Lingonberry useful properties
Lingonberry - evergreen shrub height of 10-30 cm, has a long creeping rhizome, which runs up the erect stems, growing in coniferous forests on wet soils and peat bogs.Stems erect, branched.Leaves cranberries round-elliptical, dark green, leathery on top, covered with dark dots from the bottom glands.The flowers are small, bell-shaped, pale pink, gathered in racemose inflorescences.Blossoms in May-June, ripens in late July, early August.Fruit - juicy, dark red berry, the storage does not deteriorate (due to its content of benzoic acid, a preservative product).Blossoms in May-June.The fruits ripen in August and September.
This evergreen shrub grows in coniferous and mixed forests, sometimes in peat bogs, across the forest zone of Russia, found even in the tundra.
Dosage forms: broth prepared from 3-4 tablespoons of dried leaves of cranberries, which is filled with 300 ml of water at room temperature, boil for 15-20 minutes.Dried leaves can be brewed as a tea.Berries are used fresh glass of fruit a da
Medicinal raw materials are leaves collected before flowering or in early spring from under the snow, red berries with a sweet and sour flavor as they mature.Dried feed in darkened rooms, kept in containers or jars with lids.The dried leaves have no odor, taste of bitter, astringent.
The treatment used mostly leaves, which contain glycosides: Arbutin (5-7%), flavanol (0.5-0.6%), hydroquinone, and eritsinol erikomin, a lot of tannins (14-15%), gallic, ellagic, quinine, and tartaric acid, vitamin C.
Ripe berry cranberries contain up to 7% sugars, mainly glucose and fructose, citric, malic, and benzoic acid, a small amount of tartaric acid, tannins, glycosides - arbutin and vaktsinin,a lot of fiber, vitamin C and carotene trace.Lingonberry is rich in manganese.
lingonberry leaves are like leaves and bearberry have a diuretic, antiseptic and astringent properties.They are used in the form of infusion as a diuretic in nephrolithiasis, rheumatism, gout, gallstones and liver disease, and as an astringent for diseases of the stomach.The leaves are part of the diuretic fees and, although have a diuretic effect, for the treatment of bedwetting in children are ozdorovlyayusche.
Ripe berries have antiseptic, antiscorbutic properties.They are successfully used for diarrhea and other. Indigestion, but also to increase appetite.
addition of benzoic acid, cranberries and contains organic acids - citric and malic, and oxalic acid (diseased kidney disease should be careful).
cranberries also contain sugar, vitamin C (about 20 mg ), carotene, glycosides, arbutin and vatsiinin acting in inflammatory diseases of ureters, and a lot of mineral salts, mainly potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.
Lingonberry is considered to be a medicinal plant, healing and leaves containing biologically active substances, and berries.
cleaning and storage of fruits
Ripening berries cranberries depends on a number of factors. Temperature, rainfall during the growing season, debris site power conditions, water supply, etc. In this connection harvesting calendar dates may be slightly different.Most cultivars cranberries usually gives two crops per season.First, light, it ripens in late July - early August;Second, the main, in late September - early October.Ready for harvesting a crop is considered as 80% of the berries has a flat brown seeds and intense dark red or maroon color.Too early gathering berries lost a significant part of economic crops as fruits do not have time to type his final mass and sub-standard biochemical indicators.Overripe berries lose their ability to store and rapidly deteriorate.At home, you can use them for processing.Dates harvesting berries are determined by the fact, for what purpose they will be used - for sale in the fresh market, processing or long-term storage.
to use fresh berries or long-term storage should be clean in time for when they reach the characteristic top quality class in appearance, color, taste and consistency pulp.Such fruits tolerate transportation, and can be stored in conventional warehouses with fixed temperature control within 2-3 weeks.Berries, intended for processing, removed at a later date.They should be fully mature (degree of coloration of seeds 90-95%).These berries are poorly stored in the non-regulated temperature conditions and bad transported.
cleaned berries cranberries - this is the most time-consuming process when it is growing.It is mainly carried out by hand, since we do not have vehicles adapted for this purpose.Such machines have already been established in Germany and are used in industrial plantations in some West European countries (Italy, the Netherlands, etc.).
collected berries cleaned of debris, sorted and used for further processing or storage.Best of all berries are stored at cold preservation.For this purpose, they are subjected to quick freezing and then stored in refrigerated chambers.Loss in this case, virtually none.At home, the berries can be stored in freezers household refrigerators.For this purpose, they poured into plastic bags which were then sealed and placed in the freezer.The berries are prepared for storage should not be wet.It should be understood that the berries after thawing quickly lose their properties of commodity and therefore it is desirable to use them as quickly as possible.
