Mint useful properties and contraindications

May 10, 2016 23:00 | Drug Plants

family Labiatae (Lamiaceae) - Lamiaceae

generic name given by the name of the mythical nymph that fairy Proserpine transformed into a plant.

mint Types

Mentha crispa: spearmint

Mentha xpiperita: Peppermint with purple and pink or white flowers.The specific definition of "pepper" comes from the Latin piper - pepper and given because of the burning taste of the leaves.

Mentha X piperita citrata: mint lemon

Mentha spicata: mint green

Mentha suaveolens: mint apple

Mentha suaveolens "Bowels": mint pineapple

Botanical description. Perennial herb with horizontal creeping rhizome and fine adventitious roots.Stems are erect, quadrangular, oppositely branched, up to 100 cm. The leaves are diagonally opposite, are short, ovate-oblong with serrated edges.The flowers are small, reddish-purple, collected at the top of the stem polumutovkami that are close together and form a spike-like inflorescences.Unlike other Lamiaceae they bilabiate and almost correct.Quinquedentate Calyx, coroll

a with obtuse four- or five-blade contour.The blades are rounded.Stamens four, two of which are shorter than the others.Pestle with one dvurassechennym stigma, ovary superior, chetyrehlopastnym.

blooms from late June to September.Almost sterile flowers fruits and so normally no.Very rarely the fruit is formed, consisting of four nevyzrevshie nuts.The whole plant has a strong, peculiar odor.

Geographical distribution.
Peppermint anywhere in the wild is not growing.It is a hybrid bred in the XVII century in England, probably by crossing a water mint - Mentha aquatica L. Koloskova with mint - Mentha spicata Huds.or green - Mentha viridis L. Like all hybrids, propagated vegetatively - segments of rhizomes, cuttings less.If the seeds are formed (which is rare), they give the plants, which are quite different from the mother, and almost do not contain menthol.

mint culture is carried out in specialized farms of medicinal plants.
Occasionally cultivated in gardens as an pryanovkusovoe plant.

In our country, launched a number of new varieties of mint, resistant to frost and hardly prone to fungal diseases.This hybrid vysokomentolny number 541, 323 and 324 with high resistance to rust, number 6-29, and 6-30, with high cold tolerance and resistance to rust.Most cultivated varieties "Perpetua" and "Multimenta".The leaves are harvested with stems in dry weather in the afternoon from June until August.

collection and drying. have mint, like other Essential Oils, essential oil accumulation occurs with the growth of leaves.When their growth stops, begins the oxidation (resinification) and evaporation of oil, making its content decreases.The best period of the harvest is a time when half of the flowers blossomed in the inflorescences, while others are still in the budding stage.

Plants mow mowers or harvesters and often dried directly in the field.Harvest produce after the dew has dried, in good weather.After drying threshed and grass stalks discarded (previously collected only leaves that was separated, dried plants peretryahivaya forks).

used as dry and fresh grass To obtain the essential oil.In the latter case, the menthol content higher oil yield but somewhat smaller.

essential peppermint oil obtained by gidrodistilyatsii (steam distillation).To enhance the menthol content in the terpenoids and other oxygenates subjected to rectification ( "beautification"), removing the hydrocarbon fraction boiling easily.

At home, raw materials collected during flowering, air dried in the shade, in attics or under a canopy.Stored in a dry place.Store in a closed glass container for 2 years.

Peppermint dry contains up to 2% of essential oil and about 40 elements, and tannins, magnesium compounds, flavonoids.The therapeutic effect is mainly essential oil.Beneficial effect on the secretion of bile, causes appetite, improves the breath and moderately helps with diarrhea and cramps.Use mint and antiseptic effect, improve it, and the taste of tea.Mint - a component of tea blends ( "Alvisan", "Betulan", "Children's tea" and others.).Mint finds its use in the kitchen as part of other spices for stuffing, stuffing, marinating meats and kebabs, served with cheese, pates, it is added to the liquor and confectionery, in tomato juice, it is often served with sage mutton.Mint is used in cosmetics, for the production of toothpaste, creams, massage creams on the rash.

A istya mint are part of various fees.

In gastritis with increased secretion: crushed mint leaves, 15 g, 2 g bobovika, flower baskets yarrow, 15 g, 30 g herb St. John's wort;2 tbsp.l.mixture pour 2 cups boiling water, floating for 2 hours, filter and take over the entire portion of the day at 1-2 tbsp.l.appointment.

In gastritis with reduced secretory function: 20g mint leaves, ladders Cudweed knotweed and 15 g, 15 g of yarrow flowers, chamomile flowers, fennel seeds, caraway seeds, valerian root 10 g, 5 g of hops mixture was stirred and 4Art.l.pour 1 liter of boiled water in the oven for 10 hours. In the morning on an empty stomach drink 1 cup, then 1 cup of 2 hours during the day.

