Medicines for headache ( pills from the head ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
In today's rare to find a man who at least once in his life had a headache.Starting slowly, headache soon becomes unbearable, forcing a long time to put aside all business.Therefore, it is important to have on hand medications and be able to use them correctly to relieve this pain.
First aid for headaches
So, headache caught you by surprise.Let's try to deal with it on their own, without the aid of pills.Let.You are lucky and you are in a comfortable home environment.The first is the simplest and often the most effective treatments that you can afford, it's completely relax.To do this, dim the lights or zaveste curtains, remove all the noise stimuli, or, conversely, turn on a light, pleasant music.If possible, the slightly open window let in the room a little cool.Lie down on the bed, lie down with closed eyes for 10-20 minutes.You can also make a head massage: stroke itself from the forehead to the nape, gradually going down, not forgetting about the light massage of the neck.In addition, you can ta
If the pain does not go away, or you can not postpone things and relax, the only effective treatment for getting admission medication.Depending on the cause of experts identify several types of headache.Why is this important to know?The fact is that when one type of effective pain medications in other situations can not only be useless, or even cause harm.Therefore, we will continue to try to tell you about the types of headache and on the most effective methods for its relief.
Medications for headache Migraine
.In most cases, strong pain, lasting from 4 hours to 3 days.My head hurts both the one and the two sides, especially in the forehead or temples.throbbing pain, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, enhanced by noise and bright light.
Pain voltage.It arises due to prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position, because of the psycho-emotional surge in severe fatigue.Pain rarely intense, as a rule, they are dull, aching, as if the head is clamped hoop.However, with nausea, vomiting absent.Such pain lasts from 30 minutes to several hours.
tension and migraine pain makes a person very irritable, nervous.Therefore endure such pain is not worth it.A well-chosen drugs help in just a few minutes to completely remove the pain.In this case, the most effective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory means.
Thus, this group can be assigned:
• Tablets Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) - the maximum single dose of two tablets, but not more than 6 tablets 3-4 times daily.
• Ibuprofen Tablets (Ibuprom, Ibuprom max, have Nurofen, Brufen) - the maximum single dose of 2 tablets, but not more than 6 pills 3-4 times a day.
• Naproxen Tablets - the maximum single dose of 2 tablets, but not more than 4 tablets 2 times a day.
• Tablets Diclofenac (Ortofen) - the maximum single dose of 1 tablet, but not more than 3 tablets 3 times per day.It can be used in the form of rectal suppositories: 1 suppository, 1-2 times a day.
• Pills Indomethacin - the maximum single dose of 1 tablet, but not more than 3 tablets 3 times per day.It can be used in the form of rectal suppositories: 1 suppository, 1-2 times a day.
• Tablets piroxicam - the maximum single dose of 1 tablet, but not more than 3 tablets 3 times per day.It can be used in the form of rectal suppositories: 1 suppository, 1-2 times a day.
• Tablets Ketoprofen - the maximum single dose of 2 tablets, but not more than 6 pills 3-4 times a day
All products of this group should be taken after meals, drinking plenty of water (not milk, juice or alcoholic beverages).The effect is a 0.5-2 hour after administration, the duration of the analgesic effect of approximately 4-6 hours.Treatment duration: up to 4 days or until the disappearance of pain.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are contraindicated:
• if there is an allergic reaction to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
• with active or suspected occult bleeding (except menstruation);
• ulcers in the stomach or intestine in the acute stage;
• during pregnancy and lactation;
• with a significant violation of the liver and kidneys.
• in the presence of severe congestive heart failure or hypertension.
to treat migraine •
used drugs dihydroergotamine (Ditamin, Digidergot);
• selective serotonin agonists - sumatriptan (antimigren), zolmitriptan (zolmigren, rapimig), naratriptan, rizatriptan, almotriptan.Effektiventolko drug if taken at the beginning of the attack.If the pain is not gone, re-reception is possible after 2 hours.In this group of drugs are frequent side tools, so resorted to them only under medical indications.
With little effect of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in tension headaches in combination with them can be recommended antispasmodics .
By antispasmodics group includes:
• papaverine tablets - 1 tablet 3-5 times per day.
