Useful and therapeutic properties of clary sage
description.A perennial herb of the family yasnotkovyh (the Lamiaceae) height of 40-100 cm (in culture up to 1.5-2.0 m), deep-running (up to 1.5 m) taproot.Stems quadrangular, reddish purple, hairy top.Leaves 7-20 cm long, wrinkled, opposite, ovate.The flowers are collected in false whorls, forming an inflorescence up to 40 cm. Calyx campanulate, corolla two-lipped, white or pink-lilac color.Blossoms in May-June in the second year of life (although 7-10% of the plants bloom in the first year).Fruit consists of four nuts (seeds) brown.Weight of 1000 seeds - about 3 years
medicinal raw materials: grass.
Biological features.Clary Sage is grown as a one-, two-, and three-year plant.After harvesting the inflorescence is re-bloom.Harvest usually obtained in the second year of culture.As the sage hour
partially blooms in the first year and in the year of sowing the crop can be obtained.Salvia is different drought resistance.
Distribution.The di.com as found in South and Central Europe, North Africa, Asia
chemical composition.Clary sage essential oil is contained mainly in the inflorescences (0.7-1.3% of dry matter).The main active ingredient of the essential oil plant is linalyl acetate (59-84%).In addition, grass contain coumarins, flavonoids, saponins, organic acids.
Application.Clary sage essential oil is used in perfumery, soap making and confectionery.Fragrance oils reminiscent of the smell of musk, amber, lavender.Sage essential oil is also valuable in that it is a good fixative and often expensive substitutes such as ambergris and musk.
Used in combination with synthetic aromatic substances musk and natural musk, lemon and orange oil, used in winemaking takyase for cooking and vermutovyh Muscat wine and alcoholic beverage industry.
Agrotehnika growing.Site selection.Under clary withdrawn well sunlit areas.In the shaded areas the plants are stretched, thereby reducing the yield of inflorescences and content oils-
Daybolee favorable for clary sage deep black soil, friable loam and sandy loam soils, and soil rich in lime.The best precursors are: fallow (for winter crops), grain and row crops (for podzimnego seeding).
Tillage.After peeling winter not later than the first decade of September required plowing to a depth of 25 cm plow with coulters.When sowing a winter-sowing plowing produce for 8-12 days before planting.
fertilization.If the sage goes after unfertilized winter crop, the fertilizer is made by plowing a rate of 20 t / ha of manure or compost.Along with making organic and mineral fertilizers: 2 kg / ha of superphosphate, 1.5-2.0 t / ha of ammonium sulfate and 1.0 kg / ha of potassium salt.In the absence of organic fertilizers mineral fertilizers increase in half to two times.
reproduction.Sage is propagated by sowing seeds directly into the soil under winter grains tractor or special vegetable planters with aisles of 45 cm Seeding rate of 6-7 kg / ha, and the seal depth -.. 2-3 cm seeding Late Period (before freezing) sothat the seeds before the onset of cold weather did not give seedlings.Good results are obtained and winter sowing period attributable to the end of August or beginning of September.
Care plantations.The first harrowing harrows produce light in early spring before emergence.Then cultivators loosen the aisle at a depth of 10-12 cm and weed weeds in rows.Thinning the plants in rows is produced only in the case of over-gelled-sti crops with the appearance of two pairs of leaves at a distance of Yu see. During the summer, loosen the aisle, weeding the weeds in the rows as needed, and fed by local plants and fertilizers.
Harvesting.Inflorescence sage harvested when the seeds browning in two or three of the lower whorls central inflorescence Most plants reconstructed Forage Harvesters SC-2.6.Harvest immediately comes to recycling.Storage inflorescences on plantations or in factories leads to large losses of essential oils.The average yield of inflorescences clary sage at a high agricultural technology 8 during the first two years, up to 90-110 kg / ha.
Growing seeds.For seeds secrete specific areas where the testes are grown to a high degree with agricultural technology.During flowering remove all atypical and immature plants.
Cleaning sage seeds produced combines with the full maturity of seeds, and in small areas - header or manually when ripe seeds 70-75%.Threshed testes on common thresher;purified by sorting seeds.Harvest seeds on average 5-6 t / ha.