Ginger useful properties , contraindications, and application

June 20, 2016 23:14 | Drug Plants

Ginger - is a tropical herbaceous perennial with rhizomes tuberiform dissected.It grows in Japan, India, Central America, Ceylon, China. Ginger - one of the first spices, imported to Europe from Asia.

ginger as a spice and a drug known since time immemorial, has 3 thousand years ago, people paid attention to its unusual taste and medicinal properties.In Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of Vedic medicine, this plant is called the universal medicine.

essential oil obtained from the rhizomes.To obtain 1 kg of oil must be 50 kg dry rhizomes.

The content of nutrients, minerals and vitamins in 100 g of crushed ginger root

Nutrients (g)

Minerals (mg)

Vitamins (mg)

Proteins - 9,2

Mg (magnesium) -184

C (ascorbic acid) - 12

Fats - 5,9

F (phosphorus)-148

B1 (thiamine hydrochloride) - 0,046

Carbohydrates - 70,9

Ca (calcium) -116

B2 (riboflavin mononucleotide) - 0,19

Fiber - 5,9

Na (sodium) - 32

B3 (niacin, nicotinic acid) - 5,2

Fe (iron) - 11,52

A (retinol acetate) - 0,015

Zn (zinc) - 4,73

K (potassium) -1,34

main components in the composition are tsingiberen ginger or zingiberen (about 70%), starch (4%), camphene, linalool, gingerin, phellandrene, bisabolen, borneol, citral, cineole, sugar and fat.Burning taste of spices gives fenolopodobnoe substance gingerol (1.5%), and a pleasant aroma - essential oil (1-3%).

first began to cultivate ginger in North India.The Phoenicians, traded in these parts, its rhizome used as a currency, and a little later, having tried "currency" to the taste, began to deliver them already as a valuable and expensive spice in the Mediterranean country.It was the Phoenicians introduced with ginger inhabitants of ancient Egypt, and soon became the main center of Alexandria importer.How to use ginger for weight loss.

amazing plant immediately attracted the attention of the ancients, its properties are studied Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder and the Greek physician and pharmacist Dioscorides, who described the ginger in his famous book, "On the medical matter" as a means of improving digestion and warms the body.Dioscorides appointed drug of ginger root to their patients suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.The ancient Romans were treated with this spice eye diseases, and the ancient Greeks eliminates the effects of heavy feasts using ginger wrapped in bread cake.

popular plants have contributed to the Arab merchants who began to import it in the West African country, which subsequently ginger not only used for culinary purposes, but also ate at the sore throat and hoarseness.

About two thousand years ago, an exotic spice came to China.Its unique properties immediately attracted the attention of scientists and physicians.Ginger is mentioned in scientific works of the legendary Chinese philosopher Confucius.

healers of East Asia was considered a good natural ginger root stimulator and recommended it as a means to prolong youth.The Chinese have used it as a means for improving memory, especially in the elderly.Chinese sailors chewed ginger to reduce the symptoms of motion sickness;The Japanese have used overseas root as a remedy for wounds, nausea, hangovers.

In China, ginger endowed aphrodisiac properties, hence its name, translated from Chinese as "masculine."As a means of inciting the passion spice is mentioned in Arabic tales "Thousand and One Nights."

In the Middle Ages, from Greece and Rome, the ginger root was in England, and then in other European countries.In the X century thanks to the healing properties of plants made in Anglo-Saxon medical reference.Ginger not once mentioned in the British scientific works of the time.In England, it was extended almost as wide as the red pepper.Cost overseas root is very expensive, but despite this, his success grew from year to year.Ginger flavored dishes of meat, poultry and vegetables, it was added to baked goods, jams, wine, beer and other beverages.A great delicacy in those days was considered a ginger bread, which is very loved by Queen Elizabeth I.

About ginger popularity in Europe, says the name of the street that housed shops selling spices - Ginger Street (in translation from English means ginger "Ginger").British doctors prescribed an exotic root as a remedy for various diseases.King Henry VIII of, reputed to be a great admirer of spices, recommended him as Anti drug.To enhance the therapeutic properties of ginger, it was mixed with other spices, such as cardamom and nutmeg.

