Cranberry useful properties and contraindications

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

heather family - Ericaceae

generic name is formed from two Greek words: oxys - sour and kokkos - ball and characterize the taste and shape of the fruit cranberry .

Species definition is translated from Latin means "marsh" in the place of growth.

in September-October on the marshy areas of central Russia and in the tundra can be seen scattered ruby ​​red cranberries.This is one of the most useful medicinal and food plants of our country.

Cranberry - creeping evergreen shrub with thin stems and raises knotty short shoots.Leaves - alternate, egg-shaped, small, leathery.The edges them slightly wrapped down.Top leaves are dark green, the bottom - bluish-gray-blue.The flowers are red, on long stalks, are collected in umbellate inflorescences.Cranberry Fruit - dark red juicy berry, ripening in September and October.Distributed in the cold and temperate zones of North America and Russia.

amazing picture cranberry bog is when autumn sometimes matures, this king-berry.Traditional green moss becomes a back

drop for burning, as if glowing ruby ​​berries.Among the large size of a dime, the fruit is visible abundant scattering of small things, if indeed someone knocked over a basket of berries and gather wood.And no wonder.No matter how tasty and useful berry cranberries, collect it hard: falls gently on Berry "catch" it from the soft mossy undergrowth, which is not visible and its thin creeping stem.

hard, but the work is worth it.Because cranberry is good everywhere and jelly, and jam, and cakes as a filling.She goes on juice and kvass, jelly and syrup.But for me it is best to eat it just like that, stretching his mouth ruby ​​balls.Here they are, then certainly "explode" a refreshing, slightly bitter acid.

This marsh resident can collect all the autumn, as long as the snow does not lie.A fresh preserved it almost all year round and a little behind other berries on the content of useful substances.It contains a whole range of organic acids - quinic, citric acid, malic acid, glycolic acid, oxalic acid, benzoic acid, chlorogenic, ursulovaya;it has vitamins C, B2, P, carotene, essential oil, sugar, pectin.

Fruits cranberries have styptic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect, they promote rapid healing of wounds.Cranberry - a great way to strengthen the gums, it contributes to the rapid removal of toxins from the body.Its berries in any quantity recommended for use with allergies.

Cranberries have a beneficial effect for cardiovascular diseases - atherosclerosis, hypertension, vascular spasm, thrombophlebitis.They are useful for gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice, diarrhea, heartburn, infectious diseases of the bladder.Use them, and in diseases of the kidneys and liver, especially in purulent inflammation of the kidneys, when not helping antibiotics.Cranberries not only calms inflammation in the bladder, but also promotes the removal of stones from it, prevents the formation of kidney stones.

Cranberry juice perfectly quenches thirst during fever.Use it for sore throat, colds, edema, skin diseases, such as dry eczema, scrofula, exudative processes.Use it for the treatment and prevention of gynecological diseases.It heals wounds, burns.It is believed that cranberries can serve as a prophylactic agent in malignant tumors.

The cranberries contain a lot of organic acids, as well as sugar, colorants, glycoside vaktsinin.Cranberry juice is refreshing and good thirst quencher.It has been found stimulating effect of cranberries on the pancreas.

high content of benzoic acid in cranberries gives it antibacterial properties.Therefore, it can be stored for long periods without preservation.

Botanical description .Evergreen shrub with creeping and rooting thin reddish stems, the length of which reaches up to 100 cm (usually 30-50 cm).The leaves are alternate, ovate, leathery, 8-16 mm long, 3-6 mm wide, entire with curled edges down.From above they are dark green, glossy, below - lighter, with blue-bluish waxy coating.Petioles short (about 1 mm).The flowers are drooping, solitary or collected by 2-6 in umbellate inflorescences at the ends of branches last year, pedicels thin, thread-like length 15 to 45 mm out from the axils of scale-like leaves.The flowers have two small linear bracts.Calyx chetyrehrazdelnoy, sepals round, with the cilia.Corolla deep chetyrehrazdelnoy, with curved outwards pinkish-red stakes.Eight stamens, with hairy filaments.Anthers without appendages.Column straight, exserted from corolla few stamens.Fruit - juicy chetyrehgnezdnaya dark red berry, spherical, pear-shaped or oblong-ovate, sour taste.At the top of the remains of berries cup reserved.

Blossoms in May - June, fruits ripen in late August - September and stored in the plants under the snow until spring.

Geographical distribution. Cranberry common in the forest zone of Europe, Asia and North America.To the north it reaches the Arctic Circle (grows abundantly in the forest), the southern border of the species held in northern Italy and Spain.Lots of cranberries in Siberia and the Far East.In Belarus, organized reserves, which are governed by the rules and collection time.

grows in upland sphagnum bogs, extensive moss bogs, pine trees, on the moors.