Therapeutic Activity mint peppermint due to a complex of biologically active substances, among which are of prime importance menthol, belonging to the group of terpenes and having a characteristic of this group of substances irritating, anesthetic and antiseptic properties.

Irritability menthol selective.Primarily thermoreceptors irritated skin and mucous membranes, and this causes the cooling sensation, which is accompanied by a reflex vasoconstriction and then developed burning, after which comes a light anesthesia.

As an external agent infusion of peppermint used for rinsing the mouth, with bad breath, for baths, washing and compresses when itchy eczema and neurodermatitis.The therapeutic effect in these cases can significantly enhance the simultaneous oral administration of infusion (half a cup 4 times a day).

When bad breath Bulgarian doctors recommend to rinse the mouth with infusion of mint and red wine while I take this infusion inside of 1 tablespoon 2-3 times a day.

Fresh mint leaves are applied to the forehead with a severe headache, and the juice of fresh leaves nspolzuyut to lubricate skin areas affected by uncomplicated superficial mycoses.

widely used mint and for oral use.When taking into mint preparations strengthen the secretion of digestive glands, stimulate appetite, speed up the evacuation of gastric and intestinal contents (increase peristalsis), inhibit the processes of putrefaction and fermentation in the gut (are carminative), lower the tone of smooth muscles of the intestine, gall and urinary excretory tract(acting spasmolytic) chologenic enhance liver function and bile flow into the duodenum (interestingly, cholagogue properties of menthol is much inferior to the similar properties of the equivalent amount of mint leaves), show sedative and mild hypotensive effect.

Oral treatment with drugs Peppermint is recommended for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (nausea of ​​various origins, vomiting in pregnancy, intestinal colic, flatulence, catarrhal conditions of the digestive tract, nesvarimost fats and other diseases, accompanied by spasms) and liver (cholecystitis, hepatitis, cholangitisdifferent backgrounds, gallstones and jaundice), with nervous agitation, insomnia and different neurotic states.

Menthol is used as a light reflex vasodilator in angina pectoris, and diseases associated with spasms of cerebral vessels.Mint leaves are part of a carminative, diaphoretic, choleretic, sedative and digestive tea, peppermint oil and menthol is used perse or in herbal remedies and complex medical means.

leaves, buds and essential oil obtained from them are of great economic importance.For example, peppermint oil is used in medicine, food industry (alcoholic beverage and confectionery industry), in perfumes (in the manufacture of tooth powders, toothpastes, toilet soaps, elixirs and so on.).The essential oil and mint leaves with a distinctive spicy flavor and a strong pleasant fragrance is used in cooking to flavor sauces and beverages.Menthol and mint oil exports.

M Yata list of known as the old medicine.Especially widely used in medicine is menthol.His take on a piece of sugar for pain in the heart.Assign the disorder of the gastrointestinal tract.Peppermint oil is used in diseases of the liver and gall bladder.

mint leaves and stems contain an essential oil consisting of menthol, menthone, pinene, dipentene, phellandrene, cineol, pulegone, jasmone and menthol esters of valeric acid and acetic acid.The leaves contain carotene (40 mg%), hesperidin, betaine, remnoza, glucose, and mellisinovaya ursolic, and oleanolic acid lenolevaya.

Peppermint oil has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, causes local vasoconstriction, reduces skin itching, reflexively dilates blood vessels of the heart, brain and lungs.

ingestion increases appetite, reduces nausea, vomiting, hiccups, increases salivation, intestinal peristalsis, has a carminative, disinfecting, deodorizing and refreshing effect.Menthol relieves spasm of the bile ducts, facilitating the separation of bile.

peppermint leaves are consumed for broadcasting, peppermint oil and menthol, as well as in its pure form as a part of fees for the preparation of infusions and tinctures.

peppermint preparations are part of validol, korvalola, valokordin, Zelenin drops that are applied in cases involving spasms of the coronary vessels, smooth muscle (liver, kidney, intestinal colic, nausea, uncontrollable vomiting, motion sickness).

Menthol in mixture with petroleum jelly (Vaseline oil) used in rhinitis, meningitis, pharyngitis;in a mixture of paraffin - in the form of pencils for rubbing in migraine.

in Chinese medicine as a choleretic, carminative, anti-inflammatory, deodorant, diaphoretic and mestnoanasteziruyuschego used drug mint;mint herb referred to as "eye grass";its oil is recommended for eyewash.

In folk medicine, peppermint is used for the treatment of cardiac, pulmonary diseases, especially after bleeding from the lungs, as a sedative for nervous (hypochondria, hysteria), as a tonic with loss of strength.A decoction of herbs drink with abdominal pain, diarrhea, cough, pain in the heart, nausea, heartburn, chronic nephritis in combination with others. Drugs, cholera, rheumatism, as a diuretic, diaphoretic, cough and soothes toothache.used as a sedative, anticonvulsant and improves appetite means in the form of water hot infusion.

