Broccoli is the beneficial properties and caloric

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Broccoli (broccoli) (Brassica cauliflora subsp simplex Lizg.)

Broccoli - the most thermophilic of all kinds of cabbage.Homeland broccoli - southern Italy.Hence its softness.At an early age are small, up to - 2 degrees of frost can destroy it, but the mature plants can tolerate frosts down to -5 degrees.

Broccoli is different from the color that the flowers do not form a dense head of cabbage, a rise in individual paniculately located fleshy stems 15-25 cm in length. That is why it is called the asparagus.The inflorescences have broccoli green or purple weighing up to 500 g

known that back in the X century Byzantium cultivated broccoli.Currently, this type of cabbage is widespread in Italy, the Mediterranean islands, the United States, England, in the Baltic states and Ukraine.In Russia, broccoli is a popular vegetable growers-fans, because it is very resistant to cold, can withstand frosts to -7 ° C, does not require shading heads, less susceptible to diseases and pests.

broccoli apparent advanta

ge is the fact that she, new and increased yields after harvest some heads.

In favorable conditions, each plant bears fruit broccoli for four months, and during the growing season gives more than three kilograms of product.

Useful properties

Vitamin composition of its very diverse.According to some reports, it contains 0.45-1.0 mg% carotene and 25 mg% tocopherol, 80 - 140mg% vitamin C, there are vitamins B, PP and choline.It is rich in minerals: sodium, calcium, phosphorus, potassium and iron - on the content they compete with broccoli cauliflower.

In the presence of carotene, this culture is superior to other types of cabbage in 7-43 times, 3-18 times in beans, green peas - 7-8 times, pepper - 4-6 times, apples - about 30 times and oranges in16 times.

ascorbic acid in broccoli in 2.2-2.4 times higher than in cabbage and cauliflower, 1.5 times more than in color, and is only slightly less than in the parsley and sweet peppers - recognized suppliers ofvitamin A.

According to the content of riboflavin, niacin and folacin broccoli is not inferior cabbage, red cabbage and kohlrabi.In the presence of thiamine (0.25 mg%) ranked first among all kinds of cabbage and the most important vegetable crops.

presence of folic acid the broccoli, thiamine, riboflavin, methionine and choline treatment significantly improves the quality of the product.Broccoli helps to quickly restore power, so it is recommended to people weakened by illness or after undergoing surgery.It must necessarily be present in the diet of children and pregnant women.Scientists have found that broccoli contains sulforaphane substance which destroys the bacteria that contribute to the development of stomach ulcers.This vegetable is also considered an excellent prophylactic against cancer.With regular use it in food, greatly reduced the likelihood of atherosclerosis disease.It should be remembered, and that broccoli - a great cosmetic, slows the aging process in the body.

Broccoli normalizes the exchange of female sex hormones - estrogens, blocking the carcinogenic effect of the metabolites that cause the growth of tumor cells in the uterus, ovaries, breast, testicular, prostate, thyroid, of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, colon, pancreas,).

Broccoli accelerates the removal of harmful substances from the liver: alcohol metabolism of foods, allergic substances, strengthens and supports the activity of natural systems to cleanse the body in chronic inflammatory processes.

Broccoli is especially valuable included in its composition vitamin C, which can persist for over a year.In broccoli contains volatile, which have antibacterial properties.Fresh broccoli juice used in the treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.Juice broccoli promotes healing of ulcers and quickly leads to recovery or significant improvement in health status.

Traditional medicine recommends broccoli juice in diseases of the spleen, jaundice, and mixed with a decoction of cabbage seeds - for insomnia.Raw broccoli juice reduce warts and seeds have anthelminthic action.

Use broccoli just like cauliflower, but it is more tender and tasty.Broccoli - one of the richest mineral elements cabbages.In addition, it contains easily digestible protein, which contains methionine and choline, possessing anti-sclerotic action and slow down the aging process.Therefore, it is called "cabbage eternal youth."Broccoli is indispensable in the diet of elderly people.Broccoli is not kvass, not canned or frozen, it consumed fresh.

Nutritional value and composition

Below is the content of nutrients (calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) per 100 grams of edible portion.
Nutritional value
Calories 34 kcal Protein 2.82 g

Fats 0.37 g Carbohydrates 6.64 g

Dietary Fiber 2.6 g Water 89.3 g

mono- and di-saccharides 1.7 g
Ash 0.87 g


Vitamins Vitamin A 0,386 mg Vitamin PP 0,639

mg Vitamin A (RE) 386 mcg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 0.071 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 0.117 mg
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic)0.573 mg Vitamin
the B6 (pyridoxine) 0.175 mg Vitamin
the B9 (folic) 63 mcg
Vitamin C 89,2 mg Vitamin
the E (TE) 0.78 mg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 101.6 mcg Vitamin
the PP (niacinequivalent) of 1.1071 mg


Macronutrients Calcium 47 mg Magnesium 21 mg

Sodium 33 mg Potassium 316 mg

Phosphorus 66 mg

Trace
Iron 0.73 mg Zinc 0.41 mg

Copper49 mg Manganese 0.21 mg

Selenium 2.5 mg

use in cooking

Broccoli - a valuable dietary product, it is used in clinical nutrition in radiation sickness, it is recommended to patients liver and atherosclerosis.Eat broccoli salad as a raw or boiled, stewed and fried it in oil.It can be served as a separate dish and as a garnish for meat and fish, soups made from it.Broccoli canned and frozen in plastic bags.In the food are kochanchiki and stems.On the palate, it is close to the cauliflower, but more spicy and piquant.

