment of gingivitis / gum disease during pregnancy

Perhaps, gingivitis (gum disease) - the most common complaint of women, ranging from 3-4 months of pregnancy.This is due to significant hormonal changes in the body.It is characteristic that in the first half of pregnancy marked a mild form (so-called catarrhal gingivitis), and in the second half - a more severe course of the disease, often with the growth of gum tissue (called hypertrophic gingivitis).In the initial stage of gingivitis, the gum region becomes bright red, swollen, bleeding easily.Gradually such gums become dark red or cyanotic, increases in size.

Treatment of mild gingivitis is antiseptic treatment of the gums, teeth professionally cleaned (removed so traumatic and infectious factors), appointment applications or rinse anti-inflammatory drugs.As a rule, after the birth all the symptoms of gingivitis light disappear.

If there was growth of gum tissue, they are surgically removed without harm to the health of the future mother and baby.

How to keep your teeth during pregnancy

Previously, there was a saying that every child picks up a woman on one tooth.Fortunately, today we can say with certainty that it is not.The main thing is to carry out simple, but very important recommendations.

• Try to think about the dental health before pregnancy.Planning the birth of a child - an indicator of parental responsibility.Try to cure all "problem" teeth begin receiving vitamin B complex, calcium-containing.Try to adhere to proper nutrition, add to your diet more cottage cheese, cheeses, nuts.
• During pregnancy, be sure to visit the dentist, even if you do not bother.This must be done at the beginning, in the middle of pregnancy and before delivery.
• During pregnancy, the child requires a tremendous amount of calcium and mineralization of the skeleton, and for the formation of deciduous and permanent teeth, so taking calcium from the outside is a must for women.This will help products like milk, curd, cheese, nuts, as well as vitamins and minerals.But before taking calcium-containing preparations must be sure to consult with your doctor.
• During pregnancy, changing the qualitative and quantitative composition of saliva, it becomes more viscous and loses its protective properties and, therefore, suffers from oral hygiene, teeth become susceptible to tooth decay.Therefore, you need to pay special attention to the daily oral hygiene may add additional care products (mouthwash, dental floss).All these recommendations will give you a dentist, and he will pick you suitable toothbrush and paste, hold a professional hygiene, if necessary.
• We should not forget about the future pope baby, it is also necessary to sanitize the mouth until the baby is born.After all the affected tooth - the source of infection, both for the mother and for the baby.

Compliance with these rules will help you to meet one of the happiest events in the life of a beautiful and healthy smile!