In our country, the ginger is known since the days of Kievan Rus.He added in a variety of dishes - kvass, liqueurs, Braga, Sbitnev, meads, muffins and cakes.In the old days was famous gingerbread, which further due to its spicy taste gave the name of the new confectionery products - carrots.In the XVI century Domostroy encouraged housewives to preserve watermelon rinds in spicy syrup with "Ginger".In 1911, NF Zolotnitsky wrote: "... the famous little Russian borsch prepared in the XVI century, and cut beets into slices seasoned with ginger served at boyars peers as an appetizer for the appetite."

But residents of Soviet Russia, the taste and aroma of ginger was a stranger: after the revolution, the old channels of import of spices have been lost, and many recipes for delicious and healthy dishes and drinks with ginger forgotten.Overseas root appeared on the shelves of our trading recently.

Healing properties

Wonder root has effects:

  • expectorant,
  • antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antibacterial,
  • antiarterioskleroticheskoe (cleans the walls of vessels from atherosclerotic plaques),
  • laxative, carminative, choleretic,
  • anthelmintic,
  • promote digestion, antidotal with mushroom poisoning,
  • deducing excess cholesterol and prevents its accumulation,
  • anticoagulant (inhibits thromboxane and is an agonist of the prostacyclin),
  • antihyperglycemic (fresh juice),
  • antispasmodic (relieves spasmsdifferent origins),
  • stimulating blood circulation,
  • antiulcer (treating skin ulcers and boils),
  • diaphoretic,
  • slyunogonnoe, and significantly increases the content in the saliva of the digestive enzyme amylase,
  • cardiotonic (responsible for the tone of the heart muscle),
  • increases sexual arousal, male and female potency,
  • peripheral vasodilator,
  • positive inotropic,
  • aphrodisiac, tonic,
  • action catalyst and a synergist with other herbs (it allows to show the healing properties of other herbs when used with them),
  • aromatic.

Ginger root improves digestion, cure liver disease, asthma, increases the potency ... The ancient name "vishvabhesadzh" plants, translated from Sanskrit as "universal medicine" is fully justified and in our days.

Dioscorides used the ginger for the treatment of gastric diseases in the Middle Ages - for protection from the plague, as a tonic and stimulant for the treatment of eye diseases.In East Asian countries, crushed roots were used for headaches, bronchial asthma as protivotrihomonadnyh means.Women Sinegal made from ginger belt to wake the couple "dormant feelings."

In China, ginger is used to treat colds, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis.

With Collec aromatic cooking water.Take a small amount of ginger root and drive away the aromatic water by this technology, it is an indispensable tool for the treatment of cataracts.

essential oil of ginger is successfully used to treat a variety of psycho-emotional disorders: fear, self-doubt, memory loss, apathy, aggressiveness, lack of tolerance for the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system: arthritis, arthrosis, stretching ligaments and tendons, joint stiffness.

In the autumn-winter period, the essential oil of ginger can help you cope with colds and viral diseases: influenza, acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia.

ginger essential oil heals the prostate gland, promotes sexual activity, increases the potency, cures gastritis.

Ginger oil Ginger oil

- this ancient medicine and excellent seasoning, unforgettable aroma and a powerful antidepressant and intoxicating aphrodisiac wonderful antiseptic.

Types of ginger oil
When they say "oil of ginger," rarely clarify what is meant.The fact that the so-called two completely different product:

• ginger essential oil (it is made in an industrial environment, at home you do not do);
• «ginger oil" - oil with ginger aroma and taste obtained by mixing ginger extract with any vegetable oil.

These two types of oils have different chemical composition and medical indications, so please refer to the composition: about what exactly the oil in question.

composition and valuable properties of ginger oil
special place among all kinds of ginger products covers production of ginger oil, widely used in pharmacology, aromatherapy, cosmetics and homeopathy.

Ginger - oily plant.In contrast, for example, citrus oils where only 0.5-1.5%, ginger rhizome contains about 3.1% of essential oils.

first essential oil of ginger was received in Copenhagen in the XVII century by distillation with water vapor.Today it is produced in India, China, England, the United States and exported to more than 130 countries.World production of ginger oil is 20 tons per year.

main producing countries of ginger essential oil are the United Kingdom, China and India.In the manufacturing process it is obtained pale yellow or greenish amber liquid with a warm, fresh aroma drevesnopryanym.There are several varieties of ginger oil, which vary in composition depending on the place of growth.For example, African oil is of a darker color than the rest.

