Overview: black currant is widely regarded as veteran Russian garden.Without exaggeration - it is a favorite in our area national traditional culture: adovodstva.In the wild black currant occurs in the European part of Russia, Siberia, reaching the lake.And if Europe is known only: din wild species of black currants, then this can be called a kingdom of its North and South America and Asia.In culture it was introduced in the Middle Ages, first as a drug, and later - as a berry plant.
Ribes nigrum L. Black currant is a shrub up to 2 m;In exceptional cases, the black currant is grown as a tree.Fruits - black berries.Leaves, fruits and sprouts have a distinctive smell.There are plenty of black currant cultivars.Leaves and berries it serve as a valuable raw material for the pharmaceutical industry.The berries are processed and in the food industry.This plant is useful in beekeeping.The fruits of black currant have an important impact on the metabolism in the human body.They contain a lot of Vitamin C - ab
infusion of dry fruits in folk medicine used in the treatment of inflammation of the mouth and throat, tonsillitis.Fruits also have diuretic effects and are used for rheumatism.Black currant juice - a source of vitamins, it improves the elasticity of blood vessels, is very useful during pregnancy and for children and the elderly.Unpleasant smell disappears during processing.Vitamin C in blackcurrant is in a relatively stable connection, so that in a properly prepared compotes and juices, it is saved.Blackcurrant fruits also contain minerals, mainly calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zhelezo.Molodye leaves after ottsveteniya collected and dried as a medicament.The leaves present mainly essential oil (most of it is contained in the buds), flavonoid rutin, tannins, vitamin C. Tea made from dried leaves are used as a diaphoretic remedy for colds, rheumatism, inflammation of ureter, stomach disorders, and whooping cough.Fresh blackcurrant leaves and used as a spice with pickles and sauerkraut.Tea of them contributes to proper metabolism, and often serves as an integral part of the spring means of treatment.Black currants can be grown in any garden soil with a supply of nutrients.It tolerates light shade, likes moisture.Grow varieties such as "Onyx", "Othello", "Silvegiter", "Karlštejn".From black currant make jams, juices, syrups, jellies, compotes, liqueurs.They are good to use as a filling in the preparation of desserts and fruit additives to soups and sauces.Berries can be dried.
Requirements: Currant likes moist and fertile enough light soils.If the soil is strongly acidic, it should be limed.Place for currants can be easily found even in the shady garden.It not only can withstand partial shade, but the berries in this light gives larger.
Most varieties samoplodnye.Consequently, the plant does not depend on pollinators and can grow in planting one variety.The indisputable advantage of blackcurrant - its simplicity, but it does not mean that after planting, you can forget about it and remember only at the time of harvest.To currants was productive, you need a good, timely care.
Before planting the section of 1 m2 is made from 8 to 10 kg of organic fertilizer, 200 g of granulated superphosphate and 40 g of sulfuric acid potassium.In addition, in each planting hole made by 8-10 kg of organic fertilizers, 150-200 g of granulated superphosphate, and 30-40 g of sulfuric acid potassium.In preparing the site remove the rhizomes of perennial weeds (couch grass, sow thistle, and others.).
Composition: sugars, acids, vitamins, pectin (gelling), mineral salts - it's all there in currants, for which it is called "the pantry of vitamins."According to the content of vitamin C of its berries are second only briar and Actinidia.
Landing: currants start to grow in early spring, when the ground is not completely thawed.So better to put berries in autumn.To grow strong-yielding bush with strong basal shoots, currant seedlings planted at an angle, recessed conditional root neck 6-8 cm below the soil level.With this planting additional roots are formed, there are renewal shoots.
Black currant seedlings should be well branched, with a strong root system, not dried or damaged in transit.
planted two- and yearlings.If annual currant seedlings are weak, you can be in the same pit in opposite directions obliquely to plant seedlings 2 to get a more powerful bush.Each shoot of the seedling is cut, leaving 2-4 well-developed buds.
This plant - an indispensable inhabitant of gardens, but cultivate it in Russia started only in the late XIX-early XX century.High blackcurrant bushes exude a unique rich aroma.If you pick a large leaf, razotresh it in his hands, and the distinctive spicy smell will remain on them for a long time.But currant blossoms in May and June, quite inconspicuous faded five- and desyatitsvetkovymi brushes.
As a child, many ate even green currant berries - sweet to tears, but delicious!And mature, large, dark-dark blue, almost black, berries, matte gleaming from under the thick foliage, - it's just a pleasure.Will you take a green branch otognesh her pripodnimesh from the ground, and then, from the inside, it's all black with large fragrant hands.currant berries appear in July-August, late varieties ripen in September.They are stiff, elastic, long retain a fresh appearance and taste.
very useful, tasty and fragrant wild currants.Meet her in the woods, you can almost throughout the European part of Russia, in the Urals, in Siberia.It grows along the banks of rivers and streams, along the margins of bogs, in the undergrowth of rainforests.Let the berries are not as large and beautiful, even if they are braided cobwebs, but the taste!But the smell!
say that currant berries are rich in vitamins, it is to say nothing.By sending in your mouth a handful of black berries, consider that ate the whole package vaunted "Tsenruma".These berries have everything: ascorbic acid, carotene, vitamins B and R. According to the content of vitamin C as fruit and currant leaves occupy one of the first places in the plant world.In many sugars currants (13%), acids (citric, malic, tartaric), tannin and coloring matter, calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, manganese and phosphorus.
