Thyme useful properties and contraindications

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and creeping thyme (thyme, Bogorodsk grass) (Thymus serpyllum L.)

Thyme - perennial shrub with branched, creeping along the ground stems, belongs to the family Labiatae.The leaves are small, oblong, covered with a magnifier visible in the dimples, which are glands with essential oil.Small purplish-ozovatye flowers are collected in capitate inflorescence.

Thyme - one of the oldest spice and medicinal plants.Thyme The ancient Greeks dedicated to the Goddess Aphrodite and brings her to the victim (the grass was burned on the sacrificial fire).Incense rises to the sky to symbolize the acceptance of the gods sacrifice.The ancient Egyptians used this plant in embalming.From them and spread the cultivation and use of thyme -in the countries of the Mediterranean, Southern Europe.The Slavs, pagan period in their history, thyme and thrown into the fire in the sacrifices.

thyme main suppliers are Spain, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Austria, North Africa and America.Of the highest quality i

s thyme from France.

Thyme belongs to the species, comprising more than 300 varieties of hardy perennial herbaceous and subshrub plants native places which is Europe, especially the Mediterranean region.They are now spread throughout the world to America, and in the north - to Iceland.Some creep along the ground, while others grow up to 30 cm in height.The latter include T. citriodorusw thyme and lemon flavor.When cooking use mainly T. vulgaris, or garden thyme.Its leaves are small, narrow, dark, gray-green;flowers mauve, tube, collected in inflorescence.(The color of flowers of other species of thyme varies from white, pale pink and purple to dark red.) The leaves of all kinds of fragrant thyme.The smell is usually stronger in cultivated species;grown in a warm climate plants are always stronger than those that grow in cool, damp northern climate.The strongest flavor T. Membranaceus - growing varieties of thyme in Spain.There are also varieties with lemon and orange scent.

Thyme is said to have been already familiar to the Sumerians of 3500 BC.e.The ancient Egyptians called it "out there" and was used in embalming.The Greeks were known for two of its varieties.Dioscorides wrote of white thyme, are used in medicine, and black, which strongly avoided, as it "has caused harm to the body and cause jaundice."Hippocrates included in the list of thyme 400 therapeutic agents.Its infusion is drunk at the end of the feast, to better stomach to digest food.Thyme brought a gift to Venus, and other deities.The name "thyme" comes from the Greek word "thumos," ie, "the smell" -.. So strong its aroma.

Romans used thyme as a culinary and medicinal herb.Pliny recommended its use in epilepsy.He advised to stuff a mattress with thyme - then the patient to sleep on it, get up rested and calm.(Interestingly, thyme laid in a manger of hay, where the baby Jesus was lying.) Pliny also ordered to take thyme boiled in vinegar from a headache.It was believed that he saves and bitten by poisonous snakes.Thyme is burnt in houses, to scare away the dangerous reptiles.The Romans believed that it accelerates and enhances the melancholy courage: the soldiers before battle usually takes a bath with thyme.This idea was still alive in the times of the Crusaders: ladies embroidered thyme sprigs on their scarves of knights who went to the East to defend the Holy Sepulchre.Saint Hildegard recommended thyme and paralysis of the plague, leprosy and scab.In the UK, they sprinkled to disinfect the floor;He was part of the bouquets that were judges and kings, so as not to catch the disease in public places.

interest in the thyme, its medicinal properties are not faded with time.Lemaire, a doctor and a chemist XVII., Believed that thyme enhances brain activity and improves the functioning of the digestive system.In 1719 Neumann identified and found in thyme thymol;later Kadeak and Meunier identified carvacrol and pinene.In the XVIII century.he was a member of many drugs, one of which was a soothing balm is applied for nervous disorders.In 1884, one of the scientists, Kamperdon studying the medicinal properties of thyme, noticed that he has a direct effect on the nervous system and that because of this going to the amendment, patients quickly gain strength.Dr. Leclerc later recommended thyme asthma, depression, infectious diseases of the respiratory organs and chronic cough.Before the First World War, thyme essential oil is used in hospitals, together with cloves, lemon and chamomile as a disinfectant and antiseptic agent.Since this oil seven times stronger than carbolic acid, they to be saved from disease and lice, during the Crimean War soldier uniforms sprayed.

essential oil

description. thyme, summer savory, creeping thyme - plants well-known, widely used in medical practice.Raw materials - aboveground part of the plant - contains 2 - 3% essential oil, tannins and bitter substances, flavonoids, resins, and malic omanolovuyu acids, mineral salts.The oil obtained by distillation of the leaves and flower tops.It is fat and thick;It smells nice, like a fresh plant, but it is certainly more durable.

color from red or white oil.Once we thought that its color depends on the color of thyme, which serves as raw material for distillation, - red or white.However, it has been proved that oil does not affect the color of grass color, and type of distillation cube.In poorer countries, the distillation used metal cubes.In conjunction with the oil they are oxidized and become red.In richer countries use onyx cubes: they do not react with oil and therefore retain their white color.How does the oxidation on the healing properties of the oil are unknown.

main components: thymol and carvacrol (25-40%), and borneol, cineol, linalool, menthone, p-cymene, pinene and triterpene acid-wai.

