Buckwheat useful properties and caloric
buckwheat (Fagopurum sagittatum Gilib) - an annual herbaceous plant of the family Polygonaceae, her heart-shaped leaves and small flowers whitish-pink or greenish-yellow fruit triangular achenes.
homeland - Mongolia in the wild is found in Kazakhstan and China.In Tibet, buckwheat is known long before our era, in the Middle Ages - buckwheat grown in southern Siberia.In the XIII century it was already known in Central Europe.Currently, in our country as a cultivated plant buckwheat widespread.
India buckwheat called black rice, in other countries of East and West - black wheat.Russian name "buckwheat" suggests that the ancient Slavs probably crap borrowed from the Greeks, who lived on the shores of the Black Sea.
separating the fruit shell of grains of buckwheat groats is prepared: unground buckwheat and slipped.Buckwheat - a valuable dietary product, it contains mineral elements: iron, phosphorus, calcium, organic acids, vitamin B complex, so the porridge of buckwheat recommend that patients with dia
cultivated in the middle belt of the European part of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus.
annual grassy plant in height from 15 cm to 1.2 m. The stem is erect, branched, succulent, hollow inside, young plants green, then its color becomes reddish-green and even red.Taproot silnovetvisty.Leaves entire, alternate, triangular, with swept base and filmy socket at the bottom of the short petioles of lower leaves, upper leaves - sessile.Flowers with a simple perianth, pink, quinquepartite.Stamens 8, 1 pistil with three columns.In various flowers and stamens of bars of different lengths.Buckwheat is pollinated primarily by bees.
inflorescence - scented brush.Fruits -trehgrannye brown or dark gray nuts with sharp edges, covered with membranous sheaths.For cereals fruits free from these inedible skins ( "bring down") in special mills.The best varieties of buckwheat, hexagon shape and a purified from the outer membranous sheath, known as "unground".Varieties in which the fruit is partially or almost completely deformed (chopped into pieces), referred to as "slipped."It blooms in June and July, the fruit ripens in August and September.
Medicinal raw materials are the tops of leafy flowering stems -trava and seeds, buckwheat flour, sifted through a fine sieve.Collection of raw materials produced during flowering, seed - to the extent of maturation, the raw material is dried in the air, in the shade or the dryers at a temperature of 30-40 ° C.
Beans buckwheat contains: digestible protein - 16% (including the essential amino acid - arginine, and lysine), carbohydrate - 30%, and fat - up to 3%) and a lot of minerals (iron, calcium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, boron, iodine, nickel, cobalt), cellulose, malic, citric, oxalic acid, vitamin B (buckwheat 1.5 times greater than millet) PP and P (rutin).
Buckwheat unground in 100 g of water contains '14, protein 12.6, fat 2.6 g carbohydrates 68.0 g Calories 100 - 329 kcal.
Buckwheat (whole grains) - calorie 100 g - 335 kcal.
Light buckwheat flour - calorie 100 g - 347 kcal.
Dark buckwheat flour - calorie 100 g - 333 kcal.
boiled buckwheat and its calorie content - one hundred grams - 103 kcal.
steamed buckwheat and its calorie content - one hundred grams - 298 kcal.
buckwheat in 100g of water contains '14, protein 9.5, 1.9 of fats, carbohydrates 72.2 g
In the grass found: glycoside rutin, chlorogenic, gallic, caffeic acid and protokatehinovaya.The seeds contain starch (67%), fatty oils, citric acid, malic acid.From flowers isolated fagopirin.
Preparations buckwheat have hypotonic, anti-sclerotic, expectorant properties and buckwheat contained in rutin reduces the fragility and permeability of capillaries.
Application in Medicine
is used for the treatment of hypo-and avitaminosis P, in the treatment and prevention of bleeding in the brain, heart, retina, a tendency to bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes (hemorrhagic diathesis) for hypertension in conjunction with medicationlowering blood pressure in the treatment of rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, measles, typhus, as well as for the prevention and treatment of vascular lesions, associated with the use of anticoagulants, X-ray and radiation therapy and radiation sickness.For the treatment and prevention of conditions that are accompanied by hemorrhage (brain, heart, retina, skin and mucous membranes), vitamin E usually used in conjunction with vitamin C. Contents
levitsina makes use of buckwheat in liver disease, cardiovascular and nervoussystems, kidney, diabetes.It is very well absorbed in combination with milk.Buckwheat is included in the menu obese.Its include reinforcing diet for the elderly and patients with severe disease.Healing properties and has buckwheat honey.
