Useful and therapeutic properties of motherwort five lobes
Synonyms: motherwort hairy, hairy motherwort, dog nettle, heart grass.
description.A perennial herb of the family Labiatae (Lamiaceae) up to 2 m, with woody rhizome.The stem is quadrangular, ribbed, hollow, erect, branched, red-violet color, covered with long hairs.Lower leaves ovate or rounded, palmately five lobes, opposite, below light green, dark-green, covered with dense hairs.Middle and upper leaves - oblong-elliptic, lobed.The flowers are small, bilabiate, collected in whorls in a long inflorescence.Corolla pink or pinkish-purple.Fruit crumbles into four triangular shaped nut.The hairs covering the plant, give it a gray color.It blooms from June to September.The fruits ripen in August - October.Weight of 1000 seeds - up to 1 year
medicinal raw materials: grass (the upper part of the flowering plants).
Biological features.Motherwort can grow in different climatic and soil conditions.It is found everywhere in the form of groups and thickets like a weed.However, cultivated fields do not clog.It b
germination (30-35%) and a long period of germination.During the storage of seeds is their ripening, and after only two months of germination is 80-85%.The seeds begin to germinate at a temperature of 2-4 ° C, the optimum temperature - 20 ° C.Under favorable conditions, the first shoots appear for 4-5 days and total germination period lasts 15-20 days.Seeds are a group of meso-biotics and even on 4-6 year storage germination is 75-80% of the original.Seeds remain viable for 8-9 years.
locus.The name itself suggests that this plant grows mostly on wastelands, in the gardens, near the houses, in the woods.
Distribution.It grows throughout Ukraine, introduced into the culture.
chemical composition.The herb contains saponins, tannins, glycosides, alkaloids and choline, vitamins A and C, the essential oil stahidrin.
Application.motherwort preparations in their action are similar to drugs valerian.They have antispasmodic, sedative, hypotensive properties, slow heart rate, increase heart rate, showing a weak diuretic effect, regulate the menstrual cycle and the function of the digestive system.They are used in cardiosclerosis, high blood pressure, angina pectoris, myocarditis, kardionev-roses, excessive nervous excitability, especially in menopause and prostate hypertrophy, in the case of psycho-hostenii and neurasthenia, accompanied by insomnia, sense of tension and increased reactivity and vegetative neurosis.
Drugs Leonurus shown in epilepsy, hypo-menstrual syndrome, Graves' disease (heart rate slows down due to the increased activity of the thyroid gland, reduces nervous agitation), for gastrointestinal diseases (stomach muscle spasm, chronic diseases of the colon).It should be noted that in the neuroses of the cardiovascular system and some other heart diseases pustyrnika drugs work more effectively than drugs valerian or lily of the ordinary.Grass of Leonurus
part of the soothing tea, which is used for excitation of the nervous system and insomnia.
used by plants and homeopathy.For external use motherwort preparations exhibit anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect.
Agrotehnika growing.Site selection.Motherwort can be cultured in the same place to 4 years.Therefore, the rotation of medicinal herbs it is recommended to place the fields that trap for medicinal plants.If there are no such fields, it can be sown on nearby sites.Best predecessors - winter wheat, legumes, beets and other row crops.
Tillage.The main autumn plowing is recommended for zjablevoj system as soon as possible.Early in the spring to retain moisture spend harrowing, and before sowing cultivated to a depth of 8-10 cm, followed by harrowing.
fertilization.Under the main plowing it is recommended to apply 25-30 tons of compost, 3-4 p of superphosphate and 2 GHz of potassium chloride per 1 ha.
reproduction.Propagated by sowing seeds in the soil.Sowing can be in early spring and late fall.Spring seeded stratified for 30-40 days at 0-4 ° C seeds and before winter - dry.The rate of spring sowing at 60 cm between rows - 7-8 kg / ha, with podzimny sowing it increased by 15%.The seed is in the spring at a depth of 2-3 cm, and before winter - to 1-1.5 cm
Care plantations..Caring for the plantation of the first year of life is the loosening of inter-row after emergence.Upon reaching a height of 4-5 cm shoots buketiruyut plants in a specific pattern: cut 30-40 cm, leaving a bunch of 20-30 cm At the transition plantations second and subsequent years of life in early spring stems harvested last year..Then fed nitrogen fertilizer fosfornokis-lymi at a dose of 40-50 kg / ha of active ingredient and harrowed field.During the growing season spend 2-3 interrow processing with simultaneous removal of weeds.
Harvesting is carried out in the period of flowering, when the flowers bloom two-thirds of the lower part of the plant.If the plant does not exceed 100 cm and the grass is full, motherwort removing
by reaper on a high cut, while plant height of 150 cm and a clean sickles, so that the upper flowering parts of the plants had a length of 40 cm and a thickness of the stems no more than 5 mm.
drying.Qualitative commodity raw materials obtained by firing dried in a dryer at a temperature 50-60 ° C.If not, then dried in the currents under a canopy, laying a thin layer of grass.Vintage air dry grass Leonurus in the first year of culture is an average of 4-7 kg / ha, but with the transition plantations - 20-30 kg / ha.
Packaging.Grass is packed in bales of 50 kg.
Storage.Raw materials are stored in a dry, well-ventilated area.
Quality requirements.Raw materials must meet the requirements of the State Pharmacopoeia XI (FS-54, pp. 327-328).