Lentils useful properties and contraindications
lentil (Lens culinaris Medic) - annual herbaceous plant that belongs to the legume family.Sheet complex, has a pair of oval leaves and tendrils, stalk furrowed.Fruit - flattened beans, a disk-shaped seeds of different colors, depending on the variety.Her cultivated since ancient times, it has been cultivated in Eastern countries in prehistoric times.It is believed that the culture of lentils originated in the mountainous regions of south-west Asia, and from there spread to the west - to Ethiopia with adjacent states and in the Mediterranean -Spain, Greece and Portugal.
There are about 10 types of lentils, which are common in the Mediterranean, the Caucasus, in Central Asia.It is considered one of the oldest crops cultivated by man since the Neolithic era.
Scientists suggest that in Egypt lentils has been brought by the Arabs, the Jews and the other tribes of the Euphrates River in the days of the dynasties of the Pharaohs (Egyptian kings), that is, for many centuries before our era.Scholars of antiqu
lentils from Italy came to Germany, and then to the Lithuanians and Slavs.The literature mentions lentils in Russia as the only culture in X-XII centuries, our, age, and as a food widespread use-only in the XV century.
lentil seeds razvarivaemostyu different light, good taste, easy digestibility body.The seeds of lentils 60% -more valuable protein than meat.Moreover, in which 6% of starch, carbohydrates, fiber, minerals.
The I-V centuries AD from her prepared drug, touted as a panacea for all kinds of diseases.This drug is called "Revalenta arabica" - «arabian strengthening." Medicinal properties of lentils were certainly exaggerated.But the presence of a large number of lentil grain protein, starch and other nutrients, in fact, could have a salutary effect, especially in malnourished patients.
Calorie and chemical composition
The table below shows the content of nutrients (calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) per 100 grams of edible portion.
Calories 295 kcal Protein 24 g
Fats 1,5 g Carbohydrates 46,3
Dietary fiber 11.5 g Water 14 g
mono- and di-saccharides
2.9 g Starch 43.4 g Ash 2.7
g saturated fatty acids 0.5 g
Vitamins Vitamin PP 1,8 mg
beta-carotene 0.03 mg
Vitamin A (RE) 5 mcg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 0.5 mg of Vitamin B2
(riboflavin) 0.21 mg Vitamin
the E (TE) 0.5 mg Vitamin
the PP (niacin equivalent) 5.5 mg
Macronutrients Calcium 83 mg Magnesium 80 mg
Sodium 55 mg Potassium 672 mg
Phosphorus390 mg 75 mg Chlorine
Sulfur 163 mg
Iron 11.8 mg Zinc 2.42 mg
Iodine 3,5 mg Copper 660 mcg
Manganese 1.19 mg Selenium 19.6 mcg
10.8 mcg Chromium Fluoride
25 mcg Molybdenum
Bor 610 mcg
Silicon 80 mg 11.6 g
170 mcg 161 mcg
Energy value of lentils, grain 295kcal.
glass of 250 ml = 210 g (619.5 kcal)
glass of 200 ml = 170 g (501.5 kcal)
Healing lentils due to those substances which are included in its composition.This iron, folic acid, soluble and insoluble dietary fiber.It facilitates bowel movements, regulates blood sugar (which is very important for diabetics), prevents cancer of the colon and pancreas.
The lentils are very low in fat, high in protein and carbohydrates, a lot of thiamine, have potassium, copper, magnesium and zinc.
Dishes of lentils are encouraged to include in the diet of diabetic patients several times a week.This will greatly enhance the body's defenses and can serve as a measure of cancer prevention.
soup, various salads, porridge of rice and lentils are valuable nutritious and healing food.
Flour, lentil is a part of many drugs, is used in folk medicine.The mixture of the flour with butter treat burns, and with egg yolk - wound.The broth of lentils are recommended for renal stone disease.
In European countries, lentils widely known as the food and feedstuff.For high-grade baking cookies and biscuits the dough add lentil flour.In France, lentil flour is used to make cheap varieties of sweets and chocolate, and in Germany it is added to the sausage meat.
In Saxony and Thuringia lentils is still revered by the Germans as a festive meal is served on Christmas Eve and Christmas Eve.In England, lentil dishes eaten during fasts, probably here and there botanical name of lentils "lens" from the English "lent", which means "post." Lentil soup was ordinary food during fasts and in pre-revolutionary Russia.
in Russian cuisinethere are a lot of tasty and nutritious dishes of lentils.
2 cups lentils washed, put in a pot, add salt, add a clove of garlic, 1 finely chopped onion, add water and cook. Cooked lentils recline on a sieve, then serve withoil and vinegar.
Lentils with butter, tomato and onion
lentils bust, rinse well, pour 2 cups of cold water and leave to swell for 3-4 hours. Then drain the water, pour fresh water and put to boil. Before willingness to putsalt. Once the lentils become soft, drain the remaining water, put oil and serve. lentils can also fill with fried onions.To do this, one medium sized onion should be cut into small pieces and fry with a little oil.Other oil put directly into lentils.Lentils in tomato sauce with onions cooked in the same way only in the fried onion add 3 ~ 4 tablespoons tomato and boiled.Lentils in cream with onions prepared just like lentils with a bow: in fried onion add half a cup of sour cream and allowed to stand.For 1 cup of lentils will need 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil.
