Mustard oil beneficial properties
There are three varieties of mustard, the seeds of which are used seasoning.The first two - closely related plants: Brassica nigra, or black mustard (home, probably, the Middle East), and Brassica juncea, or brown mustard (home, probably China and India).It their seeds are processed and the resulting product is used for medical purposes.The third type - it Sinapis alba, also known as Brassica alba, or white mustard (birthplace -Sredizemnomore).It is grown for seeds for cultivation of mustard and cress.They all belong to the family of Cruciferae.In place of flowers then appear smooth, erect pods containing seeds.B. nigra - the largest species, reaching 2.4 m in height.These three varieties of mustard are found all over the world.
Mustard seeds found in ancient Egyptian tombs, along with other offerings, such as coriander seeds, parsley, and lotus.Seeds and plant itself are mentioned in the inscriptions on the stele in the papyri texts relating to the period of the first dynasty of pharaohs of Egypt.In Sa
Britain and France to this day famous for its mustard.Convent of Saint-Germain-des-Prés famous because already 10OO years local monks cultivated mustard.This plant in 1336 with produce and consume in Burgundy.In 1634 Dijon were granted exclusive rights for the production of mustard.In Britain, the mustard is known since the days of Roman rule.Center for its production of Shakespeare's time was Tewkesbury.At the beginning of the XVIII century.an important center of production became Durham, and 100 years later with the advent of in the field of a Jeremiah Colman mustard British industry was concentrated in Norwich and East Anglia.
White mustard and black mustard (Sinapis alba L., Brassica nigra (L.) Koch)
Both - annual plant of the cabbage family, white mustard plant is lower (50-80 cm), black reaches a height of up to 1.5m.
Flowers yellow, fruit - pod with small round seeds, in black - black or dark brown, and the white - light yellow.
homeland of this plant is considered to be Central Asia and Northern India, and now its range extends from Western Europe to the Himalayas and Japan, it is cultivated on the African continent and in North America.
seeds contain 35% fatty oil, 3.5% essential oil in black and about 1% - in white.
mustard greens (Brassica juncea (L.) Gzem)
mustard greens, or Russian - an annual herbaceous plant of the cabbage family, which reaches a height of 50-100 meters, with branched stems, light green leaves and small yellow flowers.Flowers in May, fruits ripen in June.Fruit - pod with small linear ball-shaped black and blue-gray, brown seeds.This hybrid colza and black mustard.This kind of mustard gets its name because the first time on the territory of Russian mustard oil was obtained in 1810 in the city of Sarepta (near Tsaritsyn), now Krasnoarmeisk Saratov province.For the first time in Europe there was put mustard oil mill, processing the seeds of this plant.Mustard is widespread in India, Japan, China, where there is a great diversity of varieties and forms.As weed sareptskaya mustard is found in crops near the housing in the European part of Russia, Siberia, the Far East, the Caucasus, in Central Asia.Cultivate it in Kyrgyzstan, the Lower Volga and the North Caucasus.
Ways to use
In the Middle Ages preference for white mustard as a more gentle and less burning.And now white mustard seeds are used mainly as oil-bearing raw materials, while the black seeds find wider application.White mustard seeds are used in various diseases: vascular sclerosis, hypertension, diseases of the liver and gall bladder, digestive disorders, flatulence, rheumatism, sciatica, skin eczema.
white mustard seeds have a sweet and spicy taste, black - very sharp, astringent taste reminiscent of horseradish.White mustard is used whole, or in the form of a hammer in the canning industry and the household.Black - mainly in the pharmaceutical industry for the manufacture of a variety of herbal medicines and mustard plasters, mustard oil is used in soap making.
mustard seeds used in canning vegetables, mushrooms, fish, cooking of cabbage and red cabbage.But the greatest number of seeds is in the preparation of mustard.Every producer, depending on the spices used, gets a taste of mustard.There are two main types - French mustard and horseradish.Mustard with horseradish is made from a mixture of black and white seeds of mustard, meal or crushed.
Dining mustard is prepared from the seeds of black mustard.To this end, 50 g mustard powder, pour 60 ml of boiling water and stir it follows that there are no lumps.More gradually pour 125 g of water, stirring is not that the water stayed on top of slurry.Let stand for 7-12 hours - thus disappears bitterness and a strong smell of mustard.Then drain the water, gruel to add 1 tablespoon sugar, 1/2 teaspoon salt and, stirring constantly, another 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil and 2 tablespoons of vinegar.
Taste of prepared mustard can be varied by adding other seasonings: an infusion of ground cloves and black pepper, nutmeg or cardamom.
Before use, give mustard settle and ferment for another 2-3 days.Store in a tightly closed glass container in a cool and dark place.
