Cashew benefits and harms
Cashew (anacardium West) (Anacardium occidentale) - it overseas walnut, evergreen tree sumach family, height of 10-15 m, with intricately curved woody stems and branches.The lower branches often fall to the ground and take root.Cashew leaves are leathery, oval, length of 10-15 cm;flowers fragrant, yellowish-pink, five-petal.Fruit -. Purplish-brown edible nuts with a hard shell is grayish-brown, 3-4 cm long peduncle expands into a juicy pear-shaped formation of golden-yellow or red, 5-10 cm long (the so-called apple-mahogany).
Homeland cashews - Brazil, where this tree still grows wild;it is found in the West Indies, we have it does not grow.Cashew nuts were first discovered in the Amazon, and then appeared in most tropical countries."Cashew" - a distorted "kazhu" that the language of the South American Indians Tupi means "yellow fruit".
Currently cashew is cultivated in various tropical countries of both hemispheres.
shell cashew balm contains caustic with toxic substances that cause skin irritation
If not fried core tasteless, after roasting and shell separation, it becomes the most delicate sweet taste, competing with almonds for the right to be called the king of nuts.
Useful properties of cashew nuts are known not for everyone.Cashew rich in protein and carbohydrate, vitamins A, B2, C, and iron-containing zinc, phosphorus, calcium.Vitamins promote the exchange of proteins and fatty acids in the body and lowering blood cholesterol levels, strengthen the immune system, ensure the normal activity of the cardiovascular system.Cashew - the least-calorie nut and contains less fat than other nuts.Many people try to avoid the use of cashew nuts by a false representation to the effect that they contain a large amount of fat.In fact, they even less fat than almonds, walnuts, peanuts, pecans.
As an aid, these nuts are used for toothache, dystrophy, metabolic disorders, anemia.In addition, traditional medicine decoction of the African cashew shell treat various skin diseases - warts and cracks in the skin of the feet to dermatitis and psoriasis.Indian doctors used a decoction of the shell roasted nuts and dried husk of cashew kernels as an antidote to snakebites both internally and externally (in a more concentrated solution).
oil is extracted from cashew-fruit shell, used in medicine and engineering.It is used in the production of several kinds of resins, from which, in turn, produce anti-corrosion coatings, paints and other water-resistant. Stem gives cashew gum, gum arabic like.In some areas of West Africa acrid juice crust cashew balm shell nuts locals use for application to the skin scars and signs of ritual tribal affiliation.
Folk healers in West Africa use cashews to treat toothache and gum disease.Comminuted kernels are mixed with honey and smeared with a mixture of diseased teeth and gums.
Not long ago, Japanese scientists found that contained in the kernels substances can destroy the bacteria that break down tooth enamel.It seems that soon there will be toothpastes with cashews.And in Africa, local healers have long mixed chopped cashew nuts with honey and smeared with this mixture of bad teeth and inflamed gums.
In folk medicine, a decoction of the West African cashew shell treat various skin diseases - warts and cracks in the skin of the feet to dermatitis and psoriasis.
To prepare the broth several shells freshly picked nuts chop and boil for half an hour in a small amount of water (0.5 kg shell with 300 g of water).Then poured the liquid, filter and lubricate its sore spots.
Cashew in cooking
As already mentioned, the cashew has a relatively low calorie, but serves the nuts already roasted and salted, which is why they are high-calorie.Generally, the use of cashew cooking is extremely wide: it and excellent self-starter, and a wonderful component in salads, first and second dishes, sauces and confectionery.Cashew nuts are very popular in Asian, Indian cuisines;also it has obtained excellent oil, more tender than peanut.
Cashew can be added to curries, fried vegetables and rice dishes, saute in butter with spices and serve a snack to drinks.Presumably, given the similarity of the chemical composition of cashew with other (for example, walnuts or peanuts), they can be used as well, like most nuts (a nut milk pulverized with honey and dried fruits, as well as in the food) for the preventioncardiovascular, cancer and other diseases.
Raw cashew nuts - 250 g;sugar - 1 tbsp.a spoon;water - 750 g Mix all ingredients in a blender at high speed and strain "Milk" through the sieve net.
oil from cashew
Yield 225 g
Cook as well as peanut butter, but instead use peanut roasted cashews or conventional.225 g of roasted cashews, 1 tbsp.tablespoon butter, salt (optional).In a blender (mixer) cook puree a lot of nuts, bringing it to a paste, pausing a few seconds in order to scrape off the mass of the walls.Add the butter and stir again.At the request of the ambassador.Store in a jar with a screw cap in the refrigerator.
