Peanuts are the benefits and harms

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Peanut or groundnut - annual herb, stem branched, prostrate on the ground or erect.Leaves are complex, paripinnate, on long stalks.The flowers are bright yellow or orange, papilionaceous, in axillary racemes.Flower day, 2-3 days peduncle on which sits the fertilized ovary begins to grow - first up, then down, and sent deep into the soil to a depth of 8-10 cm under the ground of the ovary develops the fruit -. 1.5 length bob6 cm. The wild found in South America, mainly in Brazil.It grows on forest edges, in the mountains, river valleys and arid areas.There are about 30 types of peanut - creeping, hairy, fringed, guaransky, yellowish, Paraguay, tuberous, creeping, upland, etc. Most of them -. Perennials.Measuring cultivated groundnut varieties have appeared before the Incas.In the XVI century it was brought to Africa and China.In Europe, peanuts were brought from India and China.In Russia began to grow peanuts in Odessa Botanical Garden since 1792.Later he became cultivated in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Ukr

aine, the Caucasus and in the Krasnodar region.How to grow peanuts, see here.

Medicinal raw materials are indehiscent legume of cylindrical shape with a constriction or kokonoobraznoy form.

Calorie

Below is the content of nutrients (calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) per 100 grams of edible portion.
Nutritional value
Calories 552 kcal Protein 26.3 g

Fats 45,2 g Carbohydrates 9.9 g

Dietary Fiber 8.1 g Water 7.9 g

Ash
2.6 g saturated fatty acids8.3 g
mono- and di-saccharides 4.2 g Starch 5.7 g



Vitamins Vitamin PP 13,2 mg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 0.74 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 0.11
mg Vitamin B5 (pantothenic) 1,767 mg
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 0.348 mg
Vitamin B9 (folic) 240 mg Vitamin C 5,3

mg Vitamin E (TE) 10.1 mg
Vitamin PP (niacin equivalent) 18, 9 mg, 52.5 mg Choline


Macronutrients Calcium 76 mg 182 mg Magnesium

Sodium 23 mg Potassium 658 mg

Phosphorus 350 mg

Trace
Iron
5 mg Zinc 3.27 mg Copper
1144 mcg
Manganese 1.934 mg Selenium 7,2 mg


peanut Energy value is 552 kcal.

Useful properties

peanut kernel (dried) has the following chemical composition (in%): protein - 29.2, fat - 50.2, carbohydrates - 10.8.peanut proteins are relatively well used by the human body.Peanuts and is rich in minerals: sodium - 26 mg% potassium - 736 mg% calcium - 85 mg%, manganese - 202 mg% Phosphorus - 390 mg%, iron - 6 mg%.Contains vitamins B1, B2, PP and D.

Peanuts are extremely rich in antioxidants - substances that protect body cells from the effects of dangerous free radicals.In this respect, peanuts can be put on a par with strawberries, but recognized "leader" on the content of antioxidant substances - grenade - he is still inferior.Antioxidant properties have mainly the polyphenols contained therein: they do peanuts and useful for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (arteriosclerosis, ischemic heart disease), as well as premature aging and malignancy.The researchers found that after toasting peanuts becomes even more useful for health: the content of polyphenols is increased by 20-25%.The peanuts contain substances that increase blood clotting, so it can be useful in diseases of the blood from clotting and reduced bleeding (hemophilia, hemorrhagic diathesis, etc.).Peanut oil is valued for the presence of a polyunsaturated linoleic acid, which has anti-sclerotic action, as well as for the content of vitamin E and B groups

When ulcers

When gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer (in subacute and chronic stages).Take "milk" made from peanut flour with the addition of boiled water.

By reducing immunity
Take tincture of peanut husk.Nuts peeled, lightly fry with a little vegetable oil and remove the husk.Pour 1 teaspoon peel 1/4 cup of vodka and infuse it in a dark place for 2 weeks.Take daily for 7-10 drops and drink milk (nuts themselves, of course, you can eat).Tincture has tonic properties.

Oil

oil peanut seeds in the pharmaceutical industry used to prepare a variety of drugs and emulsions, as well as in soap making.

Fruits and peanut butter is recommended included in the diet of people suffering from catastrophic weight loss -anoreksii, as well as recovering from a long illness.This high calorie foods rich in B vitamins and essential trace elements.

According to some reports, peanut oil is effective in the treatment of children suffering from hemophilia and hemorrhagic diathesis (blood disease with a sharp decrease in its coagulation and multiple hemorrhages).The peanuts contain substances that enhance blood clotting.In Chinese folk medicine, the leaves of peanut products have long been used for insomnia and increased nervous excitation.

To make a soothing tea, pour 2 tablespoons coarsely chopped leaves Peanut 400 g of water, bring to a boil, remove from heat and let stand, covered, for 40 minutes.Strain and drink in the form of heat on an empty stomach half an hour before bedtime.

Peanut butter in the food industry replaces the olive oil as a cheaper, and on food quality than many other vegetable oils.Podvarennye seeds are used in the confectionery industry for the production of halva, chocolate, sweets, cakes, etc.

