Useful and therapeutic properties of creeping thyme ( thyme )
Synonyms : thyme, Bogorodsk grass, chubrets, chabrik, chaybur.
Description .Small perennial creeping half-shrub yasnotkovyh family (Lamiaceae) in height 15-25 cm. Stems creeping, samoukorenyayuschiesya with age near the base lignified.The leaves are opposite, SHORT-kochereshkovye, small, egg-shaped.The flowers are irregular, bisexual, collected in capitate inflorescences at the tips of branches are lifted.Calyx campanulate, corolla two-lipped, pink, rarely white or purple-red.Fruit dry, breaks up into four nuts in black and brown.It blooms from May to September.The seeds ripen in August-September.Weight of 1000 seeds - 0.2-0.3 g
Medicinal raw: grass.
Biological features.Thyme refers to polymorphic species, distributed throughout Ukraine.Thyme light - heat-loving and drought-resistant plant.
Distribution.Found in Europe, West Asia and North Africa.
chemical composition. Essential Oil Yield of dried leaves and flowers of 0.5-2%.The oil contains 30% of thymol (main component), about 20% carvacrol
herbal medicines plants have expectorant, antibacterial, antispasmodic and analgesic effect, calming effect on the central nervous system, enhance the secretion of gastricjuice.They can be used with laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, gastro-intestinal diseases accompanied by a decrease in gastric acid secretion, intestinal spasms or atony, meteorizmom-
In folk medicine, in addition, the thyme is used in the treatment of whooping cough, pulmonary tuberculosis, insomnia,shortness of breath, asthma, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, hemorrhoids, joint pain, paralysis, sacrum and lumbar neuralgia, in the case of tape worms infestation, alcoholism and algomenoree.In
used as an external agent for inflammatory diseases of the mouth and throat, caused by pyogenic bacteria (rinsing);when the nerve and skin diseases, rheumatism (bath);inflammatory diseases of the vagina, with belyah, especially in elderly women (douching).
creeping thyme preparations are contraindicated during pregnancy, cardiac decompensation, liver and kidneys.Overdose can cause nausea.
In cooking, thyme is used in the preparation of vegetable and meat dishes, egg dishes, sausages, sauces, cheese, tea, jelly, is used as a salad, is used to enhance the smell of vinegar, and in the alcoholic beverage industry - for making liqueurs.In the food industry it is used in canning, salting and pickling cucumbers and tomatoes mixed with other spices.In Spain, the thyme essential oil is used in pickling olives.
Agrotehnika growing. site selection.The most favorable to lungs thyme black soil with a good structure.Thyme grows nice and loamy fertile soils.The best precursors are fallow, winter wheat, which are fertilized by a couple and row crops.
soil tillage is carried through the system fall plowing to a depth of 27-30 cm, with a preliminary shallow plowing.After plowing cultivated crops should be performed immediately upon completion of harvesting in early spring after the close of the moisture necessary to the cultivation with harrowing trail 2-3 in two directions.
fertilization. Organic fertilizers are applied in the form of compost at the rate of 20-30 t / ha.If you have made under a predecessor of humus, then under the thyme should make fertilizer with autumn plowing (2-3 kg / ha of ammonium sulfate, 2-3 t / ha of superphosphate and 1-2 kg / ha of potassium salt).
reproduction. can be propagated by seeds, seedlings and cuttings.In early spring sowing dry seeds at the rate of 5-6 or under winter - 6-7 kg / ha, with inter-row spacing of 45 cm under the..Winter sowing gives better results.Seeding depth 0.5-1 cm in spring, before winter sow without termination.Shoots thyme is very weak, and grow gradually in order to accelerate the disintegration of the first period, to the seeds add a little beacon of seed plants.Grown in areas seedlings are planted in holes or under the peg and sprinkle the ground.
Care plantations. sowing in rows mulched with compost.When the seedlings during loosening and weeding should also weed plants beacon.Aftercare is in between the rows hoeing, weeding and feeding fertilizer plants.Care Transition plantations is their harrowing early spring across the rows.Then during the summer and 2-4 times loosen the soil and weed as needed.
Harvesting .Collect only the upper part of the thin stems with leaves and flowers.In the first year of culture, when the plants have not yet grown, they are cut with sickles, and starting from the second year - reaper.With proper care, the second year of harvest thyme gives (two mowings during the summer), about 20 t / ha.the first year yield is 5-7 t / ha.
drying. grass dried in the attic under a tin roof, in the dryer or in the open air, in the shade.When drying should be handled carefully with leaves and flowers that contain the greatest number of essential oils, as they easily fall off.The collected weight, intended for processing at the factory essential oil is delivered fresh.
The dried thyme is purified through a sieve and sorted, thus getting rid of impurities, dust, sand, thick woody parts of the stalk.
Packaging .The grass is packed in bales of 50-75 kg or 20 kg.
Storage. Thyme should be stored separately from other aromatic plants in a dry, well-ventilated room on the shelves.