Useful properties of pistachios
pistachio (Pistaica vera L.) - tree or shrub of the family sumach with canopy, like a hemisphere, imparipinnate leaves and flowers, gathered in panicles.Fruit -odnosemyannaya drupe with a hard shell and a soft core.It blooms in spring, the fruits ripen in July-September.
Homeland pistachio culture - Syria.At the end of the III century BC, the modern name of the plant appeared in Greece.Currently, the major importers of nuts are countries such as Syria, Iran, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Afghanistan.And pistachios cultivated in Turkey are superior to the others on the taste characteristics.
On the Mediterranean coast culture pistachio figures prominently in the present time.In Europe, it became known after the campaigns of Alexander the Great.In the wild pistachio growing in the south of Central Asia, where because of the heat and dryness is almost no other trees, and in the Caucasus, it grows on rocky slopes of the foothills.Cultivate it also in the Crimea.
Nutritional value per 100 g, 20.8
Below nutrient content (calorie, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) per 100 g of edible portion.
Nutritional Value Calories 556.3 kcal Protein 20 g
Fat 50 g Carbohydrates 7 g
Dietary Fiber 0.3 g
Water 9 g
mono- and di-saccharides
2 g Starch 50 g
ash 3 g
Vitamin PP 10 mg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 1 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 0.2 mg
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic)
1 mg Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is 0.5mg
Vitamin B9 (folic) 40 mcg
Vitamin E (TE) 6 mg
Vitamin H (biotin) 10 mcg
Vitamin PP (niacin equivalent) 13.32 mg Choline 90 mg
Macronutrients Calcium 250 mg Magnesium 200 mg
Sodium 25 mg Potassium 600 mg
Phosphorus400 mg 30 mg Chlorine
Sulfur 100 mg
60 mg Zinc 2.8 mg Iodine 10 mcg
Copper 500 mcg
Manganese 3.8 mg Selenium 19 mcg
Molybdenum 25 mcg
Bor 200 mcg
Vanadium 170 mcg
Silicon 50 mg
5 micrograms to 40 micrograms
Tin 35 mcg 45 mcg
Strontium 200 mg
Zirconium Aluminium 25 mcg
Pistachio Energy value is 556.3 kcal.
Pistachios have a high calorie content combined with a high content of essential human vitamins, minerals and amino acids.They contain a lot of vitamin E, a known natural antioxidant, rejuvenating the body.
Fruits pistachios contains tannin, which is used in medicine as an astringent, used topically for burns, weeping sores, a mouthwash in stomatitis;inside - with colitis, enemas - with an inflammation of the rectum.When poisoning is recommended as an antidote for its ability to precipitate heavy metals, glycosides and alkaloids (except morphine, cocaine, atropine, nicotine).In folk medicine, fruits are used in pistachios cachexy, tuberculosis and thoracic diseases.
pistachio nuts or lotion (paste) is recommended to use in hypertension, tuberculosis, anemia, diseases of the stomach and liver, infertility in men and women, with significant physical and mental stress, as well as during the recovery period after serious infectious diseases and to enhance the potency.They have an analgesic effect for gastric and hepatic colic, antitussive - bronchitis.Applied as a part of various dishes, and in its pure form for 30-40 grams of nuts (you can with honey) at one time, but not more than 100 grams per day.It is recommended to exclude from food oil.
In ancient times the fruits of pistachio are used for medicinal purposes.They are especially popular in Arabic medicine.
Avicenna believed that pistachios strengthen the heart and relieve pain in the liver, and pistachio oil it is recommended to treat liver diseases and as an aid to the normal operation of the heart and digestive activity.
seeds contain in its composition up to 60% of fatty oil, which comprises glycerides of oleic, linoleic and saturated fatty acids, as well as proteins, mineral salts, sugars and tannins.
leaves contain up to 10% of tannins, the Gauls - up to 50%.
In modern medicine, the fruit of the pistachio is used as a strengthening agent for breakdown, tuberculosis, anemia.They have a stimulating effect and contributed to increasing the potency.Tannins contained in the nucleus, bind and precipitate heavy metals, many toxic substances, so they are used in acute poisoning with salts of heavy metals and poisonous plants.