Requirements: for normal development cranberries require well-lit places with moderate humidity.The soil is best peat, well-aerated.It may be common, but not necessarily with the acidic (pH 3.0-5.0).
Composition: berries contain a set of the most important, essential human substances: sugars, organic acids, including benzoic, thanks to which berries are long stored, vitamins (C, B, E, carotene), pectin and glycoside arbutin.
Landing: cranberries are propagated by seeds, cuttings and subsidiaries rhizomatous plants.Recent provide quality planting material in the shortest possible time.By planting dig a trench depth of 25-30 cm, a width of a conventional ridge and fill its upper or transitional peat with the addition of a large river sand in the ratio of 3: 1 - Optimal groundwater levels of 60-80 cm, must be raised at a higher ridge - to the bottompour 10 to 15 cm of crushed stone, gravel or broken bricks for drainage.Before planting, the soil buried mineral fertilizers: 7 g of ammonium sulfate, 6 g of double superfosfaa and 3 g of potassium sulfate per 1 m2.
Young seedlings with a lump of land planted in the first half of May, with a distance of 25-30 cm between them (per 1 m2 placed no more than 15 bushes) and watered.
foreign varieties are not suitable for the conditions of Central Russia.Worth domestic varieties Kostroma pink Kostromichka and Rubin (have high yields and macrocarpa) and Dutch Coral.
Care: loosening the soil during the summer watering in dry weather (excessive moisture can not tolerate cranberries) and weeding.
Lingonberry may damage the beetles, leaf beetles, caterpillars and leaf-sucker.It is best to collect them by hand or spray the plants infusions tobacco, onion peel and dandelion.Of common diseases eq-zabazidioz and rust.The first leaves, shoots and flowers are pink and swollen ugly.In severe cases the shoots turn brown and dry up.Rust infected leaves, on their upper side formed a reddish-yellow spots on the bottom - yellow and later brown areas of fungus spore-wearing.
Infected shoots should be cut and burn the plants sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid or substitutes.Against rust can try to apply Topaz (1 ampoule of 2 ml per 10 liters of water).
Harvest: maximum harvested from the 3rd year.Berries must be fully ripe.Even fully colored berries have a few days left on the bushes, as they continue to accumulate sugar and other nutrients.Fruits harvested in dry weather.In the fresh form, they can be stored for months in a cool place, flooded with boiling water - in the refrigerator or cellar for a year.
Indications: lingonberry leaves used in the form of decoctions and teas with urolithiasis, gout and cystitis as a diuretic and disinfectant.Berries cranberries used for arthritis exchange origin, rheumatoid arthritis, and gastritis with low acidity.
The official medicine use fresh and dried cranberries leaves.Preparations of them possess astringent, diuretic and choleretic effect, lower blood sugar in diabetes.The infusion and decoction of the leaves are used for kidney stones, cystitis, pyelitis, inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract, bedwetting, gastroenteritis.
In folk medicine often used cranberries berries.They are used to treat rheumatism, anatsidnyh gastritis, tuberculosis, scurvy.A decoction of the berries is very good for fevers.Juice is useful in hypotension and berries improve overall during climacteric neuroses.For external use the juice of berries used in the treatment of skin diseases such as eczema, ringworm and others.
lingonberry leaves contain almost the same drugs as the bearberry leaves, and can be replaced with their success.
Lingonberry has always been popular not only as food, but also a medicinal plant.Previously, cranberries harvested in large quantities as a food berry.The most common way was to soak the berries in water in large tubs.Cranberry water is used as a refreshing drink after a bath or after a rich and plentiful meal, diluted with birch or maple juice or plain water - as a means of protecting from various inflammations and gastrointestinal diseases.Lingonberry extracted from the water - a good supplement to treat or sauerkraut and beets.It is believed that it has a beneficial effect on digestion and protects against a variety of diseases.
cranberry water is used by burn, overheating in the sun, drink it hot as a diaphoretic, antipyretic, pain in the joints, rinse the throat with tonsillitis and other inflammation, in diluted form is used for cooling compresses, sometimes washing varicose wounds.
Lithuania cranberry prepare virintas - diluted honey, digested with cranberry juice.It is considered a delicacy and a drug.For colds, aching bones take 2-3 tablespoons hot water virintasa mug and drink very quickly.This causes perspiration.When hoarseness, bronchitis, shortness of breath, too virintas diluted with hot water, but drink slowly lengthy sips.It facilitates expectoration.In severe sore throat for a long time kept in the mouth a small amount virintasa.
