Useful and therapeutic properties amaevicha more
Ammi ma jus L.
description.The two-year (in the culture - annual) herb of the family celery (Apia-ceae) height of about 1 m Stem rounded, hollow (without pubescence), branched, furrowed..Taproot.Leaves - a two or trehperistorassechennye inflorescence - large complex umbrellas over 10 cm in diameter.Rays umbrella - naked, 2-7 cm long, their number may reach 60 pieces, matochek - 2, stamens - 5, while the marginal flowers - less.Ovary bilocular, lower.Fruit - dvusemyanki broadly shape, smooth, flattened on the sides, 2-3 mm long ribbed.Weight of 1000 seeds - 0.5 g
medicinal raw materials: seeds.
Biological features.In field crops Ammi majus shows sufficient durability and productivity.
during germination requires adequate moisture, but rooted seedlings and mature plants are very resistant to soil drought.Excess moisture during the flowering and ripening of the fruit reduces the yield and leads to mass mortality of plants against fungal diseases.Ammi majus relates to light-loving crops.Winterhardiness
Ammi ma jus L.
on 56-60 day flowering - 78-80 days, the fruit ripening on 110-115 day.The growing season lasts 110-130 days.
Distribution.In the wild state distributed mostly in the Mediterranean.In the culture - in the south of Ukraine, on the southern coast of Crimea.It occurs as an escape.
chemical composition.Fruits contain furokumari HN derivatives, psoralen and angelicin.The herb has the same connections as in the fruits, but in smaller amounts.
Application.Medicinal properties of Ammi majus have long been known.Already in the XIII century.We use extracts from this plant for the treatment of leykodermii.But the side effects that occurred in this case, for example, inflammation of the kidneys, liver, and so on. D. Limited the use of plants.In the Soviet Union from the seeds of large ammi drug ammifurin produced with a relatively low acute toxicity, lack of locally irritating effects and significant effect on blood pressure, heart activity, breathing rate and rhythm.The structure includes ammifurina furokumariny bergapten xanthotoxin and izopimpinellin.The drug exhibits a photosensitizing effect and low antispasmodic activity and in conjunction with ultraviolet radiation dosage used to treat vitiligo, psoriasis, nesting and total baldness.High therapeutic efficacy observed in the treatment of baldness by combining ammifurina with propolis.
Agrotehnika growing.Site selection.Unpretentiousness Ammi majus allows it to grow in culture in different soils.But best of all it develops in the black earth soil during the growing season at a moderate humidity.The best precursors for Ammi majus are releasing early field crops: winter, spring, early vegetables and fodder, and of medicinal plants - oilseed poppy and chamomile Dalmatian after the first year of use.
Tillage.After cleaning predecessor luschat field to a depth of 8-10 cm. The main plowing to a depth of 25-30 cm produced after germination of weeds.Before
th harrowed field, and if the soil is heavily compacted, cultivated to a depth of 8-10 cm. With a lack of moisture in the soil
fertilization.Under the deep autumn plowing is made of mineral fertilizers (in the absence of organic) at the following doses: ammonium sulphate - 2.5 t / ha (or 1.5 kg / ha ammonium nitrate), superphosphate 3.5 kg / ha and potassium chloride - about 0, 8 kg / ha.Adding superphosphate in rows (dose - 25-50 kg / ha) improves seed yield 30-37%, respectively.
reproduction.Seeds Ammi majus sown directly into the soil in early spring vegetable seeders Seed way with a width between rows 45 cm at a rate of seeding 4-5 kg / ha to a depth of 2-3 cm. Ammi majus can also be sown in late autumn in such a way that the seeds for the winternot ascended.At the same seeding rate increased to 6.5 kg / ha, and the depth of hurt seeds in the soil is reduced to 1-1.5 cm.
Along with basic seed sown beacon-hand culture.
In areas that are waterlogged or prone to water and air erosion, podzimny crops are not recommended.
Care plantations.Basic care for the crops is at an early opushivanii between rows, weed control, as well as breaking the crust light harrows and rotary hoes.
After the appearance of mass shoots Ammi majus to control weeds between rows of crops treated with trailed or mounted cultivators, equipped with the appropriate paws.
Harvesting.Medicinal raw materials are Ammi majus fruit ripening is very uneven.First ripen central umbrellas.They develop the largest sowing seeds with high qualities.When ripe, the seeds fall off, so to begin harvesting when ripening 50-60% of the central and side sunshades.Maturation is accompanied by the gradual yellowing and drying of leaves, stems and browned umbrellas.Collect Ammi majus direct kombaynirova-tion reconstructed grain harvesters, which
close all the gaps, bottom hung canvas to capture the grains, reduce the fan air flow.Bunker weight of dried and further purified by winnowing machines.Repeated straw obmolachivanie gives further about centners per hectare production.The fruit has a defective number of furocoumarins, however, if necessary, they can be used as raw material.It is also possible of harvesting this crop.At normal density of herbage (100-200 plants per meter) for the control of weeds in the protection zone and in the row in the phase of 5-6 leaves to re-spend harrowing average harrows across rows.After growing hand weeding is carried out 1-2 and 3-4 inter-row cultivation.
drying.Raw materials are dried and stored in a dry ventilated area.
Growing seeds.Seed sites have best after the predecessors, the fertile and minimally weedy areas.All work on preparing the soil, planting, care, produce at the optimum time.It is imperative the careful selection of other types of contaminants, quarantine weeds, damaged, immature and unusual plants.Cleaning is carried out in the shortest possible time combines in a phase of full maturity of the central seed umbrellas.Seeds of class 1 should have a viability of at least 75%, Class 2 - not less than 65%.The average yield of seeds at a humidity of 13% is 6-10 t / ha.