Allspice useful properties
CLOVES (Eugenia caryophyllata - Myrtaceae) - evergreen clove tree - native to the Moluccas, the Spice Islands.Leaves his leathery, small flowers with a purple calyx and white or pink petals.From the dried buds get a spice called "stud".
However, it is currently delivered in most tropical countries.The dominant role in the global trade of cloves play Madagascar, Zanzibar and Tanzania.Carnation better growing near the sea, so it is mainly cultivated in the islands.Trees are mostly small, can grow up to 9 m, but with a 5-6 meter easier to harvest.Form their tapered, somewhat reminiscent of laurel, but the leaves longer, greener and are visible specks containing aromatic substance.The bark is smooth, greyish.Almost from the very bottom of the stem grow large branches at the ends of which bloom crimson flowers (more precisely, to bloom, if they were allowed).Carnation - a long unblown yellow-green buds appear in the rainy season.Before blossom, they turn pink, that's when they tear the hand from the branch
Buds appear in the tree the age of five, and the annual yield of up to about age is growing.Usually with mature trees collect 3-4 kg of fresh kidney.After assembling their weight reduced to about 1kg.Content of essential oil is about 5-20% by weight of one kidney dried.As a result of the incredible works from one tree get 150 ml of oil.
In the midst of the rainy season, all the island where growing allspice, in the hot, humid air is bottled spicy flavor that Penang are no epidemics, is credited with healing properties allspice aroma (cloves is very strong antiseptic agent. It is significant that after cutting the Dutchat the beginning of the XVII century allspice islanders began to hurt, and sharply increased mortality
Greeks called this tree kariofillum, walnut leaf Dried buds of the plants somewhat resemble nails, hence the name -.. "carnation»
carnation was well known to the ancient Egyptians.Greeks and Romans. Pliny, to the great Roman physician Alexander Trallian praised cloves. Saint Hildegard in his treatise "the causes of diseases and their treatment," wrote that cloves, among other drugs treat headaches, migraines, deaf occurring after colds and dropsy, advised thewho chilly, warm cloves, and those who are thrown into a fever, use it for cooling.In the era of the Renaissance cloves during epidemics such as the plague, was added to the aromatic balls.
description.Clove oil is obtained from the leaves and buds.The water added to increase the boiling point of the salt.To expel all the essential oil, buds need to be treated several times.Just the resulting oil - a colorless liquid slightly yellowish.After standing, it becomes dark brown.Aroma spicy, vanilla, sharp, almost turns the cloves.
main components.This is mainly phenols, especially eugenol, one of the most powerful antiseptics phenolic groups, three to four times stronger than the others.The composition of oils also include acetyl eugenol (it was he who gives a specific flavor), benzoic acid, benzyl benzoate, furfural, sesquiterpene (p-caryophyllene) and vanillin.
Caution.The clove oil often added vegetable (usually palm), as well as the oil from the grains and pimento leaf.Sometimes used as an impurity copaiba oil obtained from kamedesmoly Brazilian balsam tree Copaifera officinalis.And it is very unfortunate, because the medicinal properties has only absolutely unalloyed essential oil.Note that clove oil can corrode metal.
therapeutic purposes. seems all codices agree that the stud has many medicinal properties.This stimulating, and stomach, and expectorant, and sedative and carminative, and antispasmodic, and promote digestion facility.It helps with flatulence, improves the digestive system work and returns appetite.This is why recovering advised to take it.As a means of reinforcing it give those who suffer from physical weakness, mental fatigue or frigidity.However, it is appreciated mainly for antifouling properties.It is used against intestinal parasites and viral infections.It strengthens the immune system and is particularly useful for infections of the oral cavity.
When physical or mental fatigue or easy fatigue, I several times a day chew cloves.It is pleasant to the taste and helps you relax.Especially useful to chew cloves to those who try to quit smoking.
Carnation, as we all know very well, it helps with the patients teeth.It not only kills germs causing putrefaction but also soothes and to some extent acts as an anesthetic (slightly from it numb tongue).When a toothache should put a clove in your mouth from the patient's teeth or to make cotton wool moistened with a drop of essential oil to the tooth.This will help you as long as you do not go to the dentist, to endure the pain.Also, thanks to antiseptic action of clove, no infection will not get into the mouth.You can not abuse the clove oil, long to leave it on the tooth (say, fleece) as this can damage the gums.Here is a recipe mouthrinse with halitosis.A small amount of water, boil for a few cloves for 5 minutes, let the broth to cool, then add a few mint leaves, strain the liquid and rinse your mouth.
When rheumatic pains, prepare a mixture of 25 ml of castor oil, 5 drops of juniper oil and wheat, and 5 drops of clove (to keep in a brown bottle).Apply on the affected area and Stay warm.
In folk medicine, infusion of clove given after the first contractions to speed up delivery.
It also contributes to their more calm leak.
In some countries, the cloves are often used to improve digestion, strengthen memory, as well as a good aphrodisiac.The aqueous extract of cloves used for the treatment of eye diseases, and the oil against toothache, as an antiseptic for sore throat.
3-5 pieces of cloves (for preservation), pour a glass of boiling water and insist 2 hours.Infusion take 50 g, but all the possible and, depending on the severity of the disease.
In Chinese folk medicine, clove oil is used in some skin diseases and buds included in the collections of plants consumed in malignant tumors.Clove oil is used in perfumery and in the manufacture of certain perfume soaps.
essential oil is obtained from the air-dried flowering carnation buds by steam distillation.
Interior application: physical and mental asthenia (memory loss), prevention of infectious diseases, dyspepsia, fermentation in the stomach, diarrhea, flatulence in the intestine, lung diseases (tuberculosis), intestinal parasites.
Exterior application: scabies, ulcers, infectious wounds, dental neuralgia, lupus, to repel mosquitoes, gnats, moths.
Dosing: 2-4 drops of essential oils, 3 times a day in an alcoholic solution or honey.
wounds washed with a 2% solution of cloves.Applications on the gums with periodontitis: 3 drops of clove, orange 3 drops, 15 drops of olive oil to put on a cotton or gauze and apply to the gums.When a toothache: 1-2 drops on cotton wool and attach to the sore tooth.
in cooking. When cooking, do not be carried away by a carnation, as it is able to smell all the other score.It is possible to put one kidney aroma of cloves in meat broth and bread sauce or add to taste in a dish with meat or chicken.The water, when boiled meat, you should always put a little clove.Before cooking the mutton legs put into it with a slice of garlic cloves, then the smell and taste of the food is much improved.Marinate the meat should also be with cloves.Onions, cooked with cloves, sweet, and its aroma, mixed with onion, remember.Carnation put for smell and a traditional German dish -kvashenuyu cabbage.In addition, it is put to the taste and aroma of curry and rice dishes.It also is one of five spices, within the Chinese classic spicy mixture.
cloves added to a sweet apple pie, or fed to pork applesauce.
Many drinks, if they put the cloves, just win, especially spicy mulled wine.Carnation is a part of many liquors, for example in Grenoble "Nossolio" or "Merise" and "Tafia" from Martinique and Guadeloupe.
clove soup.This soup should be taken at the slightest feeling of discomfort in the beginning of winter - at a cold, colds, sore throat.For its preparation will need: 600 ml strong beef broth, 2 peeled and finely chopped onion, bay leaf, 6 cloves, salt to taste.
Put everything in a pot, bring to a boil, then simmer for 30 minutes over low heat.Serve hot, after removing the cloves and bay leaf.
cloves as a spice, used in canning and confectionery industry, beverage industry.
used cloves for dishes of red cabbage, pork, lamb, venison, while herring pickling.Along with onions and kohlrabi leaves it improves the taste of sauerkraut.Cloves are added to mushrooms, jellied meat, improves the taste of pies.Unique taste acquire fish dishes, pasta, sauces for him and the famous Italian pizza, cloves in this case, put in powder form.
can cook clove syrup: 30 g cloves add water (0.5 L), bring to a boil, infuse for 15-20 minutes, then strain through a sieve.Connect with sugar syrup, bring to a boil and cook for 5-7 minutes.
Sugar syrup is prepared as follows: sugar (700 g) was dissolved in 400 g of hot water, stirring constantly, cook over low heat for 10 minutes.As the formation of foam with a slotted spoon to remove it carefully.
In other industries. carnation with orange has long been used in aromatic balls for protecting clothes from moths and debate.And in the Middle Ages with it fought against the plague.Carnation is a part of the dry spirits.The oil is used in perfumery, soap production, and bath salts.The islands of Indonesia (as the inhabitants of the region, according to experts, consume half of the world's production) cloves Use for flavoring tobacco and cigars is said in II.BC.e.China's court before being brought before the Emperor chewed cloves to fight off a bad smell.Eugenol - main component of clove oil - still include some of the known means of mouthwash.The smell of cloves - an excellent remedy against moths.