Medicines from the throat (tablets , sprays , lozenges for sore throat ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Medicine

One can hardly find a person who has never experienced pain in the throat.The pain can range from mild discomfort to pronounced, up to inability to talk and eat.The causes of pain in the throat, rather numerous.

most common - acute infectious and inflammatory diseases of the throat (pharyngitis caused by viruses and bacteria).Acute pharyngitis with severe pain is most often caused by viruses.Sore throat - this is where often starts SARS.Already at 2-3 day join sneezing, runny nose, fever, cough, muscle aches.Viral pharyngitis have samorazreshayuscheesya for gradually subsides after 4-5 days of sore throat and medical aid is not normally required.

second common cause of acute sore throat - sore throat (inflammation of the tonsils - clusters of lymphoid tissue on either side of the pharynx).Any suspected angina mandatory medical examination, as the high probability of a bacterial infection, in which the necessary appointment of antibacterial drugs.Angina is accompanied by severe pain on swallowing, talk

ing, eating, pain in the submandibular region, a rise in temperature to high numbers, general weakness.This changes the appearance of the tonsils - they grow in size, their surface appears grayish bloom, "bumps" with pus (inflamed follicles).Unlike sore throat, sore throat - a potentially dangerous condition, because in the absence of a competent and treated early can lead to serious complications and even death.In addition, a sore throat may be a manifestation of serious infectious diseases - diphtheria, requiring immediate hospitalization.Other causes of pain in the throat & gt; & gt;

In some cases, a sore throat is a direct indication for treatment to the doctor:

- in addition to severe pain in the throat is marked persistent increase in temperature from 38.0 and above, and (or) change the external appearance of the tonsils (there were raids, and others.)
- on the body or mucous membranes rash
- sided sore throat, appeared nasal tone of voice, fever, throat with one hand, there was a bulging
- in the submandibular region appeared painful swelling
- sore throat persists for 6-7 days, despite treatment

above symptoms require a mandatory inspection of the therapist, according to the testimony of Laurent and infectious diseases.

In other cases, you can ease the pain in the throat with the help of funds authorized for use without a prescription at home.

Medicines from throat

arsenal of available drugs is presented in various forms: tablets for oral administration, sprays, rinses, lozenges, pastilles for sucking.Main components contained in them - it analgesics, antiseptic agents, essential oils of herbs.

drugs from a sore throat for oral administration:

It is anti-inflammatory and antipyretic drugs, relieves pain in the throat is mainly due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of the weak.

Paracetamol 500 mg tablets

Adults and children over 12 years 1 tablet up to 4 times a day.
Children 6-12 years 0,5-1 tablet up to 4 times a day.
Duration of 3-5 days.
paracetamol is contraindicated if the patient: alcoholism, allergic reactions to the drug, marked disturbances of liver or kidney function, anemia.

Ibuprofen 200 mg tablets

Adults 1-2 tablets per day 3-4 p.
Children 10mg / kg single dose, 40 mg / kg - the maximum daily dose.
Duration Hour 3-5 days.
Contraindications: peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, aspirin asthma, hemodyscrasia, amblyopia, impaired color vision, expressed human liver and kidney, ulcerative colitis, children up to 6 years, and allergic reactions.

naproxen 250 mg, 500 mg tablets

Adults 250-500 mg 2 times a day.
Children 10mg / kg / day in 2 divided doses every 12 hours.
Hour Duration 3-5 days.
Contraindications: allergies, aspirin asthma, erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract in the acute phase.

OTC topical:

Aerosols from throat

Aerosols have a local antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect.Preparations in aerosol form approved for use in children with only 3 years old and under the direct supervision of an adult.The drug substance must be kept on the oropharyngeal mucous membrane for 3-5 minutes without swallowing the saliva and without using liquid or food.

Tantum Verde (benzydamine hydrochloride).There are both in the form of a spray and lozenges.

Adults take 4-8 doses every 1.5-3 hours Children aged 3-6 years 1-4 dose (maximum - 4 doses) every 1.5-3 hours.;children aged 6-12 years to 4 doses every 1.5-3 hours. The course of treatment from 4 to 15 days.Tantum Verde usually becomes the drug of choice in the treatment of viral pharyngitis in children, because it has the least side effects and unlike other only rarely leads to laryngospasm.
Contraindications: allergy to the components of the drug, the age of 3 years.

Ingalipt (oil of peppermint leaves, sulfonamides, sulfathiazole, thymol, eucalyptus oil)

3-4 Adults spray per day.Children from 3 years to 2 times daily.The duration of treatment 5 days.
Contraindications: allergic reactions to the drug, the age of 3 years.

Kameton (oil of eucalyptus leaves, camphor, levomenthol, hlobutanol)

Adults and children 5 years 2-3 spray 3-4 times a day
Duration of treatment 5-6 days
Contraindications: allergic reactions to the drug,under the age of 5 years.