In folk medicine the seeds are used as an anesthetic for hepatic and intestinal colic as antiemetic, antitussive, and as a means of improving heart function and helps produce sperm.Consumption them useful for infertility in men and women, and especially the need for malnourished patients and patients who have undergone serious operations.
Effective use of pistachios for weakened patients after pneumonia, flu, sore throat and other serious infectious diseases.2-3 tablespoons of finely ground seeds pour 1.5 cups hot water, infuse 30-40 minutes.Take 2 tablespoons 3-4 times daily before meals.
Fruits pistachios are required for brain and heart during a heartbeat, vomiting, nausea, and as a means of opening the blockage of the liver.Thin-skinned fruit cleanses liver moves favorably affects life expectancy.Seeds Pistachios help with considerable physical and mental stress.
locals in Central Asia for centuries believe that nuts are granted to people vigor and longevity, so pistachio fondly called the tree of life.
According to the author "Mahzan-uladviya" Muhammad Hussein, Pistachio kernels are useful for the brain and heart, and help in jaundice.
When diarrhea in children, the treatment of chronic gastritis and colitis, dysentery in adults used a decoction or tea from the Gauls.In modern medicine, from the Gauls pistachios get tannin, used topically for the treatment of burns, wounds festering, weeping sores and rinse inflamed gums, throat and nasal cavity.In addition, tannin is used in cases of poisoning alkaloids and salts of heavy metals.It is part of the preparations: neoanuzol (candles), Tanalbin, tanoform, tanismut, tansas, of the antiseptic liquid Novikov and others.
In today's folk medicine nuts are used in tuberculosis, exhaustion and anemia.From growths on the leaves of pistachio nuts (galls), which contains up to 50% tannins, get medical tannin -vyazhuschee and anti-inflammatory agent, which is used topically to treat burns, bedsores, weeping ulcers, and as a gargle for inflammation of the gums and mucous membranes of the mouth, throat and nose.Tannin is used in acute poisoning with salts of heavy metals and poisonous plants, it is administered as an antidote to the stomach, preventing absorption of toxins.
in pistachio nuts contains potassium, phosphorus and magnesium.This combination of chemical elements pistachio contributes to lowering blood pressure.When hypertension is recommended daily or 3-4 times a week to eat 200 g of pistachio nuts.
decoction of peel pistachio kernels recommended in folk medicine as a remedy for dysentery.Put 2 handfuls of husks 0.5 liters of water, bring to a boil and simmer without a lid for 15 minutes.Slightly cool, strain and slowly drink the entire dose at once in the middle of the day.The procedure was repeated in the evening.
According to American researchers, the daily consumption of 200 400 g pistachio nuts helps people suffering from alcoholism, much faster to gain control over his addictions.
In folk medicine the seeds pistachios used as an aid to the development of sperm.
Recipes of traditional medicine
is recommended to drink a decoction of the peel of pistachio nuts.Pour 2 handfuls of walnut husk 1/2 liter of water, bring to a boil and cook on low heat in a saucepan without a lid for 15 minutes.After that, a little cool, strain and slowly drink a decoction of the whole at once.If necessary, repeat the procedure.
daily eat fruits pistachios - it reduces the craving for alcohol.
Pistachios in cooking
In cooking, pistachios used in grated or crushed form (halves) in the manufacture of cakes, creams, ice cream, marzipan, as well as for decorating confectionery.Pistachio nuts are very tasty, eat them fresh.An exquisite delicacy roasted salted pistachios.They are added to salads, and salt.
very valuable and non-drying pistachio oil, which is used in confectionery and sausage production.From fruits pistachios make a coffee substitute.
Lemon souffle with pistachio
Tartlets with pineapple and pistachio
Chicken balls with pistachios and almondsmindalyaperetstemperature
Saw (pilaf) with raisins and pistachios
Pistachio ice cream "Festive»
Pistachio has not recommended to those who have observed idiosyncrasy nuts.The consumption of copious amounts of fruits can cause hives.Cause an allergic reaction is the high content of proteins in seeds.
general pistachios do not contain any harmful impurities and additives, and even the processing technology is built in such a way that preserves the integrity of the shell that protects the nuts from any accidental contamination.For this reason, be sure to include them in different dietary menu.