Chicory benefits and harms

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Chicory - a perennial herb with a strong fleshy fusiform roots.. Its height from 100 to 120 cm Stem Plants straight, rough;leaves short-petiolate, oblanceolate.Basal leaves form a rosette, stem leaves and leaves of cultivated plants almost whole-extreme.

Flowers large, bright blue, bloom from July to September.Big beautiful flower baskets sit on the ends of the branches, and have double-row wrapper.The fruit - achene.

The plant is found in the European part of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, the Caucasus, the Crimea. growing chicory in steppe ravines, on dry Boram, in pine forests on the slopes of hills, sandy and rocky talus.

Benefits of Chicory known to people since ancient times, as it is mentioned in the so-called Ebers Papyrus - an ancient Egyptian document containing medical information era of Amenhotep I (around 1536 BC..).According to written sources, the inhabitants of ancient Egypt used the chicory for making medicines from the bites of snakes and poisonous insects.

Benefit chicory descri

bed in his writings known to the ancient physicians and scientists - Theophrastus, Dioscorides, Pliny the Elder.The healing characteristics of the plant are interested in Avicenna, who prepared therefrom for the treatment of drugs, joints, digestive organs.

In the old chicory root endowed not only drugs, but also magical properties.In many countries the common belief that it can be used to become invisible.There was and is a sign: if you dig on July 25, chicory root and bind it to the staff, it protects the knife and bullet while traveling.The "Botanical dictionary Hermetic medicine" Paul Sedir about this plant is said: "The root (chicory) can serve as a powerful tool against corruption, but to collect it should be with appropriate ceremonies: the birthday of John the Baptist, before sunrise, on his knees, touchroot of gold and silver, and then Judah Maccabee sword pull out of the ground with the vows and other ceremonies.It is collected at Jupiter in Sagittarius and Sun in Leo, and, moreover, in the hour of Venus, he gets the properties to heal ulcers and wounds and promotes the formation of scars. "

chicory popularity increased when at the end of XVIII century German gardener Tamme from Thuringia for the first time made from the roots of plants are a substitute for coffee.Europeans loved the new drink, but it cost dearly, because the raw materials brought from afar.Until now, many people (for example, the residents of Germany and the Baltic states) is pleased to drink coffee with the addition of chicory.In Latvia from it prepare a cold drink with honey, apple juice and lemon and egg in Estonia like coffee with chicory.

Not less success enjoyed medicinal plant in our country.From 1889 until the beginning of World War I from Russia annually sent abroad about 400 pounds of dry roots.The main focus of his billet was Yaroslavl Province.

not lost its significance and chicory healer today.Useful properties of chicory used in folk medicine, is often added to medications.Substances that are contained in it, have anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, sedative, urinary and choleretic effect.Chicory normalizes the body's metabolism, cardiac function, acts as a vasodilator and antipyretic.It is used in the treatment of diabetes, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidney.

As part of chicory root contains large amounts of easily digestible substances, so it is a valuable food product, especially for people with diabetes.It is used in the preparation of sweets and cakes, is added to the coffee and tea drinks, which gives them an unusual taste, odor and color.Powder from chicory root, replacing coffee and strengthens the body while not excite the nervous system.Since tsikornogo coffee contains caffeine, contraindications to its use is almost non-existent.Chicory is put into various dishes (salads, meat dishes, etc.), And is also used for baths designated for the treatment of obesity, diseases of the joints and skin.

To date, there were many cultivars of chicory (witloof chicory leaf, endive, etc.).They are tasty, healthy, nutritious, and contain large amounts of vitamin C. However, their therapeutic properties as compared to wild-type, somewhat reduced, so drugs (teas, tinctures, preparations, bath), better use of chicory ordinary.A dish made from lettuce varieties, can be used as an adjunct therapy.They are very effective in the diet intended for diabetics and obese people.From the shoots, leaves and chicory stems make salads.Young shoots are boiled and stewed.In Belgium leaf chicory baked with cheese or apple wine.Very popular in many European countries enjoys witloof, which put in salads, soups and side dishes to baked, fried, stewed and steam fish.And in Italy are very fond of salad tsikornogo radichchio.In the flowers

chicory chicory contains glycoside, which on hydrolysis is split into glucose and esculetin.The milky juice has a bitter substance lactucin, lactucopicrin, taraksasterol, in the fruit - protokatehinovy ​​aldehyde.

chicory roots rich in water soluble inulin (60%) - a polysaccharide, which is used in dietary diabetes patients as a substitute for starch and sugar.In those parts of the plant is also present intibin bitter glycoside that is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry.The composition of chicory roots found sugar (15%), bitter, resinous and tannins, organic acids, tsikorin, choline, proteins, fats, essential oils, vitamins A, C, B1, B2, PP, manganese, iron, potassium,sodium and phosphorus.

