Oregano useful properties and contraindications

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Oregano (winter marjoram, motherboard) (Origanum vulgare L.) - perennial herb 35-80 cm tall with a strong aromatic odor.Stems quadrangular, erect, branched, covered with soft hairs, often reddish.The leaves are opposite, petiolate, oblong or ovate with a whole plate.The flowers are purple, small, fairly numerous in the axils of the bracts, are collected at the end of the stem and branches of small flaps forming paniculate inflorescence.Branched rhizome with adventitious, thin roots.The fruit of four dry nuts.Blooms in July-August.More about oregano see here.

generic name in Greek means "mountain decoration."Under this name the plant mentioned by ancient authors.Species definition is translated from Latin means "common".

Botanical description. perennial herb with branched, kosorastuschim or horizontal creeping rhizome from which thin adventitious roots depart.The old plants from rhizomes grow more erect, tetrahedral, slightly pubescent, branched stems 30-60 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, diagonally o

pposite, ovate-oblong, pointed at the apex, entire or neyasnozubchatye.

flowers are lilac-pink, light purple, rarely whitish, polumutovkami located on top of the stem and branches.Polumutovki close together in capitate inflorescences, which form the pads, and the latter in turn form large paniculate inflorescence.Quinquedentate Calyx, Corolla bilabiate 5-10 mm long.Stamens - 4, two of which are longer than others.Pestle with top chetyrehlopastnym one ovary.The fruit consists of four nutlets.The plant has a strong repack, resembling the smell of thyme is widely known shrub.

Flowers in June - August;fruits ripen in August - September.

Geographical distribution.It grows in upland and floodplain, less steppe meadows, rare pine and deciduous forests, forest glades, among the bushes.Distributed in the European part of the USSR, in the south of Central Asia and Siberia.Areas blanks are in Belarus, Ukraine, in Bashkiria, in the Krasnodar and Stavropol territories of the RSFSR.

collection and drying .Gather flowering tops of Origanum length of 20-30 cm, cutting them with knives, sickles, or shears.If you can not pull out the collection of plants with rhizomes, as this thicket reduced and can be completely destroyed.If erezayut all the stems, leaving no part of each plant, after 3-4 years of preparations should take a break for one year to restore the thickets.On an area of ​​10 square meters.m should be left 1 - 2 plants for seed multiplication.

The collected materials are folded loosely in bags, not compacting it, and immediately sent for drying.

Dried grass in attics, under a tile, slate or tin roof, under canopies, scattering its layer of 5-7 cm, and occasionally stirred.Drying is considered complete if the stems do not bend and break.After drying threshed grass and coarse stems discarded.

medicinal raw materials. finished raw materials - grass oregano - Herba Origani - represents the upper part of the stems up to 20 cm in length of 2-4 cm leaves and inflorescences partially crushed.Calyx reddish-purple or greenish-brown, brownish-purple corolla or a brownish-pink 3-5 mm long.The smell fragrant, taste bitter, spicy, slightly astringent.

GOST 21908-76 allows the moisture is not more than 13%;Ash not more than 10%;blackened and brownish parts of plants not more than 7%;plant stems with no more than 40%;dropout through a sieve with a hole diameter of 1 mm is not more than 5%;organic and mineral impurities are not more than 1%.essential oil content of the feed should not be less than 0.1%.

to the organic impurities are part of other non-poisonous plants and, above all, ordinary pahuchki - Clinopodium vulgare L. It has indecomposable-branched stem and bilabiate 5 subulate calyx teeth.Hairs on the organs of this plant are long.

chemical composition. herb oregano contains up to 1.2% essential oil, which is composed of crystalline thymol and its isomer carvacrol liquid, sesqui-terpenes, free alcohols, geranilatsetat and others. The total content of thymol and carvacrol in the essential oil reaches 44% (as opposed toessential oil Cheb-Retz).Also essential oils found tannins, vitamin C, flavonoids and others.

Action and use.Contained in the grass thymol and carvacrol are phenols and therefore possess bactericidal properties.Water extraction from herbs have a calming effect on the central nervous system, enhance the secretion of digestive and bronchial glands, and intestinal peristalsis and improve its tone.

Used for insomnia, hypo- and anatsidnyh gastritis, intestinal atonia accompanied by constipation, dry cough, bronchitis as an infusion of raw materials in '15 by 200 ml of water and 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals.The people there is a belief that the infusion of marjoram relieves women in menopause, why the plant is called "mate-Rink".

Patriotic industry produces briquettes marjoram - Briketum herbae Origani (. Units number) by weight in '75 The upper part of each briquette grooves divided into 10 equal slices.Thus, one slices weighs 7.5 g This convenient dosage form is intended for the preparation of infusions at home as a means of stimulating appetite and improving digestion.The most convenient way to prepare the infusion in a thermos.To do this, it pre-rinse with boiling water, put a mashed clove of briquettes, pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and leave for the night.Strained infusion is drunk in the form of heat for 15-20 minutes before eating 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day.