Peppermint is used for gastritis, with increased gastric acidity.In such cases, applicable: peppermint leaves - 15 grams, almond -2 t, yarrow flowers - 15 g of fennel seeds - 15 g herb St. John's wort - in '30 Two Art.spoon mixture pour 2 cups boiling water, floating for 2 hours, filter and take sips throughout the day.

mint leaves consumed with heavy menstruation, diseases of diarrhea, hemorrhoids, as well as the high-speed external agent with a severe headache (it is necessary to apply to the forehead fresh leaves), with burns green leaves is applied through the canvas cloth.

A similar therapeutic use is in the people and water mint, not unlike pepper, is the fact that the height of its lower and it grows in damp places.

The people and peppermint, spearmint and water are indoor and outdoor use with rickets and scrofula (in children), or in the form of drops of tincture or juice into the (drip sugar) or decoctions (bath).

Mint oil is part of the tooth powder, toothpaste, and is also used in the alcoholic beverage and confectionery.

When bleeding from the lungs to successfully apply a simple decoction of mint, and with bloody vomit - a decoction of vinegar.

Broth: 5 to 20 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.

vinegar Broth: 20 g per 200 ml;for 2.1 h. spoons 1-2 times a day.

Infusion: 20 g of leaves to 500 ml of boiling water, insist 2 hours and allow to drink to the patient.

tincture 15 th or 30%: 15-40 drops 3 times a day.

Broth for baths and enemas: 50 g per bucket of water or 1- 2 tbsp.spoon of tincture of a bucket of water.

tea carminative and cholagogue: 1 h. Spoon herb brew as a tea, take 1/2 cup 2 times a day.

Tea stomach:. 1 teaspoon per cup of boiling water, brewed as a tea, take 2-3 tbsp.spoon for 30 minutes before eating.

Powder: 3-4 pinches of 1-2 times a day with water.

Mint tea:

1. Mint leaves and sea buckthorn 1: 1.1 handful of leaves 3-5 of boiling water, leave for 5-6 hours, drain, add 0.5 cups of honey, cool.

Healing properties: tonic drink.

2. mint leaves and cranberries, green tea - 1: 1: 3.Brew and drink tea as a regular.

Medicinal properties: the same.

3. Casting mint, black currant, raspberry -1: 1: 1.Brew and drink tea as a regular.

Medicinal properties: the same.

4.1 h .. shredded leaves at 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 5 minutes.To drink with honey or sugar.Healing properties: soothing drink.

5. Mint leaves, black tea - 1: 3.Brew and drink as tea.A drink with a pleasant smell.Relieves headache.

Medicinal properties: the same.

6. Leaves of mint, oregano and herb St. John's wort - a 1: 1: 1.1 hr .. dry mix 1 tbsp.boiling water, leave for 5-8 minutes.To drink with sugar, xylitol, honey, jam.

Healing properties: too.

Balm Tea: dried peppermint leaves, chamomile flowers, dried, Georgian tea 5 g per 1 tbsp.boiling water.The mixture in a porcelain teapot pour boiling water, infuse 5 to 8 minutes.

Medicinal properties: the same.

essential peppermint oil and menthol contained therein when applied topically irritate the skin and mucous membranes, there is a sensation of cold, light burning and stinging, followed by heat.This is due to irritation of sensitive skin receptors and local hyperemia.For internal use of peppermint drugs increase intestinal motility and cause congestion of internal organs, have antispasmodic, choleretic, carminative, deodorant and anti-emetic effect.As choleretic and antinauseants means use an infusion of mint leaves at the rate of 5 g of raw material per 200 ml of water.Assign 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.

Tincture mint, used as an anesthetic for neuralgic pain, and an antiemetic, is an alcoholic solution of mint oil (1:20), tinted chlorophyll.Appoint 10-15 drops to a reception.

Mint Water - Aqua Menthae used to improve the taste of medicines, mouthwash as a deodorant.

Menthol is a member of various drugs, dental drops, paste, powder, etc.

collection

required:..

2 tbsp.spoons of leaves mother and stepmother, 1 tbsp.spoon elecampane and licorice root, peppermint grass and Cudweed, 250 ml of water.

Method.

plant components dry and chop.1 tbsp.spoon mixture pour boiling water, to insist for 1 hour, drain ..

application method.

Take 1/2 cup 3 times a day.

lotion with peppermint from depriving

Wanted:

3 tbsp.tablespoons herb peppermint, 250 ml of water.

Method.

Pour boiling water over the grass mint, infuse 1 hour, drain.

application method.

Moisten a gauze cloth in the infusion and apply to the affected sites.

Mint tincture when intoxicated

Wanted:

1 teaspoon of peppermint leaves, 1 cup of vodka.

Method.

To prepare the tincture of dried mint leaves pour vodka, insist 1 week, then strain.

application method.

for sobering need to dilute 20 drops of tincture of peppermint in 1 cup of cold water and drink.

Tincture

Required: 1 tbsp.l.dry crushed peppermint leaves, 1 liter of beer.