Lentil stew with bacon
washed lentils soak in cold water.Breast scald with boiling water and cut into thin slices.Then chop the onion and lightly fry it with bacon.After that, put the lentils and bacon in a pan, pour a glass of water or broth, add the tomato puree, salt, pepper, bay leaf and cover the pan with a lid, simmer for 30 minutes.Before serving, ready to put the lentils on plate and sprinkle with chopped parsley, dill.In the same way to cook the lentils with dried apricots.For 1 cup of lentils require 150 g of bacon (or 50 g of dried apricots), 2 onions, 1 tbsp tomato puree (lentils with dried apricots for an additional 25 grams of walnut and 2-3 tablespoons of vegetable oil).
washed lentils utyatnitsu put in, add water and let stand for 5-6 hours for the swelling.Then add water utyatnitsu that its level was 2 cm above the level of the grain.Edges utyatnitsu grease and put the lid.Utyatnitsu prepared thus put in the oven for 2-3 hours.Ready lentils very pleasant smell, and there is almost no water.The hot mash with lentils, salt and add sugar, stir well and cool.Cold stuffing wrapped in dough with a piece of butter.Such pies consumed hot.The lentil stuffing can be added to vegetable oil, especially good taste delivers oil from hemp seed.When you add the vegetable oil cakes are tasty and cold.
175g soak 2:00 brown or green lentils, 1 crushed clove of garlic, 175 grams of grated cheese "cheddar", 1 tbsp.Spoon tomato ketchup, 2 tablespoons.tablespoons sweet pickle, a little soy sauce, salt and freshly ground black pepper.
Drain the lentils, place in a pot with drinking water, bring to a boil and cook at low boil for about 45 minutes before the cooking of.Drain, add the garlic, almost the whole cheese, ketchup, pickle, soy sauce and salt and pepper.Pour into a greased heat-proof dish and sprinkle with the remaining cheese.Bake in a preheated oven at 200 ° C for 20 minutes until golden brown.
lentil cakes with chicory
225 g green lentils, 1 carrot, diced,
dlinnozernovogo 50 g rice, 2 beaten eggs, chopped 2 cloves garlic, 2 tbsp.spoons of wheat flour, salt and freshly ground black pepper, 3 tbsp.tablespoons seasoned flour, frying oil, 4 heads of chicory (Belgian endive), 3 tbsp.olive oil, 1 tbsp.spoon of vinegar, 1 hr. teaspoon English mustard, 2 tbsp.tablespoons sliced parsley.
Cook lentils, carrots and onions in salted water for 25 minutes.Drain and cook the puree in a blender or vegetable cutter.Meanwhile, for 20 minutes cook rice.Drain and add the puree of lentils.Connect with eggs, garlic and flour, meal.Add spices to taste.From a mixture of blind by 4 patties.Roll in seasoned flour.Fry for 3 minutes on both sides until golden brown.Cut the chicory in thin layers.Wash and thoroughly remove the water.Mix the olive oil, vinegar and mustard and sprinkle on chicory.One portion serve one lentil cake.
Contraindications It is not recommended to eat lentils in diseases of the genitourinary system, urate diathesis.Various diseases of the joints, which is exposed to the body completely independently of the age of the person, are also considered a contraindication inclusion in the diet of lentils nutrition.
With great care to eat with gout.All legumes, beans, peas, lentils, can cause stomach bloating, gas, and the appearance of discomfort in the stomach.Before their use need to eat a salad, cooked vegetables, with optional addition of fresh herbs, such as cilantro, drink green tea.These products effectively resist possible unpleasant consequences lentils use.
serious contraindication lentils can assume numerous kidney disease.Harmful legumes, especially lentils, for the body of some people is to keep them in a special substance, contributes to the formation of kidney stones.Undesirable to use for people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, pancreas and gallbladder.With great care and in small doses can include lentils into the diet for young children and elderly people.Such contraindications lentils are based on the content in it excessively high amount of purine compounds, heavily borne by these groups of people.
Lentil requires experience cooking and spent quite some time on cooking.After a few undercooked lentils, legumes can cause symptoms of poisoning.These signs are frequent retching, severe headache, somewhat jaundiced skin tone, brown urine.The occurrence of hazardous symptoms requires timely qualified medical aid.
serious contraindication lentil is a disease, such as hemorrhoids.In addition, if a person is experiencing some difficulties with urination, it is clearly contraindicated include diet dish of lentils and other legumes.Frequent use of this legume can be a feeling of dryness of the skin, so people with skin diseases with any problems, you should first consult your doctor before you eat lentils.It is noticed that lentils reduces the absorption of many nutrients such as calcium, iron, zinc, it is not recommended to eat only lentils alone, although its use thrice weekly desired.