Persimmon useful properties
date-plum - dioecious tree with dark green oval leaves.Flowers axillary, on short stalks;stamen located in semiumbels 2-5, pistillate - single.Calyx 4-5-lobed, corolla brown-red or dirty-pink.The fruit - fleshy berry spherical amber-yellow when ripe - dark brown color.Flowering in May, fruiting in September-October.
The fruit date-plum contains 61% of vitamin C and carotene.Eastern persimmon fruits contain glycosides (68%), flavonoids (0.53%), iodine (49.7 mg%), vitamin C, organic acids, manganese, magnesium, lead, copper, and iron.The fruit also contains glucose and fructose, tannins, gallic group and others
Persimmon Eastern -. Low deciduous tree, cultivated in the gardens of the family of ebony from 6 to 12 m tall with a rounded or pyramidal crown.Ovate leaves it before falling off acquire a very beautiful yellow or red color.Fruit - large berry spherical, sharovidnopriplyusnutoy, elongated or flat shape depending on the variety.Fruit fleshy, round-oblate shape, when ripe pale orange or red mea
Persimmon was distributed in North China and Japan, imported to Europe long before our era.In Russia persimmon got until the end of the XIX century and began to spread as a fruit crop in the gardens at the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.Currently she give serious economic importance.Areas of cultivation are expanding not only in Georgia, but also in other regions of the Caucasus and Central Asia.Sukhumi breeders brought several varieties of persimmon.Persimmon tree can grow in the indoor environment.Nutritional value determined mainly fruits -18% sugar consisting of glucose and fructose.In addition, it contains a protein, citric acid, pectin, tannin, a lot of provitamin and vitamin C (up to 53mg%).
In folk medicine, persimmon is used for various gastric diseases.
According to its properties, it can serve as a dietary product for digestive disorders.In the Caucasus, cleared of seeds and fresh fruit are a folk remedy against furunkuleznyh wounds (they applied to wounds).To do this, you need to apply to boils persimmon slices and fix in place with adhesive tape or bandage.Change slices and dressing should be morning and evening.
in complex medicines fruits are used as a wound-healing agent, and in other cases.
The persimmon lot of iodine, so the fruit is particularly recommended to use in food for people suffering from thyroid disease.Just remember that in the overripe fruit vitamins are left.
Best in medical prophylaxis is its entirety, before and after meals.It will also help with inflammatory diseases and hypertension, disorders of the cardiovascular activity, in solving problems in the urinary system.
However, it should be remembered that in many persimmon sugar, glucose, fructose - so it is with extreme caution should be used for people suffering from diabetes and obesity.
sweet and astringent fruit is eaten fresh, and to eliminate the astringency of recommended half a day to keep in warm water (40 ° C), or simply put in the freezer, then certainly they knit cease as tannins (astringent substances)destroyed at low temperatures.Vitamins freeze once broken a little, but do not feast on persimmon, was subjected to repeated freeze-thaw (and vitamins less and fermentation begins), as well as cracked, wrinkled, stained or mold: bacterial flora it multiplies very fast, and cutting partsfruit not solve the problem.
Canned juice from the fruit of persimmon is used in eastern thyrotoxicosis.Preparing juice from fresh fruits with 20% alcohol.
from persimmon fruit prepare thickened juice (persimmon-to-bash), which is obtained by squeezing the fruit.Applied with hypertension, anemia, as an expectorant in catarrh of the respiratory tract.
Despite the large amount of sugar in the persimmon, and a fairly high degree of satiety, calorie fruit is relatively low.This is why nutritionists recommend that people suffering from overweight, include in your diet this useful fruit.After eating just 2-3 medium-sized fruit (150-170 grams), you can feel the rapid saturation, without worrying about the extra kilograms.The fruit, of course, have to be in the stage of full ripeness.
Here are the contents of nutrients (calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) per 100 grams of edible portion.
Calories 67 kcal Protein 0.5 g
Fat 0.4 g Carbohydrates 15.3 g
Dietary Fiber 1.6 g
Organic acid 0.1 g Water 81.5 g
unsaturated fattyacid 0.1 g
mono- and di-saccharides
15.3 g Ash 0.6 g
saturated fatty acids 0.1 g
Vitamins Vitamin PP 0,2 mg
beta-carotene 1.2 mg Vitamin
A (RE) 200 mcg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
0.02 mg vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
0.03 mg Vitamin C 15 mg
Vitamin E (TE) 0.5 mg
Vitamin PP (niacin equivalent) 03 mg
Macronutrients Calcium 127 mg Magnesium 56 mg
Sodium 15 mg Potassium 200 mg
Phosphorus 42 mg
Iron 2.5 mg
Persimmon is 67 kcal.
