Pumpkin useful properties
Cucurbita pepo or dining room (Garbuz) - an annual herbaceous plant.Taproot branched.Stems weak, prostrate, weak rooting at the nodes, rough, grooved, with a mustache, clinging to other plants or objects.The leaves are large, kidney-shaped, okruglotreugolnye, dlinnochereshkovye.The flowers are large, solitary, unisexual on the same plant - male and female, yellow.Fruit bacciform, polyspermic.large, flat seeds.It flowers from June until autumn.The fruits ripen in August.
pumpkin - melon plant, widespread in the culture of the south of the European part of Russia and Ukraine.
For 3000 years BC Mexico residents have used the pumpkin in a food.Some pumpkins were well known in ancient Egypt.Currently pumpkin grown widely as a vegetable and because oleaginous seeds as well as animal feed.
Pumpkin on 92% consists of water.The fruit pulp it contains sugar, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, vitamin C, B, B1, PP and provitamin A, 30-50% of the seed fatty oil, phytosterols, resinous substances, organi
One of the best diuretics food plants - pumpkin.It contains potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, as well as sugar, vitamins C, B, B1, PP, carotene, protein, fiber.From pumpkin isolated substance, the overwhelming growth of TB bacilli.Pumpkin seeds - popular anthelminthic.Pumpkin is particularly useful in diseases of the heart, kidney, obesity, hypertension, constipation, cholecystitis.
Medicinal raw materials are seeds stored up to 2 years, as well as the flesh.
The seeds contain essential oils, the phytosterol (kukurbital) protein phytin, sugar, salicylic acid, and resin acid oksitserotinovoy.The pumpkin pulp contains potassium, calcium, iron, there vitamins B1, B2, B6, PP, many carotene (provitamin A) and vitamin C, sugars.
rich in pumpkin and pectin.They have a positive effect on the digestive processes, for example adsorbed and removed from the intestinal toxic substances that enter from food and produced during the life of the intestinal microflora.To some extent, contribute to the removal of cholesterol pectins, and they are not without bactericidal properties.That is why pumpkin is useful to include in the diet of suffering from atherosclerosis and chronic diseases of the colon.
Use boiled pumpkin, and a pair.Boiled recommended in clinical nutrition in diseases of the digestive system.The fact that it contains very little fiber and organic acids, so it does not cause excessive gut motility, does not irritate the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines.
slight amount of fiber (0.7%) and organic acids allows you to include a pumpkin to the diet in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and a large amount of pectin has a particularly positive effect in inflammation of the colon.Since pectin promotes the excretion of cholesterol, pumpkin is very useful in atherosclerosis.Raw pumpkin pulp improves bowel.
Very useful pumpkin for people suffering from cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and bladder.For insomnia and troubled sleep are advised to take a glass of pumpkin broth with honey.Slurry of pulverized pulp treat eczema and burns.Despite the many uses fruit pulp, the main medical value for nearly 150 years remains with the pumpkin seeds.Even in the Middle Ages knew about the anthelmintic effect of seeds and now it is the property of seeds is used to treat children, because it is safe and easily tolerated.
In diseases of the prostate, as well as for the prevention, should regularly eat pumpkin seeds, which are one of the best sources of zinc (in a large amount of zinc is found only in oysters).Zinc is essential for men from the date of birth to old age.
Due to its chemical composition, the pumpkin is widely used in dietary nutrition.From it you can cook a variety of dishes, not just the well-known millet porridge with pumpkin.It is marinated, cook jam is used as toppings for pizza, prepare salads, soups.
Especially a lot of potassium salts in the pumpkin more than in color and cabbage.So dish of pumpkin are very useful in cardiovascular diseases and various diseases of the kidneys.To improve urinary flow and anti-edema, doctors advised to drink a fresh pumpkin juice of one-half cup per day.
Pumpkin different low-calorie, so the pumpkin dishes are recommended for obese and full-bodied.
In medical practice, use pumpkin seeds and prepared them drugs against a variety of tapeworms (pork, bovine and pygmy tapeworms, the broad fish tapeworm, etc..), They are inferior to the activity of the drug from the male fern, but no harmful effects on the body.
Pumpkin pulp improves bowel function in constipation, enhances diuresis and is a good diuretic.
When kidney disease sometimes drink the juice from the pulp of the crude (0.5 cups per day).
In folk medicine, peeled pumpkin seeds (up to 3 cups a day) has long been used as an anthelmintic . fresh pulp obkladyvayut inflamed place for burns, rashes, eczema.The result is always good.Sharing pumpkin - an effective diuretic for edema of cardiac and renal origin.
In essence homeopathy use of fresh pumpkin seeds.
300 g seeds (for adults), peeled hard rind, but retained a soft greenish skin, rubbing in a mortar in small portions, after the last portion of the mortar washed with 50-60 ml of water and poured the water into the bowl of mashed seeds, you can still add(to taste) 50-100 g of honey or jam and mix thoroughly.The resulting mixture was taken on an empty stomach, small portions during 1 hour.After 3 hours after the last dose gives a laxative, then another 1/2 hour, regardless of bowel action clysterize.
