Useful and therapeutic properties of medicinal angelica
Synonyms: cowshed, in Toyon, skunk, beam.
description.Biennial herbaceous celery plant family (Apiaceae) height of 1.5-2.0 m. The stem is hollow, erect, furrowed, thick, with a bluish bloom, branched.Rhizoma truncated, cylindrical roots wrinkled, brown on the outside, and a break in white.The leaves have swollen vagina, partially covering the stem (the device through which rain water is not trapped between the leaves and stems).Seeds ovoid, flat, brown.Weight of 1000 seeds - 3-5 of
medicinal raw materials: rhizomes with roots.
Biological features.A study of photoperiodic aftereffect angelica drug found that it belongs to the group of so-called long-day plants;on short day (twelve- and eight-especially) fruiting stage he passes from the second to the third year.At the bottom of most long natural plant blooms and produces seeds, and roots, as usual, die after fruiting.Studies have shown that the average yield of the second year of culture on the long day was equal to 21.6 t / ha, a 12-hour day - 35.5 c
angelica seeds during storage of the drug will soon lose their germination (after spending only two years, they give low percentage germination - about 20%).
Distribution.In the wild form is found almost all over Europe, with the exception of the steppe zone.Angelica medicinal grows along rivers, streams, lakes, in damp places, on flood plains, marshes, ravines, in shaded areas, and so on. F. Is cultivated in France, Germany and many parts of England.
Ukraine angelica is not entered into the culture, and cultivated in gardens, kitchen gardens as a medicinal, spicy and honey plant.The raw material is harvested in the wild.
chemical composition.Angelica roots and rhizomes contain up to 1% essential oil, coumarin, organic acids, tannins and others.
Application.From drug to use angelica roots as a tonic and aphrodisiac, which aids in digestion, strengthen the stomach, the separation of urine and sweat;it is also recommended for diseases of the respiratory tract and mucous membranes ie. n. In folk medicine, angelica is often used for indigestion, flatulence, sluggish withdrawal and urinary retention.
Dry angelica flowering shoots, leaves and petioles, and mainly, the essential oil of its roots are used as a spicy seasoning in the manufacture of gin, liqueurs, wines and muscat in the confectionery industry.Fresh Molo
Dyje leaves, stems and stalks are for cooking jams, candied fruits, jams, pastes, as well as side dishes, salads, and so on. N. The essential oil is used for cooking vodka and liqueurs.Angelica is a good honey plant.
Agrotehnika growing.Site selection.The most favorable are the fertile soils with a deep layer of topsoil, high humidity, water permeable.The best precursors are considered pairs, and row crops, reaching fertilizer.
Tillage.The main plowing should be carried out to a depth of 27-30 cm. On soils with shallow topsoil layer plow on all its depth.Presowing treatment depends on the breeding methods.By autumn crop cultivation requires a depth of 7-8 cm, and in the spring planting of the bush or rhizomes produce plowing to a depth of 14-16 cm and harrowing.
fertilization.If a previous culture not organic fertilizers were applied, it should be made before sowing compost at the rate of 10-15 t / ha and mineral fertilizers in the amount: 1.0-1.5 t / ha of ammonium nitrate, 2-3 t / ha of superphosphateand 0.5-1.0 t / ha of potassium chloride.
reproduction.Angelica is usually sown in August, freshly harvested seeds.The seeding rate is 25-35 kg / ha and the depth of the seal -. 2-3 cm In late September, the seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place, followed by decimation by 30-40 cm from the plant a plant in a row in the aisle E 60-80 cm.
addition, angelica can be propagated by dividing the bush, layering of the two-year plants and segments of the roots in spring.
Care plantations is a systematic loosening the soil and removing weeds.In early spring the second year of life last year angelica stems should be cut.It contributes to increase yields, above all, an increase in soil moisture and dressing of liquid organic fertilizers.Mulching moss enhances root crop by 23.5% and the yield of the aboveground part of 27.2%.
Harvesting.Angelica root medicinal spring dig in using a plow, and in small areas - shovels.Roots immediately cleaned from the ground and cut off the stems.
drying.After washing, the roots dried and cut lengthwise.The drying should be done outdoors, in a well-ventilated attics or in the dryer at 30-35 "C.
Packaging. The finished products are packed in bales or bales weighing 50-75 kg.
Storage. The dried rhizomes and roots of angelica different hygroscopic.Therefore, to absorb excess moisture near angelica, stacked in piles, laid quicklime or store the rhizomes in a well-sealed jars. The storage room should be dry and well ventilated. The average yield of dry roots of 15-25 kg / ha.
quality requirements.Raw materials must comply with the requirements of OST 7909/372.
Growing seed. seed should procure crops on conventional technology. During flowering angelica on his plantations celebrate the most advanced plants with large seeds that have no damage that can give the greatest yield of seeds from the bush. seeds harvested when the boxes become brown. After a brief final drying flower umbrellas and threshing seeds purified by sorting.
These data indicate that the medicinal angelica can and should be incorporated into the culture, the more the quality of the rhizomes of cultivated plants is incomparably higher than that of wild.