Medical means thyme in large part due to the presence of carvacrol in the essential oil (30 - 40%), thymol and terpene hydrocarbons.Kavakrol has a strong antiseptic effect: a well-known antiseptic phenol is 30 times weaker than carvacrol and thymol on the bactericidal performance.

Before the discovery of antibiotics and other synthetic preservatives karvarol considered the strongest protivomik-microbial drug.

essential oil and other dosage forms of thyme are shown at asthenia, anemia, hypotension, chlorosis, intestinal atony, bronchopulmonary diseases, tuberculosis, asthma, infections, gastrointestinal and urinary tract, fermentation, flatulence in the intestine, flu and various about jellydiseases, lack of menstruation.A powerful immune stimulant and the formation of white blood cells in infectious diseases.

used extract, prepared as follows: For internal use: 1 spoonful of dry thyme pour one cup of boiling water, boil for 2 - 3 seconds, insist 10 minutes, can be sweetened.Take a quarter cup 3 - 4 times a day before meals.Essential oil take 2 - 3 drops 3 times a day in an alcoholic solution or honey.In the case of angina chew thyme.

in the form of ointments and herb thyme.The essential oil is widely used in dermatology and di etologii.For the preparation of ointments is necessary to take 3 g of essential oil and 5, the base (neutral cream), all mixed.It is used for the treatment of purulent skin lesions, dermatitis, eczema.

Aromatic oil (10 drops of thyme oil to 10 ml of vegetable oil) is used for lice, it is the to same is applied to the area of ​​the introduction of scabies mite.

cosmetologists recommend to wash it using shampoo with the addition chabretsovogo oil (5 drops of essential oil to 20 ml of shampoo) for hair loss and baldness.

Broth in olive oil (2 tablespoons per 200 g of oil) is used as a compress on the wound of mosquito bites and snakes.

When rheumatic pains recommended chop thyme, heat it in a container, wrap in cheesecloth and apply hot.For

aromatic baths must boil thyme 500 g in 4 liters of water poured into the water bath.It is an effective tool for the treatment of arthritis, gout, rheumatism.The concentrated broth (1 handful per liter of water, boil until half-evaporation) is used as a tonic for the hair, reduces hair loss.

Aromatic water from thyme is used as an antiseptic for the genitourinary system (cystitis, urethritis, vaginitis), prevents inflammation of the uterus and appendages, eliminates soreness and delayed menstruation.

Traditional medicine recommends to use the infusion of herbs and honey to cleanse the liver and stomach, it helps with colitis, and also causes libido and helps with impotence.If grease patient juice with thyme butter and wine, it helps with the inflammation of the sciatic nerve.A decoction of herbs (1 tbsp. Tablespoon to 1 cup water) well-stop bleeding from fresh wounds, cleanses the skin from small scars, dissolves and removes stones from the bladder, and expels the dead fetus from the womb.

thyme, cooked with vinegar and rose oil, lubricate the head with severe headaches and distractedly.

decoction of thyme stops vomiting, and lotions from herbs help stings of bees and other insects.

thyme decoction taken orally for stomach cancer, bad breath.Prepare the medication daily and take a long time without a break.

It is also useful as a fortifying agent, with central nervous system disorders, as an expectorant, insomnia, to normalize the intestinal microflora.

In all cases, the broth is boiled for 2 - 3 seconds (1 tablespoon herb spoon on a glass of water.), Insist 10-15 minutes, take 1/4 cup 3 times a day before meals.If

'10 chopped herbs mixed with water and honey and take 3 times a day, then this drug will cause libido and help with impotence.


suppliers of thyme essential oil are Spain, Israel, North Africa and France.After the Chernobyl disaster as a precaution (and suddenly growing in Europe thyme contains radioactive substances?) Use oil from Israel.Although radioactive fallout in many Western European countries, and was struck by many plant species, their concentration is most evidently in thyme.Despite this, many manufacturers in Western Europe continued to deliver thyme oil to hospitals and pharmacies, that's why it is so necessary in the oil purchase to pay attention to the place of its production.In addition, it is advised not to use a red oil.

Useful properties

therapeutic purposes. Thyme is strengthening and aphrodisiac, antispasmodic and has balsamic properties, improves the functioning of the stomach and digestive system, and also acts on the organs of the chest.It helps with asthma, flu, cold, heat, pain and nervousness.