Koulslo fresh pineapples and cashew nuts
225 g worn on a coarse grater cabbage, 2 green apples, diced 2 red apples, diced 4 slices fresh pineapple, diced, 4 tbsp.tablespoons vegetable oil, 2 tbsp.tablespoons of apple cider vinegar, 2 tbsp.spoons of soft blue cheese, mashed with a small amount of cream, 1 h. spoon of salt, freshly ground black pepper, 1 hr. teaspoon cumin seeds, 1 h. spoon of sugar, 1 tbsp.Spoon low-fat cream or sour cream, 4 tablespoons.tablespoons chopped cashew nuts.
Connect in a large bowl, cabbage, apples and pineapple.In a smaller bowl, pour vegetable oil, vinegar, put cheese, salt, decent pinch of pepper, cumin seeds and sugar.Topping up the cream, beat the mixture well.Add to this mix koulslo.Serve on four plates.At least sprinkle cutting cashews.
1 tbsp.tablespoon olive oil, 1 onion incised leek, sliced 1 red bell pepper, 100 grams of sliced mushrooms, 225 grams dlinnozernovogo rice, 100 grams of cashew, 600 ml vegetable stock, freshly ground black pepper, a pinch of dried herb mixture, lettuce.
Heat the oil and gently fry for 5 minutes before cooking of vegetables.Add the rice and cook, stirring, for another 3 minutes.Add nuts, broth and seasonings, bring to a boil, keep on low heat for about 30 minutes until cooked rice and absorb almost all of the water, stirring occasionally.Serve hot with salad.
Carrots with cashews
1 cup of purified, finely chopped and squeezed carrot, 1/3 cup peeled from the stalk and seeds and finely chopped red pepper, 1/3 cup toasted and chopped cashew nuts, 1/2 teaspoon salt2 tablespoons of yogurt or sour cream, 11 / 2stolovye tablespoons ghee or vegetable oil, 1 teaspoon of seeds of black mustard, 1 tablespoon coarsely chopped fresh cilantro or parsley finely chopped.
Mix in a bowl of carrots, bell peppers, nuts, salt and yogurt or sour cream.Heat the ghee or vegetable oil in a small cast iron skillet over medium heat.Not reach the level of smoke, put the mustard seeds and fry until they turn bluish and start to crack.Pour the dressing into the salad, add the fresh herbs and mix.
Chicken salad with oranges and cashews
3 oranges, 1 cup rice, 2 cups water, 175 ml of acetic seasoning, 2 teaspoons mustard, 1/2 teaspoon sugar, 450 g of cooked chicken meat, 3 tablespoons minced onion-rezantsa, 100 g of roasted cashew nuts, salt, black pepper, cucumber (for decoration).
for acetic seasoning 3 tablespoons red wine vinegar, 130 ml of vegetable oil, salt and pepper to taste.
Preparation of acetic seasoning.Mix vinegar with salt and pepper and whisk to dissolve the salt.Gradually add oil, whisking whisk.
Thinly clean one orange by removing the peel, leaving only white flesh.Stir in rice and orange zest in a saucepan with water, add a pinch of salt.Bring to a boil and cook over very low heat for 15-20 minutes, until the rice is tender and has absorbed all the water.Clear the rest of the oranges and cut slices, collecting all the juice.Add orange juice to acetic seasoning with mustard and sugar and whip.If necessary, add salt and pepper.When the rice is cooked, remove the pan from the heat and open it to cool a little.Discard the orange peel.Put the rice in a bowl and add half the seasoning.Mix well and refrigerate.Diced chicken and put it in Fig.Add chives, cashew nuts, orange slices and remaining seasoning.Mix gently.Garnish with cucumber salad ready slices.Serve the salad should be at room temperature.
cookies with cashew nuts
100 g cashew nuts, 150 g butter or margarine, 120 g sugar, 3 egg yolks, 140 g of flour, 50 g of starch.
Grind the cashew nuts.Put baking parchment.Whisk until a thick foam, cream butter and sugar.Add egg yolks and mix until smooth.Sift the flour and mix it with starch and with ground cashews.Add the whipped mass and mix again.Fill the pastry bag test.Make sprocket size of a walnut, spirals, circles and other figures.Put them on a baking sheet.Cool 1 hour.Preheat oven to 180 ° C.Bake the cookies for 20 minutes, until it acquires a golden color.
Unlike other nuts, cashews ever sold in the shell.And all because between the shell and the shell, behind which Nut, contains a very caustic substance kardol, which upon contact with skin cause serious dermatological problems (the skin is covered with extremely painful burns, blisters).So, before you send the market, nuts are very carefully removed from the shell and the shell, after which, as a rule, carried out a special heat treatment to complete evaporation oil (even a small amount of which may be toxic).Cutting nuts only by hand, and this process is dangerous: even among experienced "divide the land" nut cases kardolom often burns occur.
If you are in any tropical country and you will have the opportunity to clean cashews, do not try - it's very dangerous!