Medicines for diarrhea (tablets and other means ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Medicine

sudden appearance of frequent liquid or mushy stool - unpleasant event, especially if it happens in the wrong place, where medical assistance is difficult to access.The reasons - from the banal - a change of the habitual diet - to gastrointestinal infections and exacerbations of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.Understand this - the task of the physician.And what if quickly see a doctor there is no opportunity, and you must help yourself "here and now"?

Medicines for diarrhea

In this case the symptoms will help eliminate unpleasant symptomatic antidiarrheal agents, which can be purchased without a prescription.They are relatively safe and can reduce diarrhea regardless of the reasons, which have caused her.Let us consider them in more detail.

Medicines for diarrhea affecting

motor bowel activity slows to promote food bolus in the lumen of the intestine, reduce the tone of the intestinal wall, reduces the secretion of fluid and mucus.

Imodium (loperamide, Lopedium, suprelol).Imod

ium - lingual tablets 2 mg (for sucking in the mouth).The advantages of this form of the drug - more rapid onset of effect (within 1 hour), the possibility of vomiting, difficulty in swallowing.Or 2 mg capsules.
Imodium - the drug of choice for acute diarrhea infectious nature (if the diarrhea was caused by the change of the usual diet, "stressful" diarrhea), traveler's diarrhea, infectious diarrhea with mild and moderate flow, irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.

Adults with acute diarrhea - 4 mg (2 capsules) once, then - by 2 mg after each act of emptying.The maximum daily dose - 8 mg per day.

Kids drug is given only under medical supervision!

Contraindications:
- ileus
- Children up to age 6 years
- pregnancy 1 trimester
- breastfeeding
- are allergic to components of
drug - diverticulosis
intestine - ulcerative colitis
- pseudomembranous colitis

Imodiumplus (loperamide, simethicone +) in the form of chewable tablets.As part of the tablets contain simethicone - anti-foaming agent, absorbent intestinal gas, thus eliminating unpleasant symptoms such as swelling, bloating, abdominal cramping.
Adults and children over 12 years - 2 tablets with the appearance of loose stool, followed by 1 tablet after each emptying.The maximum daily dose of 4 tablets.

In acute cases, preferably evolved appointment Imodium lingual forms, irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea - the usual form of the drug (capsules).

permissible while taking Imodium without consulting a doctor - 48 hours.Also, receiving medication should be discontinued if the chair was normalized, or he was not more than 12 hours. With ongoing diarrhea must be a thorough investigation to determine the cause.It is important to remember that the drug should be carried out strictly in accordance with the instructions, overdose is fraught with the development of severe complications - paralytic ileus and toxic colon expansion.

Medicines for diarrhea absorbent and protective actions (chelators)

drugs group capable due to the peculiarities of their physical and chemical structure, not soaked, actively bind to the intestinal lumen of the water molecule toxins, bacteria, viruses, coated with a protective layer of mucousgut casing, thereby preventing further damage to it.

Smecta (dioctahedral smectite) . silicate aluminum-magnesium of natural origin
preferred technique in acute intestinal infections (eg, viral) and in pediatric practice.Available in sachets containing 3 grams.
appointed interior between meals, adult 1 sachet 3 times a day.Slowly pour the contents of the sachet in ½ cup of warm water with continuous stirring until complete dissolution.When standing before the suspension Shake use.

Contraindications:
- ileus
- fructose intolerance
- hypersensitivity to the drug
- sucrase-izomaltaznaya failure
- glucose-galactose malabsorption

Children under 1 g - 1 bag per day, 1-2 years - 1-2sachet a day older than 2 years - 2-3 sachets per day
sachet dissolved in water bottle c or baby food (50 mL) and partitioned into several times during the day.

recommended course of treatment - 3-7 days

Kaopectate (attapulgite, neointestopan, reaban, kapekt).Natural purified mixture of magnesium silicate hydrate and aluminum.Kaopectate available in tablets of 750 mg and as a suspension for oral administration in bottles of 230 ml.
Adults - 2 tablets or 2 tbsp.spoons slurry when a loose stool, then 2 tablets after each bowel movement.During the day, no more than 12 tablets, and no more than 14 tablespoons suspension.The suspension is taken before a meal (within 30 minutes) .Tabletki swallow without chewing.
Children 6 to 12 years - 1 tablet or 1 tablespoon of the suspension in the first liquid stool followed by 1 tablet after each bowel movement.During the day, no more than 6 tablets
Children from 3 to 6 years old - ½ tablespoon of slurry in a similar way, but not more than 7 receptions for a day.