Effective he and dermatitis, skin infections and skin irritation, tumors caused by gout or rheumatism, lumbago and sciatica with.

for medicinal purposes as well as for use in cooking is used aboveground part of the plant, which is mowed at the beginning of flowering.Roots do not represent any value.

In folk medicine, along with thyme and creeping thyme used, and others close to him views.

Grass contains about 2% of essential oil.The main component of essential oil is thymol.In addition to essential raw material composition includes bitter and tannins, organic acids, resins, mineral salts.The herb thyme, both fresh and dry, has a persistent spicy aroma and slightly pungent bitter taste and also has a strong antiseptic effect.

In folk medicine, creeping thyme and thyme is used in bronchitis, pneumonia, cough.Preparations of these plants is recommended as a good sedative and anticonvulsant remedy for insomnia and epilepsy, paralysis and neuralgia, in various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach cramps and intestines, bloating, poor digestion, constipation and gastritis with low acidity).

In the pharmaceutical industry it is used for the preparation of syrups, extracts, decoctions, medicinal teas.Thyme essential oil widely used for making soap, tooth powders and pastes, elixirs for mouth rinses.

Oil Thyme is shown at asthenia, anemia, hypotension, chlorosis, intestinal atony, bronchopulmonary diseases, tuberculosis, asthma, intestinal infections, and urinary tract, fermentation, flatulence, flu, acute respiratory infections, absence of menstruation, rheumatism, hair loss.Inside: 2 drops of oil 2 times a day with honey, bath - 4 drops;oil burner, 3 drops.

the treatment of diseases of the bronchi and the cough syrup has worked well from plantain and thyme.Psyllium acts as an expectorant, thyme - as an antiseptic and soothing.Preparation is simple: fresh plantain leaves and thyme, finely chopped and put in a pot (3 tablespoons each.), Pour 200 ml of water and infuse for 30 minutes.Add 250 grams of acacia honey and gently heat, stirring constantly, and then cooled again.The entire process is repeated twice more.After that, strain the syrup through a paper funnel or a clean cotton cloth, pour into a glass jar and refrigerate.Take for cough and diseases of the bronchi three times a day on a teaspoon.


If you have sciatica, sore joints and the back, take a hot bath.Dissolve in water 15 drops of essential oil of thyme and 2 tablespoons of baking soda.To enhance the effect of oil, add a few drops of eucalyptus and cedar essential oils (they complement each other perfectly).After the bath, rub the affected area with a mixture of 15 ml (1 tbsp) soy oil, 2 drops of oil of wheat germ, 10 drops of thyme and 5 drops of eucalyptus oil.

remedy for fatigue and depression

Take a warm bath, diluted in water 5 drops of thyme and 3 drops of marjoram.Then rub the area of ​​the solar plexus and sacrum mixture of oils: 15 ml (1 tablespoon) of almond oil, 2 drops of oil of wheat germ, 7 drops of thyme, marjoram and 2 drops 3 drops of rose oil - all part of the mix well.Then drink a decoction.

infusion of thyme

15 ml (1 tablespoon with a slide) fresh thyme leaves insist in 600 ml of boiling water for 5 minutes.Drink hot, his taste for honey.Helps with depression and fatigue, especially useful if you drink it in the morning instead of tea or coffee, as well as stress and foul of the workplace.The perfect remedy for premenstrual tension, menopause symptoms, colds or flu.A decoction of thyme reduces swelling caused by rheumatism and edema.

remedy for acne and dandruff

If you have acne, it is a great astringent to help you.Preparation: a sprig of fresh thyme (or a pinch of dried) 2 cups water, boil for 2 minutes, then infuse for 5 minutes.Add the juice of half a lemon.Rinse the skin several times a day.Thyme oil was used as a means of dandruff.

Tray from juniper, chamomile, peppermint, lavender, thyme, St. John's wort

required.1 needles, 1 tbsp.l.chamomile flowers, 2 leaves, Jem.l.lavender flowers, 1 tbsp.l.herb thyme, 1st.l.herb St. John's wort, 2litra beer.

Method.The mixture of herbs pour beer.Then put on fire and bring to a boil.Then turn down the gas and keep on low heat for 40 minutes.The broth should be cool for 15-20 minutes.Strain.

application method.Now lower your arms in the tub and hold for 25 minutes.

In cooking .Thyme - one of the commonly used culinary herbs.He certainly is a part of a set of herbs (along with laurel and parsley).To plant did not lose its properties, it is dried.Thyme retains its flavor and heat treatment, so this herb is well seasoned stews or other dishes that are prepared for a long time.Since thyme holds iron in meat, it helps digest stews and casseroles.Because of these properties are causing flatulence dishes like beans easier to digest (in ancient Egypt, thyme flavored dishes with beans).Since Thyme has antiseptic properties, it is added to pates, sausages, canned meat and pickles.Its fresh crushed leaves - a delightful addition to the dough for bread, omelettes and dishes from mushrooms.