Treatment of milk teeth - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
caries in early childhood helps to reduce the protective properties of hard tissues, erupting deciduous teeth, as well as reducing the processes of salivation at night.
When blossoming caries affected teeth time almost immediately after their eruption.First, on the outer side of the upper incisors appear foci of enamel demineralization, against this background, quickly (within 2-3 months) arise carious defects.The caries process is characterized by the speed of the flow, and multiple lesions of teeth (except for the incisors of the lower jaw) and the rapid involvement in the dental pulp process.
In connection with such laws of flow of caries pressing problem is its prevention.While mom and baby daddy do not reconsider their views on the feeding and daily routine, to achieve any positive results possible.It is recommended to remove from the diet of evening and night feeding all sugar products, acidic juices.
In addition, it is imperative to observe such a child to the pediatrician, because, as a rule,
as local remineralizing treatment of deciduous teeth, we recommend home use products containing calcium, daily handle all of your child's teeth after each meal with this drug.It is possible to carry out dental treatment armchair local fluoride agents.The multiplicity of these procedures depends on the wishes and possibilities of parents.The minimum possible magnification is 1 time per month.
most often in compliance with all the recommendations at this stage there is a stabilization of caries process, is the remineralization of initial lesions, there is suspension of development of carious defects, the affected hard tissues are sealed, distinguished from healthy tissue.caries flow gets compensated character.
Numerous data show that the leading role in the occurrence of caries (including in young children) plays cariogenic streptococcal microflora, mainly Str.mutans.Infection child cariogenic microflora possible from both the mother and the other in contact with him people (so the person who looks after the child, need dental health and good care of the teeth), and from his peers (as evidenced by genotypic analysis of the microflora is constantly in contact toddlers).Moreover, infection and its cariogenic microflora kolonozatsiya (the groove-tongue) possible before teething.
to suppress cariogenic microflora mainly use 2 types of medicines belonging to various pharmacological groups - containing antiseptics (chlorhexidine) and sweeteners (xylitol).
specific action xylitol
Specific antimicrobial effect of xylitol is based on the fact that for the cariogenic microorganisms absorption of sugars and their enzymatic degradation is a source of energy for the bacterial cell.However, it is not cariogenic microorganisms have enzymes xylitol processing that leads to its accumulation in the cell pereizbytochnomu.The result is a destruction of microorganisms, or the allocation of xylitol back into the oral cavity (with the repetition of "idle cycle" and delayed growth and reproduction of cariogenic microflora).
According to the latest data (prof. L.P.Kiselnikova et al., 2009) the use of drugs based on xylitol (highly adhesive applicator gel ROCS Medical Minerals, containing calcium glycerophosphate, magnesium chloride, and 10% xylitol) in the complex therapeutic and preventive measuresand is the most effective in terms of physiologic regulation cariogenic microflora in the mouth.A month after the procedure (for children with early childhood caries, age 12-36 months) there is a lack of growth of new cavities and demineralization lesions suspension of existing carious defects, the disappearance of signs of gingivitis.
Treatment of milk teeth
extremely difficult task is the treatment of primary teeth in young children, especially if the child has already had a negative experience of visiting the dentist.All medical actions at this age should be carried out very quickly and painlessly.We are, as a rule, children of this age do not recommend using a local anesthetic, as a small child may be afraid of the technology and of its consequences.
painless treatment of deciduous teeth is achieved by the extensive use of atraumatic treatment methods cavities.Machineless treating cavities in temporary teeth domestic pediatric dentists practicing for a long time.
atraumatic methods of processing are used more frequently in the treatment of cavities, localized on the smooth and the chewing surfaces of teeth.When treating caries blooming deferred widely used treatments using formulations containing calcium, usually in combination with non-invasive treatment.
The first visit is carried out partial processing of cavities and overlay on the bottom and wall cavity «Septocalcine» type drugs (Septodont), «Life» (Kerr), after which the hole is closed with a temporary filling.After 10-15 days, a final treatment of cavities and fillings.
the treatment of tooth decay in young children is given to all the same preference for light-curing materials.Himiootverzhdaemye materials are not recommended for use in children in this age group due to the long period of curing.
Photo 1. Photo 2.
1 - cavities after non-traumatic treatment
2 - Restoration of carious defects
1. 2. 3.
1 -Karies milk teeth in a child 5 years
2 -Karioznaya cavity prepared for sealing
3 -Recovers defect
at regenerative treatment of temporary molars are widely applied preventive sealing technology.In this case the filling material is not only a defect area, but also in healthy fissures.For the prevention of fissure caries erupting molars recommended time of sealing.
complicated forms of caries in early childhood (children under 3 years of age) are most often an indication for oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia.