Cardamom beneficial properties
There are several varieties of cardamom - high herbaceous plants found in India and Sri Lanka.The fruits of Elettaria - small bolls.Mysore and Malabar - these are the two main types of cardamom.The rest of the plant with the fruits (of something and sold as a spice) belong to the family of APT.This spice in the Middle Ages and during the reign of the Tudors was widely used in cooking.
Elettaria occurs in wild and cultured form, usually grows at high elevations (600-1 500 m above sea level).The leaves are long and lanceolate;flowering and fruiting stem grows from the base of the plant;stems from Mysore straight at Malabar - creeping.In flowers, blooming in May, as a rule, purple edge;fruit ripening around early October - boll ovoid up to 2 cm, divided into three sections with rows of dark brownish-red seeds.Creeping rhizomes and powerful point to the fact that this plant is closely related to ginger and turmeric.One of the main dangers for cardamom in the field - a lizard-gourmets.They passion as indif
seed pods should be collected before ripening.From the ripe seed pods when dried enough sleep.They also lose they contain essential oils and hence flavor.Boxes dried and decolorized or on pallets in the sun or in an oven.Once they were destained with sulfur vapor.The market is great demand for white seed pods, not fresh pale green, so valued Indian cuisine.
Most manufactured products in India is to meet local needs in a year exported less than 5 tons.Other producers are Sri Lanka, Guatemala, Indochina and Thailand.Recently, Tanzania and try your hand at growing cardamom.Cardamom - spice, ranked by value of third place after saffron and vanilla.
real Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) - herbaceous perennial, evergreen tropical plant of the ginger family.two types of stems grow from thick rhizomes: leaf stalk up to 3 m in height and creeping bezlistye flower stems up to 0.5 m The flowers are white, gathered in a small brush..The fruits of his yellowish-white with a leathery shell and small seeds.The dried and ground seeds are used as a spice.Cardamom homeland - India.From India, this spice came to the Middle East and then to Europe.Currently, cardamom is cultivated in China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, East Africa and tropical regions of America.
All parts of the plant contain essential oil, resembling the smell of camphor
The number of seeds of his reach to 4-8%.Furthermore, in the seeds it contains sugar, cellulose, nitrogen and nitrogen-free substances.
description.Oil obtained from the seeds by distillation.The substance - liquid and colorless, has a light yellow-green hue.It has a delightful, fresh, soft and spicy smell, so oil is widely used in the manufacture of floral perfume.
main components: cineole and terpineol with a bit of lemon and void and stakes cineol zingiberena.
However, the chemical composition of the oil depends on the variety of cardamom, used as raw material, the climatic conditions, soil quality, etc.
Few plants can be compared with cardamom flavor..;synthetically cardamom essential oil can not be obtained.
In the Middle Ages, cardamom is used to improve digestion, headaches, kidney and as a carminative, anti-cough.In folk medicine, the rhizome of cardamom in India used to date as a stimulant, as well as dysentery and renal stone colic.
In the Middle Ages, cardamom mixed with other additives apothecaries sold as a medicine.
Cardamom has long been used in India as a spice and medicine: about it for at least 1000 years before the birth of Christ is mentioned in the treatises of Ayurveda.In I a.n.e.Greek philosopher Plutarch wrote that the ancient Egyptians used cardamom in religious ceremonies and added to the perfume.In Europe, it was thanks to the Arabs, and was used by the ancient Greeks and Romans, mainly in the manufacture of perfumes.Dioscorides wrote that he likes that kind of cardamom, which is delivered from Armenia.Ovid and other poets sang its exquisite aroma.
ancients believed that cardamom has diuretic properties, it is effective against epilepsy, spasms, paralysis and rheumatic joint immobility.Cardamom seeds for medicinal purposes were put in the wine.Salerno school valued him as an excellent diuretic and stomachic, and helps with heart ailments.Chinese medicine, ancient and modern, a lot of attributes cardamom medicinal properties.Chinese doctors believe that it is a panacea for all of intestinal diseases.
Dr. Leclerc said that cardamom seeds have carminative properties that promote digestion, well stimulate the digestive system.Ms. Mori believed that they - the wonderful pulmonary antiseptic, antispasmodic and a good tonic for those who after an emotional turmoil was a weak heart.
Cardamom when used as a seasoning for food is a natural diuretic, relieves at the approach of menstruation and menopause.Massage oil also helps in these cases.Mix 20 ml (4 teaspoons) of soybean oil, 2 drops of oil of wheat germ, 2 drops of cypress oil and 8 drops of cardamom.Rub it clockwise abdomen, solar plexus and thighs, preferably in the morning.
When indigestion and flatulence can drink a decoction of seeds: throw a few seeds in 600 ml of boiling water and boil them for 2 minutes, then add a bit of fresh mint.Drink postprandial broth can, if desired, with honey.
small green boxes (choti elache) is best appreciated in Indian cuisine;huge black boxes (Bari elache) is much sharper, lower quality and less expensive.Whole or slightly crushed boxes are used in curry and pilaf;ground seeds - ingredient in many curry powders and garam masala almost all.Seeds should always crush;magazine, the powder may be impure and very soon, as it always happens with ground spices lose their flavor.Cardamom is used in India and to flavor sweets and desserts.Seeds on the Hindu festivals and rituals replace sugar.
In Sweden, cardamom is used to flavor cakes, bread and flour confectionery products (according to official data of the fourth is from produced in India), as well as in other Scandinavian countries, Germany and Russia.In Sweden, it is often added to meat dishes like sauerbraten, as well as pies, sausages and pickles.In France, cardamom enjoys less esteem.It is often used for flavoring pains d'epices (gingerbread) and at least - as a seasoning for fish.It can be put into warm spiced wine or mulled wine, such as the German «GILihwein».Bedouins to give coffee flavor of cardamom pods poke him in the neck of the pot.
As spice cardamom has a spicy, fragrant, spicy taste and smell.Dried fruits cardamom used bakery industry, in the manufacture of confectionery products and cooking.Cardamom gives a special taste of the liver, marzipan, cakes, pies, fruit cake, fruit drinks and fruit dishes.Add the cardamom in liqueurs such as "Chartreuse", "Breastplate." Cardamom Fine grinding is sometimes added to black coffee.
As spice cardamom is added to soups, sauces, gravies, meat dishes (pork, mutton, lamb, and poultry),pilaf, pates and fish dishes.
in other industries . The oil is added to toothpaste. in France, it is drunk with syrup for pulmonary diseases. Coarsely grind the seeds can be used in potpourri or herbal pads. in India, believe. that they can enhance libido and improve the performance of the digestive system they put in paan - a mixture of seeds and spices, served after a meal, to facilitate the work of the stomach and freshen breath, especially after the consumption of garlic (also useful it is and heavy smokers).