The leaves of the plant is also present inulin.

spectrum of therapeutic action and poleznyz chicory is very wide.Plant toxins outputs from the liver by stimulating its function.Infusion inflorescences calms the nervous system and improves the functioning of the heart, it is prescribed for nervousness, insomnia, hypertension.A decoction of the root is a diuretic and choleretic effect, it is used in cystitis, cholelithiasis, nephritis, cirrhosis, hepatitis.A decoction of the roots and herbs, traditional medicine recommends for outdoor applications such as eczema, acne, abrasions, purulent wounds, diathesis, an inflammation of the lymph glands (in the form of baths, lotions, poultices).Chicory is useful in a general loss of strength, increased sweating, diseases of the spleen, it can be used as a means of normalizing blood composition.Since the time of Avicenna decoctions and infusions of this plant is prescribed for hyperacidity gastritis, enteritis, colitis, cholecystitis, chronic constipation.Fresh juice of chicory helps treat scurvy and anemia.

India chicory used in the manufacture of toothpastes that have anti-inflammatory effect and prevents the formation of plaque.

Thanks hypoglycemic property decoction of chicory has insulin-like effect, so it can be used to treat diabetes.The ability to reduce blood glucose levels and have the leaves of the plant are used in salads in the diet food.Instead of wild chicory can be used witloof, endive, escarole, and other cultivars.

Chicory used as a separately - for monotherapy and as part of drug charges, along with other plants.In 1993, our country has been patented collection of medicinal "Lydia" herbs for the treatment of diabetes.Together with other plants it includes chicory roots.They are included in the collection of hypoglycemic patented in Croatia.

Chicory helps to normalize metabolism, which makes it effective in the treatment of obesity.Thanks to inulin, contribute to the appearance of satiety without eating extra calories, the plant is widely used for weight loss.

For therapeutic purposes, use the root, grass and flowers of chicory.

Chicory root has astringent and hypoglycemic action.Broths from it is used to treat diabetes, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidney, and in the case of diseases of the nervous system.

From grass plants prepare infusions and decoctions, which can also be used in the treatment of the aforementioned diseases.These funds are used and externally in the form of compresses, lotions, washes the treatment of skin ailments.

preparations made from wild chicory inflorescence, calm the central nervous system, improve heart function, increasing the amplitude and slowing the heart rate.

Teen shoots, stems, leaves of chicory ordinary encouraged to include in the diet food.

Chicory in the treatment of diabetes

Diabetes has been known since ancient times, from the disease people tried to treat even the ancient doctors.But, in spite of the accumulated medical experience, it has not yet been able to establish the exact cause of the disease.

Scientists believe that the greatest role in the development of diabetes can play a hereditary factor, especially if both parents have a person suffering from this disease.Predisposition to have it and those who have identified acute or chronic pancreatic disease.

known risk factors that contribute to the development of diabetes, even those who are not genetically predisposed to it.These include infectious diseases, trauma, stress and constant nervous stress, hypertension, atherosclerosis, as well as unhealthy diet: eating large amounts of foods rich in carbohydrate, systematic overeating and obesity.Many of these factors are interrelated.So, stress and psychological trauma often leads to overeating, which is close to the obesity, contributing to the development of type II diabetes.

chicory roots are rich in fructose, which is a healthy food for diabetics.Clinical studies have shown that the inulin preparations made from the roots, provide a pronounced hypoglycemic effect in patients with NIDDM and also reduce the daily fluctuations in blood glucose levels.With this chicory inulin can be used as a treatment for patients with type II diabetes.