• Tablets No-spa - 1-2 tablets 2-3 times a day.
• Halidorum tablets - 1 tablet 3 times a day.
• Tablets Buscopan - 1-2 tablets 3-5 times a day.
• Tablets Drotaverinum - 1-2 tablets 2-3 times a day.The maximum daily dose - 240 mg.
Duration of treatment: up to 2 days or until the disappearance of pain.
• with severe renal insufficiency;
• with severe hepatic impairment;
• with severe heart failure;
• in case of hypersensitivity to the drug;
• arterial hypotension (because of the danger of collapse);
• glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure), in addition to No-spa.
Vascular headache .It occurs when excessive expansion (hypotension), or vice versa, narrowing (hypertension) the blood vessels of the brain.Proper treatment in this situation is to increase and decrease in systemic blood pressure.These drugs are taken only in consultation with a specialist.Relief from this type of pain can bring analgesics .
This group includes the well-known tablets Analgin, Baralgin and Minalgin, Nebagin, Nobol, Novalgin, Optalgin, Piretin, Ronalgin, Spazdolzin and others.Suitable 1-2 tablets 1-3 times a day, but no more than 6 tablets per day.Analgesic effect reaches a maximum at 20 minutes after the first dose, the duration of action of the drug on average 2 h.After taking the drug possible red color of urine - do not worry, this is normal.
derivatives metamizole sodium are contraindicated in:
• hypersensitivity to Metamizole;
• expressed violations of liver and kidney function;
• violation of hematopoiesis;
• bronchial asthma;
• Hereditary disorders - deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
good effect in some cases has Citramon - combined preparation containing acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol and caffeine.Applied on one tablet every 4 hours before termination of pain.
liquorodynamic pain .In this case, the pain is intense, arching as if the brain becomes close to the skull, increased during coughing.Such pain is a manifestation of serious problems, including trauma, meningitis, brain tumor.Usually, the pain is only slightly reduced after administration of analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.Seek medical attention immediately if such pain.
Medicines for headache during pregnancy
during pregnancy or breastfeeding, doctors do not recommend uncontrolled medication.If the headache is unbearable, then allowed drugs such as no-spa (1 tablet 3 times a day), tsitramon paracetamol in minimal doses.It is strictly forbidden: aspirin, analgin, Nurofen.
Medicines for pain golvnoy
children Children only apply products containing paracetamol or ibuprofen.These drugs are recommended minimum effective dose, taking into account the weight of the child.Ibuprofen for children on the analgesic effect of paracetamol is inferior.Its use is recommended only when paracetamol is contraindicated and only in consultation with your doctor.
In any case, before the application of a particular drug is recommended to read the instructions carefully.
Folk remedies for headaches
Along with traditional medicine in the following herbal teas may be used as an aid in the treatment of headache.
- Anise ordinary (fruit) - 1 tbsp.spoon, red bilberry (leaf) - 1 tbsp.spoon, Tilia cordata (flowers) - 2 tbsp.spoon, raspberry ordinary (fruit) - 2 tbsp.spoons, mother and stepmother (Leaves) - 1 tbsp.a spoon.One item.spoon collection pour a glass of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, drain.Drink 1 cup before bedtime (hot).
- Crataegus sanguinea (fruits) - 2 tbsp.spoon, Valeriana officinalis (root) - 1 tbsp.spoon, motherwort five-blade (grass) - 2 tbsp.spoon, bearberry (herb) - 2 tbsp.a spoon.Take a decoction of 0,3 cup 3 times a day an hour after eating.
Headache - is not only an expression of discomfort, significantly reduces quality of life.Headache - it is also a formidable symptom that indicates the presence of a disease, including hypertension, vascular anomalies, head injury, meningitis, encephalitis, brain tumor.And therapeutic measures described above do not eliminate the cause of the pain, but only have a temporary analgesic effect.Moreover, many drugs, such as NSAIDs, long-term use exacerbate headache.Therefore, to the discomfort not come back, you need a complex effect on the cause of the pain.This will help only a specialist, who, after a thorough examination prescribe treatment aimed precisely on the cause of the disease.
therapists Sirotkin EV