Stopangin (Hexetidine, vegetable oils, levomenthol)

Adults and children from 8 years 2 irrigation 2-3 times a day.Treatment duration of 6-7 days.
Contraindications: age up to 8 years, allergic reactions to the drug, the 1st trimester of pregnancy, atrophic pharyngitis

Geksoral Spray (Hexetidine)

Adults and children older than 3 years, 1 dose 2 times a day.The duration of treatment of 5-6 days.
Contraindications: Children under 3 years old, and allergic reactions.

Thera Flu Lahr (benzoksoniya chloride, lidocaine)

4 Adults spray 4-6 times a day.Children older than 4 l and 2-3 spray 3-6 times a day.Duration of treatment is not more than 5 days.
Application contraindicated: during breastfeeding, in case of hypersensitivity to lidocaine or ammonia compounds, the age of 4 years, 1 trimester of pregnancy.

Lozenges and pastilles from throat

Medications in the form of lozenges are more durable, uniformly distributed in the resorption in the oral cavity.Swallow them is not recommended because the lozenge should not be given to children younger than 3 years, lollipops - under 5 years.

Septolete lozenges (benzalkonium chloride, thymol, eucalyptus oil, peppermint oil, levomenthol)

absorbable 1 lozenge in the mouth until completely dissolved every 2-3 hours.
Adults and children over 12 years old to 8 lozenges per day.
Children over 4 years to 4 lozenges a day older than 10 years-to 6 lozenges per day
Duration of treatment 3-4 days.
Contraindications: allergic reactions to the drug, the age of 4 years, congenital fructose intolerance, lactase deficiency, galactosemia, isomaltase deficiency, malabsorption syndrome glucose / galactose.

Faringosept (ambazone) lozenges

Adults dissolve 4-5 tablets per day.Children from 3 to 7 years 3 tablets a day.
course of treatment for 3-4 days.
Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to the drug.

Grammidin anesthetic (gramicidin C, lidocaine hydrochloride)

Adults and children over 12 years: 2 tablets 4 times a day.
Children up to 12 years 1-2 tablets 4 times a day.
course of treatment 5-6 days.
can not be applied in the following cases: an allergic reaction to the drug, the period of lactation.

Strepsils (2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol, amylmetacresol)

Adults and children over 5 years: 1 tablet every 2-3 hours (not more than 8 tablets per day)
Duration of treatment 3-4 days
Contraindications: ageup to 5 years.

Strepfen (flurbiprofen)

Adults and children over 12 years: 1 tablet dissolve after eating, moving the tablet across the mouth as needed, but not more than 5 tablets per day.
Duration of treatment is not more than 3 days.
Contraindications: age under 12 years, pregnancy, stomach ulcer exacerbation, lactation, hypersensitivity to the drug, deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, asthma and rhinitis associated with taking non-narcotic analgesics.

lozenges and sprays from the throat have a symptomatic effect, and it can be expressed in varying degrees in different patients.Someone quickly help funds in pastilles, and one feels the improvement only on some aerosols, all individually, so is not possible to recommend one thing as the drug of choice.

In acute viral pharyngitis against SARS treatment with antibiotics is required.
order to reduce pain in the throat, and when the temperature rises above 38.5 are assigned one paracetamol tablets 2-3 times daily or 1-2 ibuprofen tablets 2-3 times daily.
Local - rinse with brine and herbal infusions 6-8 times a day.
as needed - for sucking lozenges with anesthetic.
treatment duration of 4-5 days.

When streptococcal sore throat, accompanied by sore throat, optional reception of antibiotics, but only by a doctor's prescription!

antibiotics Group:
- «protected» aminopenicillin (flemoklav soljutab, amoxiclav, panklav, augmentin, etc.)
- macrolides (azithromycin, clarithromycin,)
- fluoroquinolones (levofloxacin, moxifloxacin)

course of treatment depending on the intendedthe drug is set by your doctor.

When treatment of bacterial tonsillitis basic technique is an antibiotic in adequate dosage and adequate course.The use of topical preparations - it is only addition to the basic treatment, but not a way to speed up the recovery.

traditional medicine for the treatment of sore throat:

  • Frequent drinking of warm liquids (for example, tea with honey and lemon, milk, honey, herbal tea with mint, chamomile, sage, mother-and-stepmother).
  • Gargling with warm salt solution (1/2 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water 6-8 times a day).
  • Rinse soda solution (1 teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water 6-8 times a day).
  • Rinse infusions herbs (chamomile, calendula, eucalyptus, sage) 1 tbspchopped dry grass, pour a glass of boiling water for 20 minutes, drain, rinse your 4-5 times a day.
  • resorption mouth lemon slices or dissolve 1 tspof lemon juice in a glass of water and rinse 3-4 times a day.

Thus, the self is possible only in the case of viral pharyngitis, that is, when, along with pain in the throat there are other symptoms of acute respiratory infection and there is no warning signs requiring medical examination.

If after inspection the doctor has you diagnosed "angina" and appointed antibacterial therapy should strictly adhere to the receiving mode, dosage and course of treatment duration, alone without canceling it, even if you become much easier to have the 2nd Hour Daydrugs.Premature termination of reception of antibiotics promotes the development of microbial resistance to the drug and increases the likelihood of complications in the patient.

therapists Stroganov EV