Appointed herb as an infusion of raw materials in '10 by 200 ml of water 1 tablespoon before meals as a delicious means.The infusion can be prepared in the home, brew 1 tablespoon of cut grass a glass of boiling water, insist 30 minutes.

grows in dry places, in clearings, forest edges, among the bushes on the hillsides.

Medicinal raw materials are the tops of flowering plants collected during flowering (preferably in the initial flowering period).raw smell of fragrant, taste bitter, spicy, slightly astringent, tart.Dried grass in the air, in the shade or in the dryer.The shelf life of dry raw materials for 2 years.

Dry grass oregano contains from 0.12 to 0.7% essential oil.The essential oil is the major active principle of the plant and its composition contains thymol, bicyclic sesquiterpenes, free alcohols geranilatsetat and tannins.

therapeutic use of oregano is based on its ability to provide a calming effect on the central nervous system, enhance the secretion of digestive, bronchial and sweat glands, increases intestinal peristalsis and have some analgesic and deodorizing effect.In a tincture oregano is used as a diaphoretic for colds, lack of appetite, low acidity, as a choleretic - with intestinal atony, cramps in the stomach, inflammation of the liver, jaundice, constipation, when various kinds of violations of the neuro-psychic activity, acute and chronic bronchitis(as a means of enhancing the secretion of bronchial glands), whooping cough, and increased sexual excitability.

Indications: used for insomnia, gastritis with low acidity, intestinal atony.Used as an expectorant drug for bronchitis and bronchiectasis and as a means of stimulating the appetite.Used for aromatic baths.

Harvesting and storage: raw materials are blooming aerial leafy stems.They cut up to 20 cm and laid a layer of 5-7 cm of any paper or cloth.Dry indoors or under a canopy, turning occasionally.Then threshed grass or rubbed on the coarse sieve, separating from the stems.Store in a sealed container for 3 years.

Dosage Form: infusion of oregano prepared as follows: 2l.l.grass, crushed to 0.5 mm, pour a glass of boiling water, cover and insist for 15-20 minutes, filter and drink in the form of heat for 15 to 20 minutes before a meal to 0.5 cup 3-4 times a day.

healing part: grass (flowering tops of the stem).

plants Description: perennial herb.The stem is quadrangular, erect, myagkoopushenny, at the top of branching.The flowers are small - purplish-pink, gathered in corymbose inflorescences, fragrant.

In folk medicine herb oregano is used orally as a diaphoretic (for colds), expectorant, rheumatism, paralysis, by suffocation, with atony (lethargy), bowel and low acidity as antispasmodic, hemostatic and soothing remedy for women's diseases,bleeding after fainting, general weakness, mental diseases, as a sedative and to raise the general tone of the body, with increased sexual excitability, cancer.

herb oregano - an excellent expectorant, it is included in the fee for gargling, is used for poultices, headaches, of the fees for therapeutic baths with rickets and scrofula in children.In folk medicine, used oregano for insomnia, liver and stomach, with various women's diseases.

From headaches can be eliminated by preparing an infusion of marjoram.A tablespoon of dry grass to fill in 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave, wrapped, 30 minutes, drain.Drink 0.5 cups 2-3 times a day.Pregnant women can not take an infusion of oregano!

marjoram restores the blood.At 600 grams of water to take three tablespoons of chopped herbs oregano, bring to a boil, insist night, wrapped in a warm place, strain and take throughout the day at 50-100 g three times a day.You can add honey to taste.When leukemia marjoram - paramount and most necessary means, but it is necessary to take care, ranging from one cup a day.

The duration of treatment depends on the state of your health.When the treatment is over, the body itself will tell: a delicious broth is tasty and less desire to drink the grass turns into reluctance.

Essential oil of oregano is used in perfumes for perfume cologne, soap.

main indications for internal use: infectious syndrome, atony of the stomach, loss of appetite, aerophagia, bloating, especially in psychopaths (imaginary or mentally ill), bronchitis chronic, sharp cough (pertussis), tuberculosis, pulmonary, asthma, rheumatism, acute or chronic,muscular rheumatism, amenorrhea (outside the period of pregnancy).

For external use: pediculosis, rheumatism, muscle and joint, inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue (cellulite).Methods of application, inside essential oil 3-5 drops in dilution 1 / 2-1 coffee spoon honey 1/2 cup of warm water-L 2 times a day for adults, 1 to 2 drops 2-3 times daily depending childrenof age.

known aromatherapists - Edward Bach and Jacques Valne recommend oregano with various kinds of infections, like gastric motility stimulant (as appetizing for the treatment of hiccups, dyspepsia), and respiratory diseases (chronic bronchitis, as an antitussive, relaxing reflux), in dermatology (eczema, psoriasis, chronic skin rashes, inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue).According to Bach, the essential oil in the bath or sitting as a massage tool is recommended to regulate the menstrual cycle.