Mustard added to mayonnaise, sauces for filling a variety of salads.Serve liver meat, sausages, boiled sausages, poultry, tongue, ham, served as a warm and cold.
fresh mustard leaves have a delicate flavor and contain a lot of vitamin C, so it is diluted as the hasty salad plant in the open field and greenhouse.The mustard seeds contain 23-27% fatty oil, which is used in cookery, bakery and confectionery industry, as well as in the textile and soap industries.From low-fat seeds tablespoon prepared mustard.In the treatment of the powder with warm water (not above 50 ° C) is in a special mustard enzyme cleaves mirozin sinigrin glucose, potassium hydrogen sulphate and Allyl Mustard Oil.That makes it a specific burning taste of mustard.
Mustard stimulates the appetite, enhances the secretion of gastric juice and improve digestion with its lethargy and a tendency to constipation.However, it is not recommended to use mustard for kidney disease and pulmonary tuberculosis.
For colds, pleurisy, rheumatism, radiculitis is generally used mustard, while cooling and the first sign of a cold do mustard foot bath (2 tablespoons per bucket of water).When
arthritis, rheumatic pain: 100 g of alcohol to dissolve the 50 g of the camphor, and then 50 g of mustard powder.Separately, whip the egg whites 100 g and connect both composition.Rub into the affected area before bedtime.
fitontsidnymi Thanks to the strong action of mustard used in the food industry for the storage of perishable products.In domestic mustard powder is a good detergent, wash it with a solution of glass and enamel ware, wash it woolens.To 100 g of this powder was dissolved in a small amount of lukewarm water and then stirred in a solution of a bucket of water and allowed to settle.The water temperature for washing should be no more than 45.
mustard powder can be prepared in an effective mask for aging skin pale.1 teaspoon dry mustard dissolve 1 teaspoon of water and 2 teaspoons of vegetable oil.Keep this mask on your face should be no more than 5 minutes.Then rinse it with warm first, followed by cold water.Then apply to the face or the daily moisturizer appropriate to skin type.
In cooking, cook mustard lot of sauces, which are served to the sausages, fish, poultry, cold boiled or grilled meat.For example one which was prepared in the old days: 1 large glass of - prepared mustard, raw egg yolks, white table wine, vinegar (5%), broth, melted butter, sugar (for those who do not like sweets, the amount of sugar canhalved) folded into an enamel pan.Thoroughly mix, salt to taste, put on fire and boil, stirring constantly, until thick (but do not boil).Cool.This sauce can be kept in the cold for quite some time.
no less tasty mustard with honey to the recipe of our grandmothers: dry mustard powder mixed with an equal amount of honey mixed thoroughly and well rubbing the resulting mixture, gradually add warm to 50 ° C, vinegar (5%) until a mass of desired thickness.Tightly close the lid and leave for a week.Mustard so tasty, the longer it rub.
Mustard Honey promotes the excretion of toxic substances, improve kidney function, is used as a diuretic.
description.The mustard seeds contain from 30 to 35% oil.Before distillation, the seeds should be crushed and soaked in warm water to the fermentation as a result of oil exudation.The fact that so-called mustard oils, or isothiocyanates, into living plant inactive.Only then, when the tissue is destroyed and soaked with moisture, enzymes secrete oil.
essential oil is very liquid, almost colorless, a little pay-off to yellowness.The aroma is very spicy, strong, from which eyes water (and from horseradish).In daylight, the oil becomes a reddish-brown color and leaves the fat layer on the inner walls of the container.
main components: allyl isothiocyanate (allilsenevol).
Caution.This essential oil is not easy to get.It is very strong, and there were many cases where the violation of proportions on the skin appeared burns.Those who suffer from nervous disorders or allergies, its use is contraindicated, since it can lead to a deterioration of the skin.
therapeutic purposes.Oil is used externally for neuralgia and pains due to rheumatism, sciatica and lumbago.If you believe that harmful effects will not, rub a small amount of oil is massaged into the affected area of the skin for several days.Relief will come very quickly.(According to the theory as a result of irritating effect of mustard on the skin blood rushes to the surface, and inflammation in the deeper layer of subcutaneous tissue is reduced.) You get the same effect if pounded to a paste the consistency of fresh mustard seeds to cause a poultice.It is also used for coughs, colds, lung diseases.If you are too lazy to mess with it, get mustard powder.
Try not to handle the mustard oil skin around the eyes, as in contact with the oil in the eye strong cramps begin.If you do not guard themselves, wash the eyes with cold water and apply a compress with chamomile or rose.
In the UK and France have long been taking foot baths with mustard.In the US, a paste of mustard seeds and other components sold as a warming foot cream skiers and walkers athletes.
In cooking, use only the seeds (edible, however, and leaves).Green South American mustard comes from the African species.Most seed pounded and ground to a powder and prepared mustard different varieties.In that, the dark, the shell is maintained on the seeds.Mustard has long been seasoned meat, to hide the traces of a probable damage.However, the seeds have antiseptic properties and are therefore placed in a pickle.Mustard seed oil and is widely used in Indian cuisine.
method for preparing a dry English mustard: mix with cold water (hot inactivates enzymes), hold for 10 minutes, to corrosives out of oil.If mustard is put into the food during cooking, then it should be added at a late stage and gradually.