Children are given at the rate of 15-18 ml per year of life;for example, a child 3 years - give 50 ml of an appointment;child 10 years - 180-200 ml.
In days of treatment must be followed such a diet: 1 day (preparation for treatment) patient should eat pureed or liquid food (soups, liquid porridge, vegetable purees, yogurt, etc...).
worms sometimes come out immediately, but over the next 1-2 days.Therefore, on the 2nd and 3rd day, it is recommended to put 1 per day cleansing enema.
If there are pumpkin seeds (summer, fall or winter), undried, crude, it is possible to prepare antihelminthic medication and in this way: take 500 grams of seeds, grind in a meat grinder together with the shell, pour 5 cups of water and evaporated for 2 hourslight the fire, without boiling.The broth, thickened so almost half, strain through cheesecloth and remove the spoon from the surface of an unnecessary layer of oil.
For children under one year, take 30 grams of seeds.Powder Pumpkin (finished product) completely replaces the seeds;adults - 60-80 g, for children - 30-40, the powder should be mix with a little water until thick sour cream and take 15-20 minutes.
diet is the same as in the treatment of ordinary pumpkin seeds.Powder from a pumpkin or just the seeds are recommended to apply in cases where contraindicated treatment with drugs from the male fern (in diseases of the heart, kidneys and liver, gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, acute gastro-intestinal and febrile diseases and pregnancy (see. Fern male).
pumpkin seeds gymnosperms prepare for treatment as well as the seeds of pine, only a moderate dose:.. 150-200 of diet - see above When insomnia and troubled sleep as a sedative taking a glass of pumpkin broth with honey.
pumpkin pulp is a good diuretic and improves bowel:
• at an alarming dreams and insomnia drink a decoction of pumpkin and pumpkin juice;
• pumpkin flesh - good antiemetic during toxicosis of pregnancy;
• pumpkin seeds are useful to take in prostateprostate and prostatitis.
Broth pumpkin softens cough and chest pain catarrhal nature.Squeezed juice pumpkin soothe ear pain, especially if it is mixed in equal proportions with rose oil.Juice is useful in sore throat and tumors in the brain.
1. The first salad can be prepared in 15 minutes.For this' 300 g pumpkin grate.Add chopped kiwi (2 pieces) and gently mix everything with honey (2 tbsp. Spoons).
2. The second is also prepared 15 minutes.Baked ham (250 g), 1 apple, 1 sweet red pepper finely chop and add 250 grams of pickled pumpkin.Then pour the sauce: vinegar, 2 tbsp.spoon mustard -1 h. spoon, herbs -1 Art.spoon, salt, sugar and pepper to taste.
Harvesting for the future
1. Clean, cut into large pieces, pour boiling apple juice.To 1 liter of juice 200 g sugar, add, if any, cardamom or ginger.Withstands up to full cooling, boil again for 20 minutes, put in jars and pour boiling solution of the same, roll up.
2. Pumpkin in sea buckthorn juice.Pumpkin cut into slices, pour sea buckthorn juice with sugar.1 kg pumpkin, 1 liter of sea buckthorn juice, 1 kg of sugar.Put on low heat, cook until ready in the end of cooking, you can add orange zest.
Courgettes. brought to our country in the XIX century.Zucchini-close relative tverdokoroy pumpkin.In pubs sodrzhatsya vitamins, minerals (especially a lot of potassium, copper), fiber.They are fairly easy absorbed by the body.Marrows contain very soft fiber that do not cause irritation of the stomach and intestine, providing a stimulating effect on intestinal function.Furthermore, dietary fibers are well absorbed zucchini toxic substances and excess water cholesterol and remove them from the body.
Courgettes are important for the prevention of obesity.They are especially useful for older people, since stepping digestive processes, improve motor and secretory functions of the stomach and intestine, a beneficial effect on the blood, prevent the development of atherosclerosis.
Courgettes recommended for use in food in the form of immature (mature become stiff and less tasty).They can be stewed, fried, stuffed, used for cooking pancakes, eggs, salads and so on. N. In this case, take the young zucchini, thoroughly wash them, cut off both ends (remove the seeds and cut the skin is not necessary, but if you have got a more mature fruit,they should be sure to clean and remove the seeds).
1. Take 200 g zucchini, treated as above, grate them on a coarse grater, add grated apple, chopped marinated or pickled cucumber, onion and dill.Fill 30 g of sour cream (or mayonnaise) and mix well.
2. Salad of courgettes and tomatoes.Courgettes grate, tomatoes and onion cut into thin slices, mix with chopped dill and lemon zest, season with mayonnaise or sour cream and salt.Calculating products: courgettes - 150 g tomatoes - 200 g, onions - 1 head, 1 bunch of dill, 1 teaspoon grated lemon peel, mayonnaise (sour cream) and salt to taste.