Infusion of flowers: brew 200 ml of boiling water 1 tbsp.l.buckwheat flowers, to insist 40 minutes, drain.Drink as a tea without dosage for coughs and sclerosis of the blood vessels with high blood pressure, are sometimes added to tea cottonweed grass as a means of calming the nervous system and lowers blood pressure.
Infusion of flowers: brew 200 ml of boiling water 1 tbsp.l.buckwheat flowers, to insist 40 minutes, drain.Drink 1-2 tbsp.l.3-4 times a day 20 minutes before meals with multiple sclerosis.
Infusion of flowers: brew 1 liter of boiling water 40 g of flowers, to insist 30 minutes.Drink 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day before meals with bronchitis, leukemia and anemia.
Infusion of flowers of buckwheat: pour 2 cups boiling water 1 tbsp.l.flowers, for 20 minutes, drain.Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day to remove thick mucus from the bronchial tubes and for softening of dry cough.
The infusion of the flowers and leaves is used as an anti-sclerotic, with hypertension.With a daily intake of 2-3 cups of tea buckwheat 2-3 weeks comes a tangible improvement.
Fresh leaves applied to wounds and abscesses.
Dry buckwheat flour, sifted through a sieve, is recommended as baby powder.
powder of the leaves are used as a powder on the festering wounds.
Buckwheat thanks to its high content in their routine use as a raw material for medicines routine urutina and rutamina.Collect them during flowering.
Ways to use
In diseases of the pancreas and the stomach is very helpful infusion of buckwheat flour to yogurt.
The Pour a cup of yogurt a tablespoon passed through a grinder buckwheat, mix thoroughly and drink.Drink in the morning and evening for 30 minutes before eating.
Those who can not afford expensive drugs for weight loss, it is proposed to lose weight on buckwheat porridge.This old Russian diet used excessively rastolstevshie widow.Buckwheat porridge, cooked in water without salt, sugar and butter, eat 2-3 times a week.This porridge quickly removes the feeling of hunger, but the bulk of the body is not absorbed, it takes only the necessary nutrients, and buckwheat enough of them.Five days on buckwheat porridge, cooked in water, without milk, sugar, salt and butter, give the same effect as that of the full three days of fasting, but without unpleasant consequences (fainting, dizziness and the like) and a particular voltage.If at least 2 days a week there is a mess in any quantities and drink mineral water (exclude these days sweet tea, coffee, juices, fruit drinks, etc.) in two months you can lose 6-8 kg.
Buckwheat honey - a great drug that contains more than 100 of physiologically active substances.It is much more protein and iron than in linden and flower.
Buckwheat is very popular in Russian cuisine.From it cook porridge (with sour cream, milk, on the mushroom broth, and cheese).From it makes burgers and grechneviki who were the subject of street peddling, wrote about it B. Giljarovsky.
To prepare this dish is cooked buckwheat porridge viscous, it is cooled to about 60 ° C, add the raw beaten eggs, mix well, spread on a pan or pans, greased.When cereal hardens, it is cut into pieces of 4x4 cm and fried on both sides in vegetable oil.
necessary to pay tribute to the fact that buckwheat - it is one of the most useful of cereals in the diet.However, in order to make the porridge tasty, tender and crumbly, it is necessary to try hard and pay attention to the cooking process and technology.Just buckwheat calorie contains 132 units.Many cooked buckwheat porridge as follows: two parts water to one part cereal.Someone takes three parts water.If you can not do without milk, the calorie buckwheat and buckwheat calorie boiled supplemented calorie milk.There are many diets, in which a product called buckwheat calorie which, no doubt, is very low, is almost the main course.From what boiled buckwheat has a low calorie, she is loved by many.
Cook crumbly buckwheat, add fried onions, seasoned Butter.Kochan cabbage cook until soft in salted water, disassemble the leaves and wrap them in the mess.Stuffed cabbage fry, pour sour cream and stew.
Our grandparents cooked very tasty buckwheat porridge with cheese: Cook crumbly buckwheat.In greased with butter saucepan put layers of cereal and grated cheese.Top and sprinkle with grated cheese, pour the melted butter, browned in a hot oven, the dish is ready.
in boiling water to fall asleep buckwheat and cook it until tender.In a bowl put the cereal and grated apple.To taste add vegetable oil, sugar or honey, jam.
Contraindications Contraindications to the use of buckwheat products is increased blood clotting.