Useful and therapeutic properties of Schisandra chinensis
description.Perennial woody vine family Limonnikova (Schisandraceae).Stem climbing, cord-prominent, up to 8 m and about 1.8 cm thick. Leaves are alternate, oval, pointed, entire, pubescent below few.The flowers are dioecious, monoecious;occasionally there are bisexual, with unclear pronounced stamens or pistils, white, with a pleasant smell, it is located on long stalks, and in racemes to 10 pieces.Berries are bright red, one-dvuhsemyannye, juicy, globular.Weight of 1000 seeds - 1.52 g Flowering in May and June.The fruits of co-zrevayut in September and October.
medicinal raw materials: ripe fruit and seeds.
Biological features.Schisandra Seeds differ long period of rest.Sown in spring Nistru-tified seeds sprout only on the second or third year of culture.In areas that are not protected by se
true cold winds, Chinese magnolia vine freezes.This culture of moisture-loving and drought conditions grows poorly.
Distribution.It occurs in the Far East - from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok, at least on about.Sak
chemical composition.The fruit of Schisandra contains organic acids: citric - about 11-12%, malic acid and tartaric 7-8% - about 1%, lignins flavonoi-dy, saponins, anthraquinones, vitamin C, sugars and tannins, and seeds - fattyand essential oils.
Application.Lemongrass is a good means of stimulating and toning central nervous system.Preparations made from its fruit and seeds, facilitate breathing, lower blood pressure, improve work capacity, stimulate visual acuity, reduce fatigue and sleepiness.Of the fruit is prepared fruit drinks, syrups, candies, and so on. N.
Agrotehnika growing.Site selection.Under lemongrass plantation areas should be allocated among the forest and fruit trees, protected from cold winds and drying up.The most suitable fertile, loose and well aerated soil.
Tillage.The soil in the beds for growing seedlings should be kept until the crop in the loose and clean of weeds.
plot allotted for transplantation two-, four-year seedlings, immediately after fertilizer application should be plowed to a depth of at least 30 cm with simultaneous harrowing.
fertilization.In preparing the soil in the beds of nursery to grow seedlings contribute up to 80 t / ha of manure or compost and mineral fertilizers: ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride - 1.5 t / ha and superphosphate - 3-4 tons / ha.When planting seedlings for permanent make 60 t / ha manure, 1.5-2.0 t / ha of ammonium nitrate, 1.5 kg / ha of potassium chloride and 3-4 kg / ha of superphosphate.
reproduction.The main method of reproduction Schisandra is a direct sowing of seeds into the soil in the spring of stratified seeds sown before winter or freshly harvested seeds.In addition, lemongrass and can be propagated vegetatively: green stem cuttings, layering, segments of adventitious roots and root shoots.
Seeds are sown in the nursery to pre-prepared beds in rows with aisles of 15-20 cm at the rate of 15-25 g per 1 m2 with a depth of embedment in the 1.5-3.0 cm depending on the soil;planting depth podzimnego sowing seeds about 1 cm.
grown in one kennel, two-year seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the spring or fall.Planting should be done at the area of the power 1,00x0,50 m Lemongrass grown as recommended Shpalernaya culture.;this height on the pillars in the 3,0-3,5 m pull wire and the seedlings are planted in two rows on both sides of the tapestry.
As a result of experiments conducted at the Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, it was found that planting lemongrass before winter accelerates germination and improves their germination compared with the spring sowing period.Green cuttings root well (90%), and the seedlings grown from seed, do not tolerate transplanting to a permanent place.
Care plantations.When the seedlings growing in the beds produce periodic loosening soil, weeding the weeds and watering when necessary.In the more northern parts of the beds insulated for winter dry leaves, straw or peat.The first time after planting the seedlings to a permanent place should be well watered to full pridaivleniya.Along with the cultivation of lemongrass in the culture of its fruit is harvested in the wild.
Harvesting.For therapeutic purposes, collect only ripe fruit and seeds of Schisandra during their full maturity, which is usually in the second half of September.At the same time cut off or terminated is typically the entire brush.Before drying the last sorted out and remove leaves, twigs and other impurities.
In addition, use of lemongrass and fresh fruit from which the juice is extracted, used plants and fruit with water distillery.Harvested fruits are placed in special containers or wooden barrels and presses to squeeze.SPIN carefully wiped and washed with water to separate the seeds from the peel.The seeds are dried at a low temperature and organic and mineral impurities are removed.
Packaging.The fruits packed in textile bags of 50 kg, and the seeds at 20.25 and 45 kg.
Storage.As fruits and seeds are stored in bags on racks in well-ventilated areas.
Quality requirements.The finished raw materials must comply with the requirements of the GF-XI (FS-8, pp. 373-374) seeds and GF-X (FS-294, p. 319) off.
Growing seeds.For seeds in late autumn period full maturity select the best fruit freed from seed pulp, washed and dried.Humidity of seeds should not exceed 12%.