Eat broccoli food can be both raw and boiled, fried, steamed, with stems and leaves, because the whole cabbage is rich in medicinal substances completely.

Raw food broccoli is best to start by adding it to salads.Just add a bit of fresh broccoli in any vegetable salad, and season it to taste as broccoli blends with sour cream, and is an excellent side dish to meat and fish.

When preparing broccoli, remember that during prolonged heat treatment nutrients are destroyed, so add the broccoli at the end of cooking.

useful to know that when cooking the broccoli in a microwave oven will be lost up to 85% of its principal mineral properties, while steaming reduce them by only 6%.The most useful method of preparation can be considered slow stewing in a little water and no longer than 10 minutes.This will keep all the nutrients and water they provide, which tushilas cabbage.This makes the addition of broccoli soup with a storehouse of vitamins.

Cake broccoli.

400 g of finished puff pastry, 800 g frozen broccoli, 300 grams of frozen cooked shrimp, 8 eggs, 1 cup milk, 1 cup cream, salt, pepper and grated nutmeg.

1) Thaw the dough.Preheat oven to 220 ° C.

2) Boil the broccoli in boiling water (8 minutes).Put on a towel, leave to cool and dry.Thaw shrimp.

3) Roll out the dough, sprinkle with a little flour.Detachable baking dish (26 cm) vystelit parchment and put the dough on top.

4) Broccoli and thawed shrimp lay on the dough.

5) Shake the eggs, milk, cream, salt, add pepper and nutmeg.Pour the broccoli.Bake cake in an oven at a lower level for 50 minutes.

potatoes with broccoli

4 large potatoes peeled, notching and bake in preheated oven for 45 minutes until cooked (potatoes can be baked in a microwave oven).Boil broccoli (500 g) until soft.Join in a saucepan 3/4 cups of beer, 2 hours tablespoons of starch, 1/2 tsp sweet mustard, red pepper, bring to a boil, add 250 grams of grated cheese "cheddar".Put the broccoli for potatoes and pour the sauce.

Broccoli Salad

500 g broccoli, 1-2 carrots, 1 cucumber, 50 g green onions, 1-2 tbsp.tablespoons vegetable oil, 1/2 h. tablespoons cumin, vinegar or lemon juice, salt, sugar, "black pepper.

Cumin pour hot water and let stand for 20-30 minutes.Broccoli and carrots boil in salted water.Broccoli put on a sieve to drain water, cut into pieces 3-4 cm in length. Carrots grate.Salted or pickled cucumbers cut into thin slices, chopped green onions.All mixed with vegetable oil, add vinegar or lemon juice and water, which soak cumin.Season to taste with sugar, salt, pepper.

Growing

broccoli seedlings should be sown in several stages, with an interval of a week, or at the same time sowing varieties with different ripening.

From early hybrids have Gnome F1, Kermit F1, F1 and Brogan Lucky F1 (70- 80 days), middle-ripening - F1 and Fiesta Coronado F1 (about 90 days).

In the Northwest region of broccoli seedlings sown in early May to a depth of 2 cm, two seed in the hole.Then, when these two sheets are formed in plants, in each well is left on one plant, cut at soil level of the weaker of them.Early varieties will be ready around mid-July, later - in August.

Broccoli cabbage varieties more than others need humus-rich soil.Soil must necessarily be neutral, even slightly alkaline pH 7-7.5.

very demanding on this cabbage to the presence of trace elements in the soil, especially boron, so it will have to regularly feed solution "Uniflor-micro" or give any other trace elements solution, necessarily containing boron.If the trace is not present, conventional infusion weekly fertilize ash with the addition of boric acid (l / 3 h. Spoon bucket solution).

Nitrogen fertilization should be done is very limited, because the excess nitrogen in the soil retards the formation of heads, causing the rapid growth of leaves at the expense of yield.However, in poor soil will have a weekly basis to feed the infusion of mullein, or cabbage weed, mullein if you do not.

Broccoli is particularly demanding on the good light, moderately warm temperatures, moderately moist soil, and air.In extreme heat, especially when lack of moisture, the stem becomes hard and fibrous, formed small head and quickly disintegrate into individual flowers.In contrast, cauliflower, broccoli heads are not in the white and colored, of various colors - from light green to dark green, yellowish or purple, and all the flowers are yellow and quite large.Broccoli heads have less dense than that of the cauliflower.

hardest thing - it's time to learn how to cut off the head.Another night they were quite tight, and in the morning you see, instead of bouquets of flowers heads.Ready inflorescence 2-3 days will fall apart into individual florets and soon bloom.Since then, the cabbage becomes malosedobnoy.

After cutting the main heads are not in a hurry to remove the plant from the garden because of the axils of upper leaves is required to form even a head, though small, but in large quantities.