In the area of ​​coniferous and mixed coniferous-deciduous forests of Europe and Asia in sphagnum bogs grows closer view - small-fruited cranberry -. Oxycoccus microcarpus Turcz, the fruits of which are the same use as that of cranberry chetyrehlepestnoy.

In North America, growing Vaccinium macrocarpon - Oxycoccus macrocarpus (Ait.) Pers, characterized by a large fruit (up to 20 mm in diameter)..In the US and Canada mentioned type is entered into the culture and grown on large areas.

collection and drying. Collect ripe berries in the fall, before the loss of stable snow cover, and early spring.Nival cranberries collected in the spring, almost devoid of vitamin C, although sweeter taste.Harvesting is not permitted "dozarennoy" cranberries, seasoned in attics or under the eaves to the acquisition of color berries, typical of mature.These fruits contain less biologically active substances that have a bitter taste in taste and are characterized by low stability during storage.

Ripe berries are well preserved in fresh form in a few months (in a cool, shaded, well-ventilated place).

medicinal raw materials. Fresh fruits cranberries - Fructus Oxycocci.The figures (GOST 19215- 73): unripe fruit for the autumn collection of no more than 5%, for the spring collection - no more than 8%;fruits with insufficient elasticity and dried damaged, no more than 5% (for the fall harvest) and not more than 10% (for the collection of the spring);other edible fruit berries (cranberries, crowberry, cloudberry, etc.) - not more than 1%;admixture of twigs, stalks, leaves, moss - respectively 0.5% and 1%.Is unacceptable impurity inedible and poisonous fruits of other plants (buckthorn fragile, rhineberry et al.).

chemical composition .Cranberries contain sugar (2,4-4,7%), organic acid (2.8-3.5%), pectin (0,20-1,40%), tannin and coloring matter, vitamins, pentosans, fiber, minerals.Among Sakharov main place is occupied by glucose and fructose, sucrose little.The presence of all the complex organic acids, primarily benzoic (in free and bound forms in the form of a glycoside-vaktsi Niina), explains the high shelf life of fresh fruit during storage.Fruits also promotes stability of cuticular wax coating, which is identified as part of benzoic acid, ethyl acetate, hexanal, pentanol, octanol, a-terpineol, benzyl alcohol, benzyl benzoate and a number of other compounds that may play a protective role against fungi, bacteria and insects.Pectin cranberries have high gelling capacity, it is easy to form insoluble compounds (heh, armor) with heavy and radioactive metals (lead, strontium, cobalt, etc.), Contributing to their detoxification and excretion from the body.

Vitamins cranberries are not rich.In autumn berries contain 8-30 mg / 100 g of vitamin C, traces of carotene and 0.03 mg / 100 g of folic acid.

Berries - a valuable source of flavonoids.The fresh fruit is found (on 100 g crude material) - 180 mg of anthocyanins, 153 mg and 264 mg leucoanthocyanins betel-new.Obtained quercetin, myricetin, giperozid.

Berries are rich in triterpenoids (0.32%), represented mainly ursolic and oleanolic acids.

variety of mineral composition of fruits.The ash leading positions are occupied by potassium, phosphorus, sodium.Among the micronutrients a high content of iron, manganese, aluminum and zinc.Found as nickel, molybdenum, silver, chromium, titanium, gallium, copper.

Leaves cranberries established the presence of the glycoside arbutin and ursolic and oleanolic acids.

action and application. berries cranberries fresh and processed (jam, jam, juice, juice etc.) Improve the functioning of the stomach and intestines, stimulate the activity of digestive glands.In folk medicine used with low acidity of gastric juice.

addition, cranberries and its preparations calming effect, improve sleep, regulate blood pressure, anti-inflammatory effect.For this reason, improves the general condition of patients, disappeared weakness, restore health faster.

Used cranberries also in gastritis with low acidity, with ulcers.

In folk medicine, cranberry juice and syrup used for beriberi and various inflammatory diseases accompanied by fever, help to reduce the temperature.Cranberries are also used with honey for colds, rheumatism, sore throat;eating berries at an elevated pressure of blood leaves used instead of tea and make a thick broth with shortness of breath, berries and leaves - at a reduced gastric acidity, juice from the berries is used in the heat.

juice obtained by squeezing the berries through cheesecloth or a juicer.

cranberries cooked cranberry drink with potato juice.To do this, take 200 grams of peeled potatoes, rub it on a fine grater (better mince) or produced in the juicer, left to sediment starch for 1-2 hours, carefully poured the juice and add the raw cranberry juice (50 g cranberries), add15 g sugar.

Drinks berries are very useful for the treatment of pyelonephritis, ranked second in frequency of disease and often leads to hypertension.

