Medicines for worms (tablets and other means ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
diseases resulting livelihoods of parasitic worms (colloquially "worms") in humans, collectively called "helminthiasis".Helminth parasites in the human body can be divided into three types: roundworms (nematodes), flatworms (flukes) and tapeworms (cestodes), as well as the place of parasitism - intestinal and extra-intestinal.Worms - is not only known to all "pinworms" species of worms there are so many and they need to be treated with different drugs that kills some, not for getting rid of the other.
Most of anthelmintic drugs have a reasonably fast and reliable effect and allow you to get rid of worms once and for all.Nevertheless, these drugs are not meant for self, and under certain circumstances, be appointed only in a hospital under medical supervision. Although the toxicity of modern drugs is minimized, you can not completely exclude the possibility of side effects.That is why the treatment of helminthiasis - a treatment prescribed by your doctor.
fundamentally important before treatment is t
How dangerous the wrong medication, "de-worming"?
very important that you follow the recommended drug for each circuit receiving and the duration of the course.When receiving the drug not effective dose of many parasitic worms do not die and begin to migrate from the peculiar to their parasitism organs to other organs and systems, creating a life-threatening condition, for example, from the intestine to crawl into the appendix, pancreas, liver, lungs, or even leaveinto the free peritoneal cavity.It may be a false impression of cure, when, instead of the death of the parasite and inhibited its oviposition tests are negative.The same applies to the treatment of herbal and folk remedies.Moreover, to achieve the anthelmintic effect when used helminthics grass requires a sufficiently high concentration, which inevitably increases their toxicity and the development of side effects.One should not forget about contraindications.Such herbs like tansy and wormwood are contraindicated for children under 12 years of age, diseases of the kidneys, heart, liver, uterine bleeding.
substantiated whether drug prevention helminth infections?
Such a question often asked by pet owners, especially if in an apartment with two living children, or family members of the sick person. prevention of helminthiasis, of course, necessary, but not DRUG .Anthelmintic drugs are prescribed only by the discovery of certain parasites or their eggs.Without this justification for medication "of worms" no.Prevention comes down to personal hygiene and timely isolation and treatment of cases.
How do drugs "from the worms?"
It chemotherapy drugs, which exercise their effect on biological structures worms and biochemical processes in their tissues:
- blocking the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscle cells and cause lasting paralysis helminth, after which it is excreted from the body in feces.So are pyrantel, piperazine, praziquantel;
- persistently violate helminth glucose uptake by cells, causing their death (mebendazole);
- disrupts intestinal helminth channel cells (albendazole);
- the combined effect of: paralyzing helminths and disrupts the biochemical processes in their cells (levamisole).
Preparations for the treatment of the most common helminth infections:
Preparations for the treatment of roundworm infestations (Enterobiasis, Ascariasis)
piperazine. drug of choice in pregnancy.Completely absorbed by ingestion.It can be used in children under 1 year.There shall be a three-day course.
Contraindications: organic brain and spinal cord diseases, hypersensitivity, chronic renal failure.
Pyrantel (gelmintoks, kombatrin, nemotsid).Also effective in hookworm, trihotsefaleze, necatoriasis.Pyrantel blocks in sensitive helminths neuromuscular transmission, causes spastic paralysis of their muscles, provides expulsion of worms from the body.This means that in the first days of treatment with a chair will stand out very much alive paralyzed helminths, which imposes Responsibility very carefully follow the hygiene.
Not recommended for children under 2 years of age and nursing mothers (penetrates the milk), although practically not absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract.Nizkotoksichen.Displayed in the stool and urine.A single dose should be repeated at 2 weeks, since no effect pyrantel larvae.
Contraindications: allergic reactions, liver failure, myasthenia gravis.
Levamisole (dekaris).Along with an anthelmintic effect, it has immunomodulatory activity and stimulates the production of protective antibodies and blood cells.Highly active in ascariasis when receiving a single dose (one of the drugs of choice), necatoriasis, hookworm.
Contraindications: reducing the number of leukocytes in the blood, hypersensitivity, liver or kidney failure, leukemia, pregnancy, breastfeeding.
Appointed under strict medical supervision with advanced clinical and biochemical blood tests and the subsequent control of blood leukocytes.Incompatible with alcohol, including within days after administration.
Albendazole (nemozol) .Effective with ascariasis, enterobioze, trihotsefaleze, opistorhoze, strongyloidiasis, as well as mixed helminthiasis.The drug of choice for larval forms of the cestode, echinococcosis and teniasis at strongiloidoze.
is not recommended during pregnancy, breastfeeding, up to 6 years, with liver cirrhosis, diseases of the retina of the eye, allergic reactions.The drug is able to inhibit the bone marrow blood, so the treatment with high doses necessary to monitor blood count.Women before treatment is necessary to eliminate a possible pregnancy and provide contraception for a period of treatment.
mebendazole (Vermoxum, telmoks 100 vermakar, vormin mebeks).The drug of choice for enterobioze and trihotsefaleze.Appointed in the treatment of larval stages with echinococcosis and Alveococcosis, it accumulates in the larval cysts.Indications: Enterobiasis, Ascariasis, hookworm, trichocephalosis, trichinosis, echinococcosis, poliinvaziya.
Contraindications: pregnancy, breast-feeding.Liver failure.Children under 2 years old, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, idiosyncrasy.
Chronic administration of mandatory control analysis of peripheral blood indicators of liver and kidney function.Within days after receipt can not drink alcohol, fatty foods, taking laxatives.
Praziquantel (biltritsid, azinoks, tsistitsid, tsesol).Effective with extraintestinal forms trematodozov (schistosomiasis, opistorhoz, clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis), as well as intestinal cestodiasis (diphyllobothriasis, beef tapeworm infection, taeniasis, hymenolepiasis) with neurocysticercosis.
dosage regimen is determined depending on the type of pathogen.
During the reception during the day after it is necessary to refrain from car driving and other dangerous activities.
Contraindications: hepatic failure, children up to 4 years, the first trimester of pregnancy, breastfeeding, cysticercosis liver, eyes, increased sensitivity to the drug.
Features eneterobioza treatment (pinworms)
Separately should stay on treatment enterobiosis features.This is one of the few species of helminth infections in which drug treatment should be carried out throughout the patient's family or team members in close contact with him.This is because the pinworms, creeping out at night from the anus, allocate a large amount of eggs that can get on the clothes, on human fingers and subungual bed with involuntary scratching at night.And this, in turn, leads to their distribution in the environment - settling in the composition of the dust particles in the upholstered furniture, walls, window curtains, children's toys, where they can be a source of re-infection for several years.Therefore, great attention should be paid to the observance of hygienic measures.It is sure to be carried out daily thorough wet-cleaning the apartment.Initially, dust is collected from furniture with a vacuum cleaner, and then wash the floor and furniture with water and soap (household cleaners, including chlorine, are ineffective).Bed and undergarment to be washed at a maximum temperature and iron proglazheno.Hands should be washed soap in the morning, after using the toilet, before eating.Babies - shaved short nails at night to wear tight-fitting underwear and change them daily to clean.
Almost any medication for worms have a detrimental effect on human liver or kidney, even those that are poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, so take them without a doctor, and even more impossible for prevention.