Medicines for the common cold - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Medicine

Runny or "rhinitis" - inflammation of the nasal mucosa of various nature.Regardless of the cause of the common cold, the disease is making our lives a tangible discomfort - it becomes difficult to breathe, preventing night's sleep and work, there is sneezing, headache, may lay ears.Permanent edema, congestion as the cause, can result in disruption of air flow in the nasal paranasal cavities, and this contributes to their inflammation - sinusitis.Therefore, it is necessary to treat a runny nose.

The list of remedies for the common cold includes several groups of drugs with different mechanisms of action and the point of application.Consider the basic group means from rhinitis, depending on whether their effect we want to obtain.

Medications from a cold

1. If you need to quickly resolve nasal congestion and restore normal breathing during a cold.

In this case, come to the aid of local decongestants - decongestants.They act on the small vessels of the nasal cavity and the nasal cavities, causing their

rapid narrowing and, as a consequence, decreases swelling of the mucosa, the nasal lumen increases and breathing becomes free.The effect of these drugs on a cold develops rapidly, within 1-3 minutes.Duration of action is different depending on the active ingredient.

will approach these drugs at an early stage of a cold, when the "snot" more liquid.

In composition preparations of different trade names are classified into:
- xylometazoline (dlyanos, ksimelin, rinonorm, galazolin, xylene, Otrivin, Snoop)
Duration 6-8 hours
- oxymetazoline (nazivin, Nazol, noksprey, Nazol Advance, nazosprey, Fasini)
Acts 12:00
- naphazoline (Naphthyzinum, Sanorin)
Operates 4-6 hours
- tetryzoline (tizin xylo bio)
Operates 4-6 hours.

Which is better from a cold - drops or sprays?

Sprays are considered more advanced form of drug delivery to the nasal cavity than droplets t. K. In solution irrigation is more uniform distribution of active ingredient and more complete its delivery into the bloodstream, while with instillation of drops of it can reach into the nasopharynxthereby reducing the effective dose.When the thick secretion forms the nose cover, make better use of gels.

Despite marked relieving effect, this group of drugs requires caution in the application. They can only be used when absolutely necessary, ieoccasionally, such as the therapeutic effect they have, and with the improvement of the status should be revoked.long-term use Danger (7 days) is that vessels of the nose are gradually getting used to this artificial "whipping" and in the absence of stimulation are constantly extended, again there is edema, which requires re-use vasoconstrictor, and it is - already the formation of drug dependence. In advanced cases, the vessels are generally impervious to any stimulants, in the mucous membrane lesions occur in its structure, the so-called "medical" rhinitis, which requires specific treatment.

Rules of vasoconstrictor drops and sprays:

- Use them only for severe nasal congestion, when it is due to edema, and not an accumulation of viscous nasal secretion.As a rule, it is only the first 3 days of a cold.
- during the day is better to use drugs with a duration of action of 3-4 hours at night can with the duration of 8-12 hours.
- Use they can be no more than 7 days.
- The use of these drugs in children is permitted only after consultation with the pediatrician, and only in special formulations for children, depending on age.
- Do not use this in glaucoma, atrophic rhinitis.
- Be wary of hypertension, heart disease and blood vessels, increased thyroid function.
- When breastfeeding, pregnancy such medications are contraindicated for the common cold.

2. Reducing the viscosity of the nasal mucus, formation of crusts that impede breathing.

It becomes necessary, usually for 3-5 day cold, and the next drug is suitable for solving the problem.

Rinofluimutsil (acetylcysteine ​​+ tuaminoheptane).Nasal spray.It has further moderate vasoconstrictor effect.
Adults - 2 doses with an interval of 5 minutes in each nostril 3-4 times a day.
children - 1 dose 3-4 times a day.
course of treatment - no more than 20 days.
Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to the drug, angle-closure glaucoma.Precautions: cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension, angina pectoris, asthma, children under 3 years of age, pregnancy, breastfeeding.

3. Allergic rhinitis.

Preparations for the treatment of allergic rhinitis can also be used for acute non-allergic rhinitis.

Vibrocil (phenylephrine + dimethindene) drops, spray, gel.The gel form is recommended for nasal dryness, nocturnal nasal congestion.You can use this drug while breastfeeding.
Adults and children over 6 years - 3-4 drops in each nostril 3-4 times a day, spray - 1 injection in each nostril 3-4 times a day, the gel - the most deeply into each nostril 3-4 timesper day.Children 1-6 years - only in drops prescribed by a doctor.

Sanorin Analergin (antazoline + naphazoline)
drug can be used with 2 years - 1-2 drops 3-4 times a day.
Adults - 2-3 drops.
course - no more than 7 days.

4. The combined proceeds from the common cold to the plant components.

Pinosol (nasal drops, cream, ointment).It contains essential oils of peppermint, eucalyptus, pine.
anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, reduces the viscosity of mucus, improves blood circulation in the mucous membranes of the nose, nasopharynx.
in the form of drops indicated for rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis, laryngitis (inhalation)
Adults - a few drops in both the nasal passage at intervals of 1 hour, then a few hours later, the children - 1-2 drops 3-4 times a day.Course - 7 days.
Contraindicated in allergy to components included in the composition, for children up to 1 year.