Cranberry Honey Kvass with raisins

1 kg of cranberries, 300 g of honey, 15 g of yeast, 13-15 raisins, 5 water.

moved and washed with cold water and cranberry mash through cheesecloth, squeeze the juice.Marc pour water and boil for about 10 minutes.The broth is filtered, cooled, diluted with raisins in it, add yeast and pressed juice of cranberries and raisins.Within days kvass is kept in a warm place.Then filtered and stored in a refrigerator.Kvass can be poured into bottles.

Chai tea composition and method of preparing it:

Cranberry tea: 1st Class .. leaves in 1 tbsp.boiling water, leave for 30 minutes.To drink with honey as a tea without dosage.

Medicinal properties: used for shortness of breath.

a restorative tea: 10 cranberries and 1 tablespoon of cranberry leaves .. fill a thermos 200 ml of boiling water, real 4 hours, strain.Drink equal portions three times a day.

Healing properties: hypertension, atherosclerosis, gastritis, colitis, metabolic disorders.

Cranberry berry tea: cranberries - 2 cups, sugar - 0.5 cups water - 1 cup.The milled berries add sugar and water, boil, drain.Dilute with water to taste.Drink tea instead.

Healing properties: useful for hypertension.Drinking cranberry contraindicated in gastric ulcer and acute inflammation of the digestive tract.

Juice

Cranberries contain large amounts of organic acids (3-4%), especially citric, than due to their sour taste.Furthermore citric, berries contained as benzoic and ursolic acids, sugars (about 3%), vitamin C, carotene, pectins, flavonoid substances, glycosides, some coloring compounds, volatile, mineral salts, in particular iodine, tannin, anthocyanin, saltpotassium.

A wide range of biologically active substances makes cranberries valuable food and medicinal products.Cranberry juice is prescribed for hypo-and vitamin C. The juice is a diuretic and anti-microbial properties, enhances the secretion of gastric and pancreatic juice.Its use in the treatment of gastritis with low acidity and inflammation of the pancreas.The juice prevents the formation of kidney stones, has a positive effect in diseases of the urinary tract and liver, rheumatism and malaria, has antipyretic effect in fevers of various origins by sweatshop and diuretic action.

University of Wisconsin researchers found that cranberry juice is also rich in flavonoids, as well as grape juice and red wine.

contained in cranberry juice antioxidants prevent the formation of blood clots, and thus are a good means of preventing cardiovascular disease.As a preventive measure it is recommended to drink daily half a liter of cranberry or grape juice.

Doctors say that to effectively purify the blood so-called red foods - cherries, blackberries, red grapes, cranberries, beets, red cabbage.

Yet they recommend one or two times a year to conduct a three-week intake of cranberry juice with honey: in the first week or three times a day, drink 1/2 cup, in the second week - twice a day, in the third - once a day.

In cosmetics, the fruit can be used as whitening and nourishing mask, followed impose a nourishing cream, sour cream or any other fat basis.The mask is applied for 15 minutes.Her

apply 3 to 4 times a week.Cranberries are widely used in food in fresh or pickled form.

It is used for the preparation of syrups, juice, fruit drinks, kvass, jams, pastes, fillings for chocolates, compotes, drinks.Widespread use of cranberry is in the confectionery industry, as well as fruit and berry wine.

Colorants berries used as a food coloring.Very tasty cranberries dressed (in sugar) and cook it is not difficult.

Cranberry juice is used in ginekologichestkih, inflammatory diseases, anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, atherosclerosis and headache, it quenches thirst, raises appetite.

Our physicians to develop health food, it is suggested vitamin drink - a mixture of potato and cranberry juices.Take a fresh potato juice yield stand for one hour starch, juice is poured from the sludge is mixed with cranberry juice beverage, and drink three times a day for I / 4 cup.

cranberry juice mixed with beet (1: 1) is used in vascular spasm and hypertension, cranberry juice and juice - as a refreshing, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory agents and appetizing.Good thirst quencher.Due to the high content of flavonoids cranberry increases the strength and elasticity of the walls of blood capillaries, promotes the absorption of vitamin C in the body.Thus cranberries and products of their processing is recommended for atherosclerosis, hypertension and other diseases characterized by increased permeability and insufficient strength of blood vessel walls.

Ursolic and oleanolic acids have anti-inflammatory, healing and toning effect somewhat.It is shown that when pyelonephritis and cystitis drink made from cranberries, enhance the action of antibiotics and sulfa drugs.Natural and blended (mixed with other fruit or berry juice), cranberry juice - an aid in the treatment of urinary tract infections, are also used to prevent certain types of kidney stones.There is evidence of the usefulness of cranberries in glaucoma (LI Vigorov).

recommend that you assign cranberry juice along with antibiotics in the treatment of obstetric complications, and other inflammatory processes (IM Starovoitova).

Cranberries have a strong antimicrobial action.