Useful and therapeutic properties of pears
Culture pears - has been known since prehistoric times, the first information about it date back to the pile of buildings in Switzerland and Italy in prehistoric times.This culture appeared in ancient Greece more than 3 thousand. Years ago.In Russia pear penetrated from Byzantium, in the suburbs has become divorced from the XV century.
Pear-tree of the Rosaceae family, to 10-15 meters in height, the fruits are quite large, round or pear-shaped.
Along with apple pear was glorified in the "Odyssey" of Homer, and eight centuries later there were different kinds of cultural pear.Theophrastus describes not only the varieties and agricultural techniques of cultivation.Then, from the Greek and Roman culture pear spread to France, Belgium, England, Germany and other countries.
In Russia, pear, according to the chronicles, cultivated in the XI century in the monastery gardens, and in the XV century it has grown in the gardens surrounding Moscow.Currently pear bred in our country everywhere.The fruits are pear
Here are the contents of nutrients (calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) per 100 grams of edible portion.
Calorie 47 calories, 1 piece (135 g) of 63.5 kcal Protein 0.4 g
Fat 0.3 g Carbohydrates 10.3 g
Dietary Fiber 2.8 g
Organic acids 05 g Water 85 g
mono- and di-saccharides
9.8 g Starch 0.5 g Ash 0.7 g
Vitamins Vitamin PP 0,1 mg
beta-carotene 0.01 mg Vitamin A
(OM) 2 mcg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 0.02 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 0.03 mg Vitamin
the B5 (pantothenic) 0.05 mg Vitamin
the B6 (pyridoxine) 0.03 mg Vitamin
the B9 (folic) 2 mcg Vitamin C
5 mg Vitamin
the E (TE) 0.4 mg
Vitamin H (biotin) 0.1 mcg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 4.5 mcg Vitamin
the PP (niacin equivalent) 0.2 mg
Macronutrients Calcium 19 mg Magnesium 12 mg
Sodium 14 mg Potassium 155 mg
Phosphorus 16 mg
Chlorine 1 mg to 6 mg
Iron 2.3 mg Zinc 0.19 mg
Iodine 1 g
Copper 120 mcg
Manganese 0.065 mg Selenium
0.1 g Fluorine
10 mcg Molybdenum
Bor 130 mcg Vanadium
6 mg Cobalt 10 mg 17 mg
Rubidium 44 microns
fruits of cultivated and wild pears are used in fresh, dried and canned forms, as well as for the preparation of candied fruits, marmalades, jams, pastes and other drinks (kvass compote, cider, essences).Dried seeds and young - a coffee substitute.
fruits of pear contain little sodium and chlorine, so used in salt-free diets.In addition, its fruits are calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, silicon and iron.Sugar in it mainly fruit - 6-13%, about 1% pectin, 0.2% acids, tannins have enzymes and active elements.
Pear is recommended to consume at diseases of the circulatory system, the kidneys.Eat it, you can either fresh or cooked, South pear juice drink, depending on the individual circumstances of the (sometimes the body can not tolerate).The combination of tannins and pectin acts as a protective agent on the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.Vitamins in the pear is relatively small, about 14 mg% of carotene, a few more vitamins B1 and B2, vitamin C - up to 17 mg%.But a lot of other useful substances to the human body.Pear acts refreshingly, good for cleansing the intestines, partially reduces the elevated temperature.
pear fruits contain about 84% water, have a low energy value, so that they are suitable for the restrictive diet.Fruits high in potassium, why they act as a diuretic.The raw pear poorly digested, so it is better to eat boiled.
In folk medicine, a decoction of dried pears is recommended for cough, fever, diarrhea.Reinforcement means most pronounced in wild pears.Juice and a decoction of the fruit is used as a diuretic and is prescribed for gallstones.
has a diuretic and antimicrobial action, useful for kidney stones and urinary tract infections.
pear juice and pulp is a valuable tool that strengthens capillary walls.
Infusions of fruit and juice have urinary and choleretic effect.
Thousands of years ago were known medicinal properties of this plant.The fruits of pear improve mood, help with diseases of the heart, lungs and bladder.
Nowadays healers decoction of dried pears treated with a cold, cough, and diarrhea.
In cosmetics of juicy fruits make masks, which weaken inflammation, rejuvenate and refresh the skin.For oily skin of the face as a tonic anti-inflammatory agent used a decoction of the leaves.
Pears in cooking
In cooking pears can be used in the preparation of desserts, for drying and further processing.Delicious cooked pears, topped with vanilla or chocolate cream with whipped cream and almonds.
In the food consumed fruit pears in fresh and in processed form.Of the pears are cooked jam, marmalade, candied fruit, marmalade, jam, honey pear.
Pears are used to prepare compote, cider, wine, kvass.Their pickled and wet, very tasty pickled pears with cranberries.Dried pears are added to the mixture of dried fruits for compote.
There are various ways of urinating and pickling pears, here is one: 2 kg of pears, peeled, cut lengthwise and remove the core.Prepare the marinade.This will require 250 ml of water, half a liter of vinegar, 450 g of sugar, cinnamon.The solution to boil, boil it until half slices of pears, put in a colander, then shift into the prepared container, add 80 grams of mustard seed and 40 g diced horseradish.Pears pour the cooled solution, the bank tie and store in the refrigerator.
To roast, game and poultry can be fed half baked pears stuffed with chutney made from Japanese quince.
1 cucumber, 4 juicy pear, 1 lemon, 1 tbsp.spoon of raisins, 2 tbsp.spoons of crushed hazelnuts, sugar.
Pears cleaned of seeds, cut into cubes.Add cucumber, sliced, pour the lemon juice.Pour steamed raisins and nuts.Sprinkle salad with sugar and stir.
50 g soft cheese medium fat content.50 g of cottage cheese with pineapple, 3 tbsp.tablespoons sherry.25 grams of raisins.2 peeled pear dessert, a few pieces of almond flakes.
Beat cheese and cottage cheese with 2 tbsp.tablespoons of sherry.Add the raisins.Pear cut in half, raked teaspoon whole core and grease remaining sherry.Place on a plate notched side up.From the top with a spoon cheese mixture.Sprinkle with almond flakes.Before serving, chill.
Salad with pears
200 g of pears, 150 g cream cheese, 60 g of mayonnaise, 30 g sour cream, salt.
Pears and cheese cut into strips, stir, season with salt, mayonnaise and sour cream.Garnish with lettuce, tomato slices.
2 diced pears, 100 g seedless grapes, cheese cubes 100 g, 3 tbsp.tablespoons of grape or apple juice, a little soy sauce, 1 tbsp.tablespoon butter
Mix fruit and cheese.Mix the juice, soy sauce and olive oil.Pour over the salad and refrigerate it before serving.