5. Proceeds from the common cold with antibiotics

Polydex with phenylephrine (neomycin + polymyxin B + phenylephrine + dexamethasone)
Nasal spray.It has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, vasoconstrictor, anti-allergic effect.It is used in acute and chronic rhinitis (especially with muco-purulent secretions from the nose), sinusitis.
Adults - 3-5 injections in each nostril per day, children from 2.5 to 15 years - 3 injections in each nostril.
Duration of treatment - 5-10 days.
Contraindications angle-closure glaucoma, allergic reactions to components of the drug, viral infections, kidney failure, and kidney disease with the presence of protein in urine, children up to 2.5 years, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
applied after consultation with the doctor.

Izofra (framycetin).Nasal spray. applied strictly prescribed by a doctor for bacterial infections of the nasal cavity is not more than 10 days.

6. Local hormonal remedies for the common cold

This group of drugs for the common cold may be used only on prescription.
active component of the drug from the common cold are corticosteroid hormones with pronounced anti-inflammatory, decongestant and anti-allergic effect (Fliksonaze, Nasonex, bekonaze, nazakort et al.).This group of drugs indicated for chronic allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and others.
Improper use may develop a large number of undesirable effects.

Preparations of different groups of brine used in treatment of the common cold

apply hygienic and therapeutic purposes.In the formation of a viscous secretion and dry crusts facilitate their easy removal and purification of the mucous membrane and restore its normal physiological condition, moisturize at dryness and increase resistance to the introduction of viruses and bacteria.Assign as a supplement to the basic treatment for acute, vasomotor, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, adenoids, as well as when working in dusty environments with dry air, hot shops, rinsing the nose after contact with sick airborne infection after surgical treatment of diseases of the noseand sinuses.

Aqua Maris
Seawater
Nasal spray, drops, nasal spray forte.
contain salts and trace elements, which have anti-inflammatory effects, stimulates regenerative processes in acute and chronic rhinitis, sinusitis as part of combination therapy.
Adults - 2-3 doses in each nostril 4-8 times a day for children under
years - 2 drops in each nostril, children 1-7 years - 1-2 injections in each nostril 1-3 timesper day, children 7-16 years - 2 injections in each nostril 4-6 times a day
course of treatment - from 7 days to several months.
contraindicated in allergic reactions, nasal spray should not be used for children up to 2 years, nasal spray forte - children up to 6 years.

Salin
solution of sodium chloride (table salt) in the form of a spray.
Babies and children - 1 injection into each nasal passage, adults - 2 injections 3-4 times a day.
There are no contraindications.

drugs for the common cold oral

powders and tablets for colds and flu (koldakt, rinzasip, Fervex et al.) Contain in their composition which reduce nasal congestion and the number of inflammatory discharge.Use they can be no more than 3-4 days.
powders and tablets that break down mucus molecules, increasing its turnover - acetylcysteine ​​fluifort, karbotsistein can also be used in the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis, soprvozhdayuschihsya viscous nasal discharge.

Sinupret. Drops and drops for oral administration.The drug is based on herbs that have anti-inflammatory effect, improves the outflow of inflammatory secretions from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.Appointed in the complex treatment of acute and chronic sinusitis.
Adults - 50 drops or 2 tablets 3 times a day.
Children from 2 to 6 years - 15 drops 3 times a day, at school age - 25 drops or 1 tablet 3 times a day.The course of treatment - from 7 to 14 days.
contraindicated if you are hypersensitive components of the drug, children under 2 years of age, nursing mothers.In Pregnancy - only on prescription.

Medicines rhinitis in children

Neonates and infants are widely used various salt solutions (Aqua Maris, Saline, saline, etc..).This is necessary in order to prevent drying of nasal secretion and formation of crusts that at small sizes of the nasal cavity of the child quickly lead to its overlap and respiratory failure.Decongestants can be used, but only on prescription.Children are offered the following trade names: Baby Nazol 0.125% (from 1 year), Otrivin children, vibrotsil, ksimelin and nazivin in age concentrations.

Medicines rhinitis in pregnant

Use vasoconstrictor drops and sprays during pregnancy can not be!By narrowing blood vessels in the nasal cavity, they affect in the same manner and to the vessels of the placenta, endangering the fetus of oxygen starvation. permissible to use brine (Aqua Maris Salina saline) pinosol - drops, ointment, cream.

When to see a doctor at a cold

Treat yourself runny nose can be no more than 7-10 days.If your runny nose is not stopped during this period, it is necessary to consult a doctor.Simple inflammation of the mucous membrane can easily spread to the sinuses, ielead to complications - sinusitis.This disease is dangerous, in turn, the development of intracranial complications.

Symptoms of sinusitis:
- headache in the front part of the skull, a sense of tension when tilted head down
- a violation of smell
- the temperature rise above 37,5
- purulent nasal discharge
- the duration of the common cold more than 7-10 days If
you find these symptoms in yourself, you show an urgent visit to the doctor.

therapists S.E.V.