Peanut in cookery

peanut grains are widely used in the confectionery industry and home cooking.Salads and dressings, toppings and sauces, bakery and meat dishes well with nuts, including peanuts.From preparing halva cake, it is added and chocolates.Roasted peanuts consumed as a delicacy and used in the manufacture of cakes, pies, ice cream.Roasted peanuts served with champagne.You can fry it yourself, it's easy.It all depends on what kind of peanuts you want to get a result.If you need salted peanuts, similar to what is sold in bags of beer, it can be fried in two ways: in a pan, sprinkled with fine salt, stirring constantly, to nut fry evenly;in the oven, without salt (10-15 minutes), spread out evenly over the entire surface of the sheet, occasionally shaking or stirring.Then you need to shift the peanuts in a heated pan, pour a little salt water and continue cooking until complete evaporation of the water at the end of dry nuts.If you want to get unsalted nuts, simply fry them in a pan and stir.Ready peanuts crackling and it is easily separated from the husk pink.

Homemade peanut butter

Yield 225 g

225 g of roasted peanuts, 1 tbsp.spoon of peanut butter, salt (optional)

In a blender (mixer) cook puree a lot of nuts, bringing it to a paste, pausing a few seconds in order to scrape off the mass of the walls.Add the butter and stir again.At the request of the ambassador.Store in a jar with a screw cap in the refrigerator.

Peanut dressing

4 servings

4 tbsp.tablespoons of peanut butter, 2 tbsp.olive oil, 1 tsp. lemon juice and soy sauce, pinch of dried tarragon.

Mix all ingredients and refrigerate before serving.

Royal African peanut mousse

4 servings

225 g raw groundnuts (peanuts), 120 ml of hot water, 3 tbsp.May spoons of honey, 150 g of coconut puree, a pinch of chili, salt, a mixture of pieces of different fruits.

Peanut Spread on a baking sheet and roast for about 3 minutes.Put in a blender and cook mashed with hot water.Add honey, coconut puree, salt to taste and mix well.Serve with slices of apple, pear, banana, peach or big chunks of pineapple.

peanut sticks

Flour - 500 g;peanuts - 500 g;sugar - 400 g;Eggs - 4 pcs .;Milk - 40 g;butter - 60 g;salt -6 g

Knead the dough from the crushed peanuts, flour, sugar, beaten eggs, melted butter, milk and salt.Roll out a layer thickness of 1 cm, cut into strips 8 × 12 cm and bake them in the oven for 15-20 minutes at medium heat.

Chinese aromatic peanut

2 servings

250 grams peanuts, 1 g of sodium glutamate, 1 g of anise,

1 g allspice, 1 g of cinnamon, cloves 1 g, 3 grams of salt,

50 grams of sugar.

Peanuts dipped in boiling water, discard, cool and clean from the husk.Drain.Fry peanuts fried, remove and dry on a napkin.Add salt, sugar, glutamate and spices.Mix well.

Chicken salad with peanuts and pineapple

300 grams of boiled chicken breast, 40 g salted peanuts, 2 small ripe pineapple, 2 stalks of celery, 350 grams of green onions, 220 grams of green grapes.

For seasoning: 75 g peanut butter, 100 g of mayonnaise, 2 tablespoons of cream or milk, 1 teaspoon mild curry powder, 1 tablespoon apricot jam, 1 clove of garlic, salt, black pepper to taste.

Make pineapple four "boats".Remove them from the pulp and cut into small pieces.Mix in a bowl of pineapple, chopped chicken, chopped green onions and grapes, stoned.Put in another bowl all the ingredients for seasoning, stir them until smooth, season with salt and black pepper.If spice is a thick, dilute it with pineapple juice.Pour dressing into a mixture of chicken and pineapple and mix well.Put the salad equally in "boats" of the pineapple and serve, sprinkled with peanuts.

Cold soup of cucumber with peanut

1,5 liters of yogurt, 800 g cucumber, 2/3 cup peanuts.3-5 cloves of garlic, dill, salt to taste.

Peanut wash, dry, lay on a heated pan and ignited.Then peel (you rub your hands peanuts) and crushed.Cucumbers Smaller cut, connect with peanuts, add chopped garlic, finely chopped dill and salt.The mixture is stirred and pour yogurt.Soup eat cold.

yeast bread with peanut

1 tablespoon ground roasted peanuts, 2 tablespoons of dry yeast 11/2 cups milk, 4 tablespoons sugar, 4 cups flour, 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon of black pepper.

for sourdough: Mix yeast, milk and sugar.Pour the flour, salt and ground roasted peanuts, vmese in yeast mass to form a soft dough.