Contraindications:
- ileus
- are allergic to components of the drug
- Children under 3 years
- tablets should not be given to children under 6 years

Neointestopan tablets 0.63 g Adults - 4 after pillonset of diarrhea and 2 tablets after each act of defecation with diarrhea.The day of not more than 14 tablets.
Children 6 to 12 years - an initial dose of 2 tablets 1 tablet in the future after each emptying.At day 7, no more pills.

permissible duration of administration of these drugs - 2 days.

Enterodez (Valium). powder in bags of 5 g for the preparation of oral solution
has good tolerability and effect slows the chair.In acute infectious diarrhea is acceptable in complex treatment.Treatment of diarrhea this preparation can be carried out up to 5-7 days.
Take 1-2 hours after ingestion of food or other drugs.Dilute 2.5 grams in 50 ml of cold boiled water.
Adults - 100 ml 1-3 times a day.
children over 1 year old - 0.3 g per kg of body weight per day.
Age Child:
1-3, 50 ml, 2 times a day
4-6 years 50 ml 3 times
7-10 years, 100 ml, 2 times
11-14 years 100 ml 3 times

Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to the drug.

Polyphepan. product processing lignin, a component of wood.Available in powder form for oral administration of 10, 50, 100, 250 has the advantage of acute infectious diarrhea due to good tolerability, as well as disorders in children chair .
drug is taken 1 hour before meals and taking other medicines, stir powder into 50-100 ml of water.
Adults - 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
Infants - 0,5-1 teaspoon.
1-7 years - 1 teaspoon.
From 7 years and older - 1 tablespoon 3-4 times.
Duration of treatment - 3-5 days

Contraindications:
- idiosyncrasy drug
-
atony intestines - gastritis with reduced acid production
- exacerbation of gastric ulcers and 12 duodenal ulcer

Probiotics. contain microorganisms (bacteria, yeast) that can inhibit the growth of pathogenic and opportunistic bacteria and fungi in the intestinal lumen, normalizing its own flora and eliminating the frustration of a chair.

Enterol (gelatin capsules of 250 mg).The dried cells of the yeast fungus Saccharomyces genus.
is used for the treatment of acute infectious diarrhea (eg, rotavirus), diarrhea that developed in patients receiving antibiotics, traveler's diarrhea.
Adults and children over 3 years - 1-2 capsules 2 times a day for 7-10 days.
Children from 1 year to 3 years - 1 capsule 2 times for 5 days.
Take 1 hour before meals with a little liquid.
If necessary, the capsule can open and take the contents of cold water.

Contraindications:
- up to 1 year
- hypersensitivity to the drug
- central venous catheter

Linex (280 mg capsule).Composition comprises bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, enterococci in powder form for ingestion.Indications
the same as that of the drug enterol.Allowed the use of this medicine to infants.
Adults - 2 capsules 3 times a day, with a small amount of liquid.
Infants and children up to 2 years - 1 capsule 3 times a day.It is possible to open the capsule and dissolved in a small amount of liquid (water, tea, juice).
Children from 2 to 12 years 1-2 capsules 3 times a day.

drug does not drink hot water and do not drink alcohol.

duration of treatment is adjusted individually, by 10 days or more.
Contraindications: allergic reactions to the drug.

Funds from diarrhea during pregnancy

The means of choice for the treatment of diarrhea in pregnant women is Kaopectate as the most studied and safe drug for the fetus.Under the scheme for adults.The use of smectite lineksa also allowed during pregnancy.The rest of these drugs or poorly understood for routine use during pregnancy or in the studies revealed adverse effects on the fetus.

Folk remedies treat diarrhea

Rice broth.Pour in 150 g rice 1.5 liters of water.Cook over low heat for 20 minutes.Pour the resulting broth, cool.Drink every 2 hours with 100 ml.

decoction of dried blueberries.½ cup blueberries pour 300 ml of water, boil for 10 minutes.Take ½ cup 3 times a day.

Broth wild cherry fruit.1 tbsp.spoon wild cherry fruit pour a glass of water.Boil for 10 minutes, cool, drink ½ cup 3 times a day.

should be remembered that the above-mentioned drugs - a means of emergency self-help, they can delay the time for medical consultation, mandatory if the trend towards normalization of stool there for 2 days.

When should you seek medical advice immediately, without trying to treat yourself:

- diarrhea persists and does not decrease after 48 hours
- stool frequency is more than 6 times a day
- in the faeces contains an admixture of mucus or blood
- bowel movements are black, tarry color
- the temperature rise above 38,5
- severe abdominal pain
- age 70 years and older
- developed diarrhea after taking antibiotics
- there are signs of dehydration (thirst, dry mouth, musclecramps, dizziness, dark yellow color of the urine voiding or lack of a 5 hours).

therapists S.E.V.