Fritters of zucchini. Squash peeled, cored, grate and squeeze lightly.Stir in flour, add yolks and beaten egg white.From the mass of prepared bake pancakes.Calculation of product: 600 g zucchini - 1 egg, 30 g of wheat flour, 20 g of melted butter, salt to taste.
zucchini and cook vegetarian soup and a number of other dishes.
blanks for future use
1. Cut chips, laid in three-liter jar, pour boiling solution of 1 cup apple juice 1 cup vegetable oil, 1 cup water, 30 g sugar and 30 grams of salt, 50 g of grated garlic - and rolls.
2. Cut into slices, laid in three-liter jar, pour boiling solution of 1 cup vegetable oil 1 cup red beet juice, 1 cup apple juice, 2 g of ascorbic acid and 3 g of citric acid, 1 tbsp.tablespoon fennel seeds pounded into powder - and rolls.
3. Zucchini, carrots, apples cut into beautiful slices, laid in three-liter jar and fill with boiling solution of 0.5 liters of apple juice, 0.5 liters of water, 50 g of honey or sugar, 30 g salt and 10 pcs.leaves and lemongrass laktinidii.
4. Courgettes cut into slices, put in jars, pour the boiling solution - red beet juice, 2 tbsp.spoons triturated coriander seeds, 30 g salt, 3 g of citric acid, 2 g of an acid or ascorbic.Fill the 3-fold and roll up.
kruknek - bush variety steadfast pumpkin.The bush is compact, 50-70 cm tall, the fruit like a mace or a pear.Kruknek in English the curve of the neck.
fruits of intense yellow color, and in the maturation period is orange and lumpy surface, and the curvature is aligned.Kruknek Flesh is dense, it tastes better courgettes and contains more nutrients.Kruknek rich in potassium, copper, up to 30 mg% of vitamin C. The seeds kruknek, as well as other kinds of pumpkins, contain a lot of fat.Kruknek as a vegetable crop, it is very common in North America and Canada;from Europe kruknek popular in the Netherlands, and especially in the Netherlands.In Russia kruknek not widely used, mostly it is grown in the collection nursery growers and enthusiasts.
Fruits kruknek increase intestinal motility yet it prevents the absorption of cholesterol - and show people who are obese.Kruknek rich in potassium, copper, has a diuretic effect, and therefore useful for people with various diseases of the heart, kidney, suffering from atherosclerosis and diabetes.
Ways to use
In food use unripe fruits.From them prepare exactly the same dishes as zucchini.They are fried, cooked eggs, pancakes, marinated.
Lagenariya (Indian cucumber, gourd, bottle, or Dish, pumpkin) - tverdokoroy kind of pumpkin.It is an annual plant originates from Asia and Africa.In Russia we lagenariyu learned in the XV century, at a time when it was described in his book Athanasius Nikitin "Journey Beyond Three Seas".In Russia, it is not caught on, and it can only be found in the collection nursery yes growers-lovers.In food use young fruits, Zelentsy and souvenirs made from mature.
Luffa or pumpkin mochalochnaya. acute angle Luffa is used for food.its fruits contain vitamins, potassium, calcium, organic acids and many other valuable substances.Eat-Zelentsy young fruits when they are fragile, delicate, fragrant and delicious.
There luffa from the tropical areas of Asia (India) and Africa.Cultivate it in the tropical and subtropical regions.It grows well in India, Egypt, countries of Indochina, Asia Minor, the tropical regions of South America, as well as in Japan and China.Not bad to her and on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, in the North Caucasus and the Crimea.
Pattinson - bush tverdokoroy kind of pumpkin gourd family.
Pattinson - annual plant bush and semi-bush form, by their appearance does not differ from the zucchini, other than fruit.The fruits of bell-squash, trayed, round or flat-shaped, white or yellow, without pattern or with a pattern of green stripes or spots.Seeds of white or cream, is much smaller than in the tavern.Pattinson hails from Central America, Russia was in the late XIX century.
Food quality squash higher than zucchini.The flesh is denser contains digestible carbohydrates, pectin, vitamins (30% ascorbic acid), alkaline mineral salts that promote better digestion of protein foods and keeping the blood alkaline reaction.
Ways to use
Medicinal properties similar to squash squash.Dishes from squash are especially useful in diseases of the kidneys, liver, and catarrh of the stomach ulcer and bowel, as well as in atherosclerosis.In the food consumed young ovary (8-12 day).They can be fried, roll in flour and served with sour cream.Very tasty and pickled squash.
Salad with tomatoes and squash in Polish
4 tomatoes, 400 g of squash, 1 onion, 3 tbsp.tablespoons vegetable oil, salt, black pepper, parsley.
Patissons peeled, finely chop along, then - across.Onions cut into rings, and the peeled tomatoes cut into 4 pieces.In a skillet fry the onions, then the scallops.Add salt, pepper, a little water, cover and simmer for a few minutes.Mix the squash with tomatoes, season with salt, pepper, vegetable oil.Salad cool and sprinkle with parsley.