Externally, the essential oil of ginger (Zingiber officinale) - is a yellow liquid, thickening when exposed to air.It has a spicy, aromatic odor, less sharp than the smell of ginger root.Get him out of the way to direct the rhizomes (cold) spinning or by steam distillation from the dried and ground roots.For the purposes of perfume also receive absolute and sap.The aromatic oil is obtained by steam distillation from the dried and crushed roots.

To prepare 1 gram of ginger essential oil you need 50 grams of dried ginger root.Of course, this can be done only by industrial methods.But fortunately, ginger oil can buy now in virtually every major pharmacy.

complicated oil composition, it contains more than 150 compounds, including:

• gingerol (responsible for the burning characteristics) - 1.5%;
• gingerin;
• variety of amino acids - linalool, kam-dryer, phellandrene, citral, cineole, borneol, geranilatsetat;
• starch - 45%, sugar and fat.

This rich composition also determines the valuable properties of the oil.It has antiseptic, analgesic, antipyretic, expectorant, carminative, warming effect, increases the functional activity of the stomach, stimulates sexual activity;It is a tonic, diaphoretic, anti-emetic, antiscorbutic and toning, improves appetite.

oil mixes well with lavender, patchouli, clove, rose, sandalwood, jasmine, juniper, neroli, bergamot, citrus and incense.

Safety and contraindications
Depending on the raw materials, the quality of essential oil of ginger is different.They do it either fresh or dried roots of ginger.Butter made from fresh roots, has a pleasant smell and taste.Dried roots allows for more essential oil - up to 2% by volume of feed.The yield of essential oil with fresh chopped ginger root is only 0.3-0.5%.

essential oil of ginger is very active and can irritate delicate skin, so it is sometimes diluted with other oils or formulated into various salves, serums and other drugs.

allergy it is very rare.Individual intolerance is rare and is usually caused by psychological rather than physiological causes.
In cooking, ginger oil is perfectly safe.
In aromatherapy it is also safe, often can be irritation or allergic to other parts of aromatic compounds.
When taken orally (internal intake by mouth) should not use ginger oil on an empty stomach.
For external use should be careful to people with sensitive skin (however, this applies to all essential oils).
For internal use oil effect is softer than the effect of ground ginger root powder or fresh root.Therefore, contraindications to the use of oil as a whole coincide with the already cited above.There is one caveat: in remission (ie a stable improvement) oil can be used in half the dosage even if those diseases in which dry ginger is contraindicated.
Since the action of ginger oil is very pronounced, should not use it for children under 7 years.Caution should be used it during pregnancy.In case of necessity of its use (for example, cold or poisoning), pregnant women should reduce the standard dose of ginger oil 2-3 times.

Most of ginger oil is used for flavoring food products.However, there are many ways to use it in medicine, cosmetics and aromatherapy.In addition, it is often used in the manufacture of perfumery and cosmetic products.

The use of essential oil of ginger for medicinal purposes
effect of essential oil of ginger:

External application (massage, compresses, baths):

• in violation of local blood circulation;
• a warming effect;
• relief from joint stiffness;
• antiseptic effect;
• tonic effect;
• reduction and recovery of joint and muscle pain.

Internal use.

• stimulates the appetite;
• stimulates digestion;
• quick-acting anesthetic;
• antipyretic;

Attention!
essential oil of ginger is very active, so in some cases it can not be used in its pure form - as a rule, it is diluted with other oils.

Russian producers called "ginger oil" usually sell a mixture of extract of ginger root vegetable oils (eg, linseed, olive, corn, peanut, lavender, patchouli, clove, rose, sandalwood, jasmine, juniper, neroli, bergamot, citrusand incense, and others.).This oil is convenient because it is already ready for use and need not be diluted.

However, buying a "ginger oil", especially for medicinal purposes, look at the composition - extraneous ingredients can be combined with poor sanitation procedures or cause allergies (for example, many people are allergic to the patchouli oil, peanut oil, and some others).

• antiseptic for colds, skin and other diseases;
• anthelmintic;
• diuretic;
• activation of metabolic processes (skin, hair loss);
• used for impotence;
• relief of premenstrual syndrome.l.l.