Avocado useful properties
American Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) - evergreen tree from the laurel family, 6-15 m tall, with a broad crown, ovate rigid leaves and yellowish-green flowers, gathered in panicles at the ends of branches.Fruit - large pear-shaped drupe.The flesh of the yellow (with different shades), soft and oily.
Homeland avocados - Mexico and Central America.In the US, this plant only in 1856 got the bastard, was delivered for the first time in Russia in 1904 (in Sukhumi).However, only in the 30s on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus landing the most adapted to local conditions avocado seedlings were started, which exist to this day.
The avocado leaves contain essential oils and bitterness obakantin, which has the same effect as an alkaloid of the cacao fruit - theobromine.Decoction of leaves (rarely the seeds) are used against diarrhea.The leaves can be used in the perfume industry.
Calorie content and chemical composition of "Avocado"
The table below shows the content of nutrients (calories, protein,
Calories 160 kcal Protein 2 g
Fats 14,66 g Carbohydrates 1.83 g
Dietary Fiber 6.7 g saturated fatty acids
mono- and di-saccharides 0.66 g
Starch 011 g
1.58 g Water 72.23 g
Vitamins beta carotene 0.062 mg
Vitamin A (RE) 7
mcg Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 0.067 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 0.13mg
vitamin the B5 (pantothenic) 1,389 mg
Vitamin the B6 (pyridoxine) 0.257 mg
Vitamin the B9 (folic) 81 mcg
Vitamin C 10 mg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 21 mcg
Vitamin the PP (niacin equivalent) 1,738 mg
Choline 142 mg
Macronutrients Calcium 12 mg Magnesium 29 mg
7 mg Sodium 485 mg Potassium
Phosphorus 52 mg
Iron 0.55 mg Zinc 0.64 mg
Copper 190 mcg Manganese 0.142
mg Selenium 0,4 mg Fluoride
skin of fruits, leaves and twigs are used in folk medicine as an anthelmintic and gastro-intestinal disorders.In France, on the basis of avocado oil unsaponifiables drug designed for the treatment of scleroderma, pyorrhea, arthritis, Paget's disease.In the elderly, this drug is used during decalcification, eczema, skin inflammations.
Avocados have a pleasant taste reminiscent of walnuts.They are very nutritious and caloric content is significantly higher than all other fruits.For example, the population of Mexico and Central America, avocados are often has the same meaning as meat for us.The fruit pulp contains up to 30% of fatty oil, 1.5% protein, many minerals (potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium).In addition, fruits are rich in vitamins C, E, D, B and carotene.Eat them fresh, sometimes spreading on bread, often with salt or sugar.Of these, make salads, mashed potatoes and a variety of dishes.Avocado oil from the fruit can be used in perfumes.Can be important nutritional benefits in diabetes because they have very little sugar (1.6%).Avocado is recommended to use sick anemia and gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice.Useful fruit and for patients with hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Exotic avocado fruit goes well with such simple and familiar vegetables like celery, cucumbers, cabbage, peppers, lettuce, corn, carrots, as well as with seafood, meat and eggs.
Avocado salad with squid and corn
fragrant paste for sandwiches.
soup with avocado and tomatoes
roasted grilled avocado
recipe for the famous Mexican salad "Guacamole": refined avocado rubbed with a fork untilpuree the state, added to it again, finely chopped onions, tomatoes and all richly flavored with lemon juice.Guacamole eating, catching his biscuits or spreading on maize (corn) tortillas, which are commonly used in Mexico instead of bread ..
Tomato and Avocado
Avocado contained in it due to fats and oils, vitamins and mineralsIt is the perfect cosmetic and therapeutic agent for dry and aging skin.