Blueberries useful properties

June 20, 2016 23:14 | Drug Plants

In a rare, clear the forest of raised bog moss graceful as small trees, bushes, very similar to blueberries.It blueberries.

Blueberries (gonobobel) (Vaccinium uliginosum L.) - perennial plant from the family of cranberry.It is a small shrub (30-120 cm high) with a bright blue-gray leaves obovate.

branches gray, smooth, curved;obovate leaves, pale green, glaucous below;

Flowers with urceolate-campanulate corolla.Blueberry Blossoms in late May or June.The flowers are large and pink, as her next of kin - blueberries and cranberries - are collected in the bell-shaped corolla, flowers 1-3, sharovidnokolokolchatye, pink;

Fruits - oval blackish-bluish berries ripen in late July.The duration of life of the plant - up to 100 years.

Fruit - juicy, sweet, polyspermous, oval, bluish-black berries with a bluish tinge.

Berry Blueberry - large, oval, blue, collect it - a pleasure: and bend down low is not necessary, and a prolific one bush can collect nearly half a basket small.

grows in swampy forests almost

always with wild rosemary.

growing blueberries in the polar-Arctic zone, on moss bogs, in damp coniferous forests and moss-lichen tundra.Blueberries are common throughout the north of the Eurasian continent, in the south falls in some places up to 49 ° north latitude.The mountain rises to a height of 3000 m above sea level.

leaves contain flavonoids and arbutin, fruit - organic acids, sugars, tannins.

Berries blueberries are eaten fresh, used to compotes, jams, prepared from them are very tasty and healthful juice.In dry or frozen, they are stored all winter.

Blueberries - valuable multivitamin.Ascorbic acid in it more than in lemons and oranges.And carotene, sugars, organic acids, tannins and dyeing substances, a large percentage of benzoic acid and anthocyanin compounds.In

blueberry fruit contains up to 100 mg% ascorbic acid is 2-fold higher than in fruits lemon and orange.blueberry berries contain up to 6% sugars, vitamins C, PP and group B, and 110 mg% carotene, organic acids, tannins, anthocyanins.

Ways to use

In folk medicine, bilberry is widely used in various diseases.Berries or juice is prescribed at high temperatures - as a febrifuge.They have antiscorbutic and tonic effect, and are used in various gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea, enteritis, gastritis), anemia and inflammation of the bladder.A decoction or infusion of leaves is used as a laxative and regulating metabolism means, such as diabetes.

When diabetes is recommended to prepare a decoction of the leaves and shoots of blueberry, lowering blood sugar levels.Pour 1 tablespoon of raw material to 200 g of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes on low heat, let cool at room temperature and strain.Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.For proof effect decoction should be drunk regularly.

as a mild laxative is an aqueous decoction of the branches of blueberry with leaves: pour 15 g of raw materials 200 grams of water, boil for 10 minutes, insist for 1 hour, filter and take 1 tablespoon 4-6 times a day.

In cosmetics, fruits and leaves are used for skin diseases, burns, sweating hands.Juice of ripe berries with sour cream or cottage cheese to nourish the skin of the face and neck.

different parts of this plant has long been successfully used in folk medicine.The berries and their juice perfectly quench thirst, even with high fever.They strengthen the gums and promote rapid healing of the mouth of the small wounds and ulcers.Restorative effect of blueberries with such a rich vitamin and mineral composition is unquestionable.Apply them and various gastrointestinal diseases, anemia and inflammation of the bladder.

Blueberries like a blueberry not only in appearance and taste, and are close to their chemical compositions.And I must say that blueberries are in no way inferior to its finer and more prevalent sister.Therefore, similar to the blueberry, in the course are, and blueberry leaves.

♦ When anemia: take 1 of the leaves and berries of blueberry, fruit of mountain ash, 2 parts cinnamon rose hip fruit.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, heated in a water bath for 15 minutes, 1 hour.Strain, take 0.5 cups 3-4 times a day.

♦ When inflammation of the bladder: take in equal amounts of blueberry leaves, leaves and berries lingonberry and herb peppermint.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes.Take 0.5 cup 3-4 times a day.

♦ Antiseptic: a tablespoon of berries blueberry knead, pour a glass of water, bring to a boil.Refrigerate and use to rinse the mouth with stomatitis and pustular lesions.

♦ Vitamin collection: take in equal amounts of blueberry leaves and berries, leaves and berries bilberry, raspberry leaves, black currant leaves.Two tablespoons of the mixture add 0.5 liters of boiling water.Infuse for 1 hour.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.

In cooking

Blueberries - a valuable food product vitamin.Berries are eaten fresh, for long term storage of dried or frozen.Of these, boil jam, make compotes, used to make juice and wine.

From the leaves are prepared vitamin teas, thirst, not only hunger, but also improve the metabolism.

Tea

composition and method of preparation of tea it:

a restorative tea: 1 tablespoon .. leaves and berries of blueberry on the teapot with boiling water to brew.Drink as a tea.This delicious vitamin drink.

Healing properties: quenching thirst, improvement of the human body.

aqueous decoction of twigs with leaves drink in diseases of the heart, the berries are used in dysentery, a decoction of the leaves is used as a mild laxative.It has long been valued as a plant and protivodizenteriynoe antiscorbutic means.

Broth: 2 tablespoons.spoons of leaves per cup of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, infuse for 1 hour.Take 1 tbsp.spoon 4-6 times a day.

berries Infusion: 1 tablespoon.spoon of dried berries per cup of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, take 1 tbsp.spoon every 2 hours for constipation, diabetes, especially in the treatment of lyamblioznoy angioholetsistita.

blueberry jam

1 kg of berries blueberries need 1.2 kg sugar, 1.5 cups of water.Enumerated and washed berries fill with syrup and leave for 2-3 hours, then cook until tender.

And you can cook blueberries and black currants, pureed with sugar.1 kg of puree of blueberries, 600 g of black currant puree and 900 grams of sugar.In a mixture of mashed berries gradually add sugar.The resulting puree filled into sterile jars and store in refrigerator.

jam blueberry and raspberry

Berries blueberries - 200 g;raspberries - 800 g;11.5 kg of sugar;water - 200 g

Cook 70% sugar syrup and pour over them berries.Let stand for 3 ~ 1 hour, then cook until done.

blueberry jelly

blueberry juice - 400 g;Sugar - 200 g;gelatin - 20-30 g;-1l water.

Soak gelatin in water.Boil sugar syrup and dissolve it in water swollen gelatin.Bring to a boil, pour the juice of blueberries, stir, remove from heat and pour into molds or bowls.Cool, bring to the table.

Blueberries canned

blueberry berries pour boiling water, bring to a boil, immediately pour into sterilized jars and roll up.