Berries blackcurrant good and fresh, and jams, and syrups and juices.A dried black currant preserves its taste and healing properties for two years.If properly dried, of course.
drying technology is as follows: the whole ripe fruit without stalks provyalivayut finally dried in the sun and, if possible, in the attic or in the Russian stove, if not - or in the oven dryer at a temperature not exceeding 65 ° C.The fruits are ready, if the compression of a handful in the palm, they do not stain and is easy to crumble, and do not stick together into a ball.
In medical applications used berries, leaves, buds and shoots of currants.Berries and leaves - an excellent tool for the treatment and prevention of scurvy, beriberi, increase efficiency.They are an indispensable component part of many vitamin fees.Currant jam, especially not boiled, so-called "fresh" or "raw" is very useful as a preventive and therapeutic agent for atherosclerosis and hypertension.Vitamins are preserved in such a jam virtually the entire year.
Blackcurrant displays the body of salt highly toxic metals - mercury, lead, cobalt, strontium, and their own toxins released by the body, normalizes the vascular wall, which was interrupted by irradiation, enhances the formation of blood red blood cells, impaired under the influence of radiation.Huge amounts of vitamins and metal salts do blackcurrants particularly valuable for the treatment and prevention of radiation injuries, particularly for cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy.With sexually transmitted diseases using fresh berries, and drink their broth.
fresh and dried berries are used as a diaphoretic, diuretic and protivoponosnoe agent in folk medicine.Fresh berry juice taken with a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice.When you cough and hoarseness will help currant juice with honey.
aqueous extract of the leaves consumed in edema, urinary retention, colds and scrofula in children.Infusion of the leaves helps the body get rid of excess uric acid and purine substances, so it should be taken for kidney stones and bladder, gout and rheumatism.Baths of decoction of the leaves are used in various rashes and skin diseases.Infusion of leaves of black currants are taking in tuberculosis of the skin, and a decoction of leafy twigs - in tuberculosis of the lymph nodes.
Young shoots of black currant - is an excellent diuretic, diaphoretic and antipyretic.When fever is perfectly replaces any aspirin.
Tincture of currant buds and leaves long been used as a laxative and to stimulate adrenal action.
will be useful to remember that the content of vitamins in the immature berries more than overripe.Therefore, black currant berries should be collected quickly, as soon as ripe, and always in the sun.The leaves can be taken at any time, except for the autumn wilting, but better - the young spring.At the same time, in the spring as soon as the first leaves, it is time to collect the young shoots.Dry the leaves and shoots are protected from direct sunlight place.Currant buds are going to need in the spring when they are swollen and are about ready to burst.
♦ «Fresh jam" in atherosclerosis and hypertension: 1 part black currant grind with 2 parts sugar.Take 1--2 tablespoons 3 times a day.
♦ Atherosclerosis: Take 2 parts of leaves and fruits of black currant and leaves and fruits of hawthorn blood-red, 3 pieces flower planting buckwheat, 4 parts rose hips cinnamon fruit.Tablespoon of mixture to make a glass of boiling water, leave for 2-3 hours in a warm place.Strain, take half a cup 3 times a day.
♦ When anemia: take in equal quantities fruit of black currant and wild rose cinnamon.10 g of the mixture, pour a glass of boiling water, heated in a water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, strain, wring out and bring the raw material boiled water to the original volume.Take 0.5 cup 3-4 times a day.
♦ In gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer: fresh berry blackcurrant juice to take half a cup 3 times a day before meals.
♦ In gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer: Take equal quantities of black currant leaves, leaves mother and stepmother, nettle leaves nettle, herb yarrow.Spoon collection pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes.Strain and take in equal parts, 3 times a day for 30-40 minutes before meals.The course of treatment - at least 3 weeks.
♦ Diuretic: a tablespoon of fruit make a tea cup of boiled water and take half a cup 3 times a day.
♦ diaphoretic, diuretic, protivoponosnoe agent: 1 part cassis berries to fill in 10 parts of boiling water, boil for 2-3 minutes and slowly cooled in a container, tightly closed lid.Take a tablespoon of 3 to 4 times a day.