Chicory Inulin is indicated for monotherapy in newly diagnosed diabetes in the case of a mild form of the disease and for the primary prevention of diabetes mellitus streets with impaired glucose tolerance, and metabolic syndrome (impaired glucose metabolism, hypertension, albuminosis).At medium and severe forms of the disease will help to reduce the inulin dose major hypoglycemic drugs and will be an excellent means of preventing diabetes complications: diabetic angiopathy, peripheral neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, and encephalopathy.

addition, inulin has a positive effect on lipid metabolism, lowers cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, improves digestion.Moreover, thanks to the saturation effect that can receive inulin, can reduce the feeling of hunger without the use of extra calories is very important in diabetes and obesity.

chicory Methods of Use for the treatment of diabetes
From the roots, herbs and flowers of chicory are prepared decoctions, infusions, tinctures for internal and external use (baths, lotions, poultices, compresses).Widely used fees ingredients which enhance the glucose-lowering effect of chicory, while showing its own useful properties.

ginseng, Manchurian Aralia, devil's high, RHAPONTICUM CARTHAMOIDES, lemongrass Chinese, Rhodiola rosea, Eleutherococcus senticosus helps to normalize the metabolism and restore hormonal balance.

excess glucose from the body derive horsetail, knotweed, birch, cranberries, which also have diuretic properties.

kidney bean, pea, blueberries and galega (Galega officinalis) keep insulin from destruction, activate the synthesis of proteins and fats, delaying the process of gluconeogenesis and normalize glucose uptake, helping its transportation to the cells.

to regenerate beta cells in the pancreas using the seed flax, walnut, burdock, licorice naked, blueberries, mulberries white and black.

interaction with insulin receptors help normalize chromite plant: mountain arnica, ginseng, ginger officinale, bay laurel, lespedeza a cheap, alder, Siberian fir, Potentilla marsh, Salvia officinalis, Leuzea.

contain zinc plants - knotweed bird, silver birch, Canadian goldenrod, corn silk, as well as Salvia officinalis, - contribute to the improvement of immune processes and the synthesis of its own insulin.

addition of chicory, the group inulinsoderzhaschih medicinal herbs are elfwort, dandelion and artichoke, which on hydrolysis form fructose.

are very useful in diabetes blueberry and oats, regulating blood glucose levels.Decoction of leaves and blueberries are used as effective glucose-lowering agent.

decoction of chicory root
Ingredients: 1 teaspoon of crushed chicory root.


• Pour raw materials 200 ml of boiling water, put on low heat and warm up for 10 minutes after the boil, then strain and cool.

• Drink 50 ml 3 times a day for patients with diabetes.

• A decoction of chicory root is also used as a cholagogue in diseases of the pancreas, gall bladder, liver (including in cholelithiasis);as a diuretic for kidney disease;to improve digestion and treatment of metabolic disorders.Externally it is used for bathing, lotions and poultices for skin diseases and gout.

decoction of chicory root concentrated
Ingredients: 2 tablespoons chopped chicory root.


• Pour raw materials 200 ml of cold water and put on fire.After boiling to warm for 10 minutes, then strain.

• Drink as a tea in diabetes.

Infusion of chicory root

Ingredients: 2 teaspoons chopped chicory root.


• Pour raw materials 200 ml of boiling water, let stand for 1-2 hours, then drain.

• Drink infusion per day in 3-4 divided doses.Use an agent for treating diabetes.

Infusion of herbs and roots of chicory
Ingredients: 1 tablespoon chopped chicory flowering tops, 1 tablespoon chopped chicory root.


• Pour the vegetable raw materials 200 ml of boiling water, cover, wrap and let stand for 1 hour, then strain.

• Take in diabetes 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals.Course - 10 days.Then you need to make a break of 7 days and repeat the treatment.

Infusion of herbs chicory
Ingredients: 1 teaspoon of herbs chicory.


• Pour raw materials 200 ml of boiling water, tightly close the lid, let stand for 30 minutes, then strain.

• Drink in diabetes 100 ml 2-3 times daily before meals.

• Infusion of herbs chicory can be used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys, and neurasthenia and hysteria.

Medicinal pickings (recipe 1)
Ingredients: 4 tablespoons of chicory leaves, 4 tablespoons of walnut leaves, 4 tablespoons milk vetch medicinal herbs, 4 tbsp of nettle leaves, nettle, 4 tablespoons of dandelion leaves.


• Mix the ingredients to separate the 2 tablespoons of the collection and pour 500 ml of boiling water.Bring to a boil and warm over low heat for 2-3 minutes, then let stand for 30-40 minutes and strain.

• Drink 50 ml 3-4 times a day for 15-20 minutes before meals with diabetes.

Medicinal pickings (recipe 2)

Ingredients: 5 tablespoons of leaves of chicory ordinary, 5 tablespoons of strawberry leaves the forest, 5 tablespoons herb Knotweed, 5 tablespoons of dandelion.


• Mix the ingredients to separate the 2 tablespoons of the collection and pour 500 ml of boiling water.Put on the fire and boil for 3-5 minutes, then leave for 1-1.5 hours and strain.