It should be noted that the essential oil of oregano has a stimulating effect, there are cases of seizures after drinking, especially in susceptible patients.

Oregano is very close to the marjoram, and they complement each other perfectly and their flavors are similar in scale.Taste oregano softer than that of marjoram, pungent, spicy.oregano leaves are used as a spice in the manufacture of potato dishes, beans, peas, meats, sausages, as well as salads, drinks.

herb oregano - a good seasoning in canning vegetables and mushrooms.She added in an Italian pizza in dish of spaghetti.

Dried and fresh herb oregano is part of the spice, known worldwide under the name "Oregano" or "pizza spice."It is part of many spice mixtures, it is good in combination with basil and black pepper.Marjoram put into the brew.

Kvass flavored with oregano

10 g oregano, 1 liter of kvass (of leavened concentrate or other preparation).Oregano is placed in a gauze bag and lowered into the prepared fermentation brew for 10-12 hours.

Oregano is a folk remedy for, anti-moth.

FLOWER oregano can be dyed wool in orange-red color.

External oregano is used for headaches and insomnia (wash the head broth), with scrofula, toothache, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, throat, pharynx;while noting a decrease in pain, anti-inflammatory and deodorizing effect.

In a dry (powdered herbs) and wet compresses oregano is used in scrofula, boils, abscesses, various kinds of rashes.

This plant is shown in hypertension, atherosclerosis, diseases kidney and liver, and as a diuretic.

Recipes

Broth: 15 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day for intestinal sluggishness.

Infusion:. 2 teaspoons of chopped herbs pour a glass of boiled water, close lid, infused for 15-20 minutes, strain.Drink warm for 15 to 20 minutes before eating half a cup 3-4 times a day for epilepsy (treatment three years), low acidity, and others. Diseases.

Externally - broth for poultices and compresses: 3-4 tablespoons.tablespoons herb pour water to form a pasty mass, wrapped (in the form of heat) in a cloth and apply to the sore spot.

oregano tea prepared from 2 h. Tablespoons chopped herbs pour 2 cups boiling water and drink throughout the day the entire portion.

Oil of oregano: a handful of finely chopped herbs pour 0.5 liters of olive (or sunflower) oil, insist 8 hours and filtered and squeeze.Cotton swab moistened with oil, put on the aching tooth;into use 2-5 drops.

mixture of 1: herb marjoram - 1 part, mother-and-stepmother - 2 parts marshmallow root - 2 parts.Take 4 h. Tablespoons of this mixture in 2 cups of boiling water, drink half a cup 4 times a day.

mixture of 2: herb marjoram - 1 part, mother-and-stepmother - 2 pieces, raspberry - 2 parts.Brew and drink, as well as the first mixture.

Baths: 50 g herb to a bucket of water or 100 g herb to 2 liters of boiling water;the infusion is added to the water bath.

composition and method of preparation of tea it:

Sweet Tea: 1 h .. chopped dry grass in 1 tbsp.boiling water.Brewed as a tea.Long did not insist - lost flavor.Drink better with honey.

Healing properties: tonic drink.

Vitamin tea: marjoram, mint and St. John's wort in equal parts as the brewing tea directly before serving to preserve the aroma of oregano and mint.

Healing properties: tonic drink.

Vitamin tea: herb oregano, dried fruits red ash - to 1 hour, dried rose hips - 3 hours 1st Class .. chopped dry mix 1 tbsp..boiling water.Heat in water bath for 10 minutes, infuse, strain.Drink without dosage, better with honey.The drink has a pleasant aroma and taste.

Healing properties: multivitamin anti-sclerotic means a beneficial effect on the body's metabolism.

Balm Tea: 2 tablespoons dry grass .. marjoram brew 1 st.ordinary tea.

Healing properties: pulmonary disease and nervous system.

decoction of calendula and marjoram

Requires 3 tsp..marigold flowers dosage, for 2 hours. l.marjoram, J h. l.elderberry fruit, 250ml beer.

Method.Raw hot brew beer, boil for 10 minutes, then cool.Cooled infusion drain through cheesecloth 2 times.

application method.Take in the cold for 1 st.l.4 times a day with coronary heart disease.

Fees

1. Requires:

for 2 tablespoons.spoons of leaves mother and stepmother, and raspberry fruit, 1 tbsp.Spoon marjoram, 200 ml of water.

Method.

All plant components chop, mix.1 tbsp.spoon collection pour boiling water, to insist 20 minutes, drain.

application method.

Take 1 cup of infusion in the form of heat at night.

2. Required:

1 tbsp.spoonful of pine buds, 2 tbsp.a root spoons violet scented, 4 tbsp.spoons of Icelandic moss, 200 ml of water.

Method.

Vegetable chop ingredients, mix well.4 teaspoons pour cold water, to insist 2 hours. After that, boil for 5 minutes, cool and drain.