♦ In chronic nephritis: Take 2 parts black currant leaves, grass, yarrow, flower dead-nettle white and grass succession tripartite, 3 parts of burdock root, felt, sheet strawberry timber and birch buds warty, 4 pieces of grass violet tricolor, 6 piecesbearberry leaf.20 g of the mixture boil for 10 minutes in 1 liter of water, insist 10 minutes, drain.Take 2 tablespoons every hour.
♦ If glomerulonephritis: Take 1 part of leaves of black currant, leaf birch, fruits, juniper ordinary, hop cones forest by 2 leaves of bearberry, leaf plantain, leaves cranberries ordinary, 3 parts of nettle leaves, horsetail grassfield, 4 parts rose hips cinnamon and 6 parts of the forest fruits of strawberries.Two tablespoons of the mixture add 0.5 liters of water, boil for 10-15 minutes, 1 hour in a warm place.Strain broth and take the entire warm up to 3 times a day on an empty stomach.
♦ When kidney disease: 60 grams of black currant leaves, 100 g of strawberry leaf forest and 40 g of leaves of bilberry ordinary pour 1 liter of boiling water, leave to cool, strain.Take a glass 3 times a day.
♦ When kidney disease and cystitis: Take 100 grams of black currant leaves, 60 g of leaves of wild strawberry timber, 30 g of mullein flowers and skipetrovidnogo 40 g linden flower heart-shaped.A tablespoon of chopped mixture to fill a glass of water, boil for 20 to 25 minutes, drain.Take 0.5 cup 2-3 times a day after meals.
♦ In diseases of the pancreas: Take 1 part black currant leaves and grass creeping thyme, 4 pieces of black leaf Bergenia, 2 parts of knotweed grass, quack grass rhizomes, blackberry leaves and bluish leaf blueberry, strawberry leaves 3 parts.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil and infuse for 1 hour.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.
♦ In case of skin tuberculosis: 25 g of crushed leaves of black currant make 0.6 liters of boiling water, to insist 3-4 hours.Take 0.5-1 glass 4-5 times a day.
♦ Arthritis: Take 3 of the leaves of black currant and black elderberry flowers, on 4 of the ordinary flowers of hops and herbs horsetail, 5 pieces of grass succession tripartite and 2 parts of nettle leaves.The mixture of herbs at the rate of 4 tablespoons per 1 liter of water add water, bring to a boil, cool, strain.Use bath.
♦ In diseases of the joints: 3-5 g of dried leaves of black currant, pour a glass of boiling water for 10-20 minutes.Take 0.5-1 glass 2-3 times a day as a tea.
♦ When gout and rheumatism: 25 g of crushed fresh or dried leaves of black currant make 0.5 liters of boiling water.Infuse for 3-4 hours, drain.Take 0.5-1 glass of 4 to 5 times a day.
♦ When edema, urinary retention, colds: 1 part fresh or dried leaves of black currants fill in 10 parts of boiling water, leave for 3-4 hours in a tightly closed container.Strain and take half a cup 3-4 times a day.
♦ If fever: chop 1 of the shoots of black currant (possible with young leaves) and 10 parts of boiling water to brew.Take slightly chilled for 0.5-1 glass 3-4 times a day.
♦ If a strong cough: 100 g of fresh juice of black currant berries mixed with a tablespoon of honey and 2 tablespoons of sugar.Take 1-2 tablespoons every 3 hours.
♦ When allergies: 3-5 g of dried leaves of black currant (or 10-15 g fresh), pour a glass of boiling water, steamed for 10-15 minutes.Drink as a tea 2-3 times a day.
♦ When diathesis and rickets in children: 50 g of a mixture of branches, buds and leaves of black currant pour 1 liter of hot water, boil for 10 minutes.Use one bath.
♦ When diathesis, rickets and skin diseases: take 2 parts black currant leaves, grass, yarrow, flower nettle deaf, grass succession tripartite, 3 parts of burdock of felt and strawberry leaves, 4 parts of herbs violet tricolor and 1 part leafwalnut.20 g of the mixture pour 1 liter of water, boil for 10 minutes, cool and strain.Take 30 g of adults and children on a tablespoon every hour.
♦ When diathesis and skin diseases: take 2 parts black currant leaves, creeping thyme herb, 1 part chamomile and 3 of the fruit and leaves of wild rose cinnamon.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, infuse 30-40 minutes.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.
♦ When sexually transmitted diseases: 2 tablespoons dried black currant, pour a glass of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, insist 30 minutes, drain.Take 2 tablespoons 4 times a day before meals.
♦ To get rid of freckles: Mix 30 grams of juice of black currant, lemon juice and herbs calendula with 40 g of almond oil.The mixture daily to lubricate skin areas, where there are freckles.
♦ Sedative: Take 2 parts of leaves of black currants and rose hips cinnamon, 1 part of the rhizomes of valerian and chamomile flowers, 3 of the grass creeping thyme.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes.strain.Take 0.5-1 glass 2-3 times a day.Take 0,5 cup 3 times a day.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, insist 1 hour.spoon 3 times a day.