Papaya ( papaya ) useful properties

June 01, 2016 23:00 | Drug Plants

papaya (papaya) (Carica papaya L.) - belongs to the family papayevyh.This tree up to 8 m in height and has a spongy wood crown formed beam stemmed leaves.The leaves are large, palmate dissected by 7 segments collected tufts on top of the stem on long stalks.

The fruit looks like a melon, a large, up to 7 kg, in a mellow yellow.The flesh is yellow.

Melon tree native to the tropics.Vast plantations of papaya are in Sri Lanka, East Africa, Pakistan, India, Australia and Brazil.

In greenhouses blooms fragrant flowers and brings large fruit - berries in shape and taste like a melon.The rooms are not in bloom and not fruiting.

Courtship. Requires a well-lit place of the windows, in the hot summer days are better protected from the direct sun.Keep in mind that plants grow quickly.Watering should be regularly and abundantly with lukewarm water.Do not tolerate stagnant water, so you need a good drainage.The root system is shallow, broad planting need shallow containers.In summer, weekly fed mullein or a co

mplete fertilizer.The temperature must be 20-24 ° C, even in the winter - not below 18 ° C.The composition of the nutrient mixture: turf, humus, compost soil (1: 2: 1).

reproduction. Propagated by seeds and cuttings (vegetative).Temperature for sprouting and rooting - about 28 ° C.

Useful properties

chemical composition is close to the melon.The fruit contains papain - an enzyme plant, in its physiological effect similar to gastric juice.This ability is used to soften the meat.Old tough meat wrapped in papaya leaves, after a while it becomes soft and loose, as veal.In tropical countries decided to add small pieces of papaya fruit in soups and stir-fry.In the United States annually produce nearly a million servings of steaks treated with the enzyme isolated from papaya fruit.

papaya leaves are used instead of soap when washing clothes.In Florida, the local people do just that.Papain is used internally for gastritis, as a blood anticoagulant for the treatment of thrombosis, it refreshes the sick people.Papain helps with burns, in cosmetics - to remove freckles and strengthen hair.

Papaya eaten fresh, cooked stewed, added to soups and main dishes.Unripe papaya fruit fry like potatoes or squash.

Dish of dad and and cheese "Mozzarella»

4 servings

2 ripe papaya, 1 fresh sweet grapefruit, juice of 1 lemon, 2 tbsp.tablespoons of gin and liqueur "Cointreau", 4 leaf lettuce Chinese stalked, 4 tbsp.tablespoons chopped pecans, mint leaves, 4 cherry cocktail.

Peel the papaya and cut into slices, removing and throwing out the black seeds.Cut grapefruit slices in a bowl, combine papaya with grapefruit slices.Drizzle with lemon juice and liqueur to your liking.Serve on lettuce leaves, top - pecans.Garnish with mint leaves and cherries.