Stuck = 85 g (57 kcal)
If you still have purchased unripe persimmons, try to freeze it.After thawing, the fruit will certainly become sweeter and softer.In addition, leave astringent taste - the result of excess tannins and tannin.Unripe fruit can hold in warm water for 10-12 hours or put in a bag with apples, which also accelerate their maturation.
To persimmon benefits were tangible enough for the body to eat one or two fruits a day.But do not forget that the persimmon is useful only in the mature form.Buying it, you have to remember the basic rules.First, pay attention to the stripes on the skin of the fruit: the more of them - so it is sweeter.In addition, the skin should be hard and smooth and soft pulp of (semi).In this case, persimmon be most useful.Mature persimmons should be quite soft, bright orange, persimmon leaves themselves should be brown.Availability berry black dot indicates that the fruit began to deteriorate.And from this also depends persimmon bring you benefit or harm.
Mature persimmons you good health and good mood!
From the fruit can be cooked a delicious dessert.
persimmon mousse. well ripened (fermented but not!) Through a persimmon wipe, dissolve in the water mass with the sugar, add swollen gelatin in water and lemon juice, stirring, heat to boiling.Then cool in the refrigerator, beat with a mixer until a solid foam and then place in the refrigerator.Serve in bowls or portioned kremanki.
1 tbsp.spoon gelatin soak in a glass of water (200 g), persimmon - 200-250 g, water - 200 grams of sand - 2 tbsp.spoons of lemon juice to taste.
Dried fruits are used for the preparation of syrups, jams, jams, jellies, liqueurs, wine, soft drinks.
Mask of the persimmon pulp nourishes, rejuvenates, and for acne has anti-inflammatory effect.It is possible to lubricate the juice dry skin of hands for 10-20 minutes.
Cream for dry and normal skin. Spread a tablespoon of the fruit pulp persimmon with a tablespoon of butter, egg yolk and a teaspoon of honey until smooth.Cream apply on face for 20-30 minutes, remove the excess with a paper towel.
Lotion for oily skin. to one beaten egg whites, add dropwise, stirring, 1/2 cup of eau de cologne, the same spirit of camphor and a tablespoon of persimmon juice.This lotion is recommended in the evening to wipe oily skin.
lotion for dry skin. fruit juice of one persimmon mixed with 1/2 cup of water, a tablespoon of cologne and a tea spoon of glycerin.The resulting lotion, wipe dry, withered skin.
Dessert with persimmon and almond "Winter sun"
Persimmon (2 pcs.) Wash, cut in half and place each half in a baking dish.2 egg protein and 70 grams of sugar in a mixer to whip decorate the protein mixture of each half, sprinkle them with 2 tablespoons almond flakes and bake in the oven at 200 ° C for 5 minutes.Ready dessert expanded in ice-cream bowls and decorate it with mint leaves.
persimmon mousse with pistachios "East Vitsa"
ripe persimmons (3 pcs.) Cut each in half, remove the seeds, remove the flesh from the halves and beat it in a blender with 2 tablespoons of lemon juice.50 g 20% -s' cream with the addition of 25 g of vanilla sugar beat with a mixer, leaving 1 teaspoon to decorate the mousse mixture.Cream mixed with beaten egg whites, add the mixture to the persimmon pulp, mix the ingredients, pour the mousse in glass ice-cream bowls and put them in the fridge for an hour.Chilled mousse decorate with whipped cream, 1 tablespoon chopped pistachios nucleoli, slices of lemon and 1 teaspoon of mint leaves.
By itself, the food product is not harmful, it is only necessary to take into account the medical recommendations in some diseases.Persimmon should be used with caution to those people who suffer from constipation, intestinal atony, adhesions after abdominal surgery.Moreover, the fruits should be chosen sufficiently ripe, that the amount of binders in them was minimal.
So if ripe persimmon improves the motility of the gastrointestinal tract due to it contains pectin and fiber, the unripe fruit produces the opposite effect.It contains large amounts of tannin, acts like flour and like gluing digested food particles to each other.
Do not eat the fruit of obesity and diabetes, especially in the second type of the disease.This is due to the presence of large quantities of fruit sugars.However, a small number of juicy and ripe flesh sometimes you can treat yourself.
Persimmon will not be useful in diseases of the kidneys and bladder at the acute stage.It can cause frequent urination, which will be an additional and unnecessary burden on the excretory system of the patient.In addition, the fruit is not combined with milk, which also should be considered when selecting a ration for the day.