Make dough round, slightly flattened loaf.Place on a greased round metal plate, which will be included in the pan.Cover the bowl with the dough with a napkin and leave for 2 hours in a warm place.Prepare a steam pot: a large saucepan filled with 1/4 water and a round metal plate, flat screen or metal cans to keep the shape of the water.Lower form into the pan, put on a sieve or banks that form does not touch the water.Cover the pan with a tight lid, put a weight on the lid and simmer for 1 hour.Check the water level every 15 minutes.As necessary, add water.Remove the bread when it is hardened on all sides.Put on a dry surface or wire rack.Cool 10 minutes, slice and serve hot with butter.

turkey stuffed with liver and peanuts

4-4,5 kg turkey 400 g liver turkey or other poultry, 300 grams of peanuts, 2 slices of white bread,

2 eggs, 200 ml of vegetable oil, 20 large mushrooms 2onions, 1 kg turnip, 1/2 tablespoon of flour, 120 g butter, 1 liter of broth, 200 grams of rice, 1 glass of wine, 30 g bread crumbs, 30 g tarragon, salt and pepper to taste.

treated and washed turkey dry with a kitchen towel and gently with both hands to remove the brisket.Poached in butter with chopped onion liver mince together with soaked in milk with bread, mixed with tarragon, salt and pepper with roasted and ground peanuts and 2 eggs.The resulting meat to dump the turkey and sew.Season with salt, put on a baking sheet, sprinkle with oil and place in a moderately heated oven for 2 hours, periodically turkey lubricating oil.Cooked turkey remove and pour the wine on a baking sheet and allow to boil, then strain the sauce, cool, degrease and apply in a gravy boat.Purified and washed turnips dry, cut into cubes, roll in breadcrumbs and fry in butter, pour broth (2.1 liters) and cook until tender.Rice cooked in meat broth (2.1 L), and washed and sliced ​​mushrooms, onion STTS oil (70 g).Cooked turkey cut (by removing the thread) into pieces, put in a dish with a side dish - turnips, rice and mushrooms.

Chicken with peanuts

At 4-6 servings: 4 chicken legs, 50 g salted peanuts, chopped 50 g bacon, 2 ripe tomatoes, 1 onion, 2 cloves of garlic, salt and pepper to taste.

Fry the bacon in a little oil, add the chicken legs and flushed them on both sides.Season with salt and pepper.Grind tomatoes, onions, garlic and peanuts, add all this to the chicken, cover and cook over low heat until until chicken is tender.

pie of onions stuffed with peanuts

Shortbread dough, 500 g onions, 300 grams of peanuts, 100 g of cheese, the best fat, Gouda type.

Peanut grind in a meat grinder.Chop onion, put up transparency in peanut oil.Stew in butter and onions to when it will begin to brighten, add a handful of ground peanuts.Then simmer under the lid until ready.Grate the cheese.When the onion has cooled, mix the cheese and onion with the remaining crushed peanuts.Pie molded as usual: shortbread dough roll, pin, spread the filling, bread crusts to back bumpers.although not so sprawling.

Pancakes with peanut and cream ice cream

Serves 4 4 tablespoons of peanuts, 60 g chestnut flour, 100 g of flour, 5 g of dry yeast, 2 eggs, 30 g sugar, 250 ml milk, 200 ml cream, 1tablespoon butter, 1/2 liter of ice cream, 100 grams of chocolate.

Peanut grind into powder.Mix both types of flour, sugar, peanut powder and yeast 2 egg yolks and 150 ml of milk.If necessary, add a little water or milk.Beat 2 egg whites and put them into the dough gently.Bake the pancakes with butter pas.Chocolate break and put in a saucepan, add the cream and milk residues, melt in a water bath.Before serving, warm the pancakes.On each plate put one pancake, ice cream ball, pour the hot chocolate sauce.Separately, apply the remaining pancakes, ice cream and sauce.

Octopus in white wine with peanuts

1 kg octopus, 4 tablespoons olive oil 2 large onions, 1/3 cup dry white wine, a small handful of peanuts (salted possible from bags), salt, pepper and bay leaf to taste.

Octopus clean, gut and rinse.Fry in olive oil over medium heat for 10 minutes with the lid open, stirring occasionally.Add pre-sliced ​​sliced ​​onions, nuts, bay leaf and wine.Cook 15 minutes over low heat with the lid closed.

Peanut Crisp

1 cup sugar 1/2 cup light corn syrup, 1/8 teaspoon salt, 1-11 / 2 cup roasted salted peanuts, 1 tablespoon butter or margarine, 1 teaspoon of vanilla sugar, 1teaspoon of baking soda.

Mix the syrup with the sugar in a two-liter pot or bowl.Add peanuts.Place in oven and cook for 3-5 minutes, until the syrup and nuts will not darken.After 3 minutes, stir.Add butter, vanilla and baking soda and stir until the mixture is frothy and white.Pour the mixture onto a well missed oil (layer 6 mm) baking tray and bake.

Cheese balls with peanut

1 tablespoon chopped peanuts, 250 g of soft cheese, 1/2 teaspoon paprika, 1 tablespoon chopped parsley, salt and pepper to taste.

Connect cheese, paprika, salt and pepper.Blindly from the resulting mass of balls.Stir in parsley and peanuts, put a thin layer on a plate.Roll the balls in peanuts and green, stick them in thin sticks.Serve chilled.Balls look like snowballs, so a dish is perfect for New Year's table.

Kozinaki of sesame and peanut

1 cup coarsely chopped peanuts, 1 cup sesame seeds, 11/2 cups sugar, 11/2 cups of water, 1 tablespoon of strained lemon juice.