Berries cranberries and currently are widely used as a tasty and nutritious product.They use fresh, wet, pickled, dried, etc.From berries cooked jams more for food purposes than for drugs, but sometimes it is used for treatment.For example, 2-3 tablespoons cranberry jam give new mothers to avoid mastitis and other inflammatory diseases postpartum.Previously jam prepared with honey, sugar but more tender and not as a diuretic.Jam with honey was considered a fairly reliable means of prostatitis.
Water extract of berries cranberries drink at a fever, is used as a mild laxative, antiseptic and antiscorbutic means.Marked improvement on supplementation from berries cranberries in hypertension and gastritis with low acidity.
Dried berries cranberries chew during and after meals to improve digestion.For colds prepare decoction or infusion which is drunk hot.
widely used not only berries, but also the leaves and shoots of cranberries.Young shoots are used fresh, and as a decoction or infusion of a drug as an easy, reassuring, and protivodepressivnoe painkiller.Decoctions or infusions are used for cancer, although they have no therapeutic value, but only to improve the condition of the patient.
decoction or infusion of flowering shoots are used for various women's ailments, and as a means of preserving the pregnancy.In the latter case, they should have a low concentration and be barely warm.When rezyah in the lower abdomen, heavy menstruation drink stronger decoctions or infusions and certainly much warmer or hot.A decoction or infusion of autumn or spring shoots are used for diarrhea, while drinking a cold or barely warm liquid.
Mature leaves or shoots with mature leaves have a high percentage of free organic acids, so they are used in the form of hot broth or infusion as an anti-inflammatory for pain in the joints, colds;warm - as a diuretic, with kidney stones and inflammation of the bladder.It is well known that the stone can be dissolved in acid.Therefore, leaf decoction is used in the presence of gallstones.In addition, they are used in gastritis with low acidity, liver diseases, rheumatism, gout, osteochondrosis, bedwetting in children.
known that as food and medical and preventive properties of cranberries due to its content of many of the right to human connections: sugars, organic acids, phenols, vitamins, triterpenoids, tannin and pectin, trace elements.
include sugars main place is occupied by glucose and fructose, in smaller quantities in cranberries contain sucrose.The total amount of sugar is 12%.Berries cranberries have a large range of organic acids, which account for up to 2.5-3.0% of dry matter.Among them, citric predominate (1.3%), malic acid (0.3%) and benzoytnaya (0.05-0.20%).In small amounts present as tartaric acid, salicylic acid, oxalic acid ursolic acid, acetic acid, pyruvic acid, and alpha-glioksiolovaya ketoglyukonatovaya acid.The presence of the whole complex of organic acids is due to the ability of a good berry cranberries to storage.Benzoic acid has antiseptic properties.Organic acids help to dissolve uric acid (urate) and eliminate them from the body.
Polysaccharides cranberries presented in fiber and mitsellyulozami (1.8%), as well as pectin substances (0.8-1.0%, 0,56-0,86% of them accounted for soluble pectin and 0,17-0, 24% of the share protopectin).The greatest practical importance are pectin.They fulfill important biological functions - with many metals:. Calcium, strontium, lead, cobalt and others form insoluble complex compounds (chelates) which are not digested and excreted.This important property, particularly for the purpose of removing the consequences of the people of the Chernobyl disaster.For typical pectin and antibacterial properties, so they are used for the treatment of digestive tract diseases.By normalizing the composition of intestinal microflora, pectins have also protivoateroskleroticheskim action.
important components in the chemical composition of cranberries are phenolic compounds.These include anthocyanins, leucoanthocyanins, catechins, flavonols and fenokisloty.Phenolic compounds (flavonols and fenokisloty) - biologically active substances of multilateral action.Basically, their value lies in the manifestation kapillyaroukreplyayuschee, anti-inflammatory and protivoateroskleroticheskim effect.Leucoanthocyanins possess antitumor activity.Betel-us enhance the effect of X-ray irradiation in the treatment of tumors and increase the body's resistance to the action of X-rays.Quercetin, rutin and other flavonoids have an antioxidant effect.On average, the total content of these compounds is 0.3-0.6%.
play an important role in cranberries contained chlorogenic acid.They are characterized by kapillyaroukreplyayuschee, anti-inflammatory, choleretic and diuretic action.These substances are responsible for the resistance of plants to disease.l.l.1 tbsp.l.l.l.l.l.1 tbsp.l.Take 1 tbsp.l.