Useful and therapeutic properties of anise
Umbelliferae (celery) - Apiaceae
generic name comes from the Greek name of the plant that is used in medicine in the days of Hippocrates, the species definition is translated from Latin means "common".
Botanical description.Annual herb with a thin taproot and erect, slightly ribbed stem, 30-60 cm tall. The first basal leaves kidney-shaped, with a serrated edge, then wither.Stem - alternate, peri-storassechennye down trifoliate with tapered segments and long petioles segments taper upwards, and leaves become sedentary.Like all umbrella, petiole at the base of leaf sheath expanded.The flowers are white, small, right, assembled into complex umbrellas without total and partial obvertok.Calyx in the form of five barely visible teeth, corolla of five petals, stamens alternate with corolla lobes.Pistil one with lower bilocular ovary.Fruit - visloplodnik not disintegrating when ripe.
Flowers in June - July, the fruits ripen in August.
Geographical distribution.It has long been cultivated plant native to Asi
collection and drying.Harvest at the time of ripening of the fruit half.Plants mowers mow, finally dried in windrows.Thus there is ripening.When all the fruits become dry, apex threshed and cleaned of impurities on the sorting.
medicinal raw materials.The finished raw materials - anise fruits (Fructus A nisi) consists of yellowish-gray or drill a gray visloplodnikov obratnogrushevidnoy form, covered with hairs.Each poluplodnika 5 longitudinal ribs prominent enough.At the top of the fruit is often seen 2 column and nadpestichny drive.fetal length 5.3 mm, width 3.2 mm.Odour characteristic (anise), the taste of sweet and spicy.
essential oil of not less than 1.5%;humidity not exceeding 12%;total ash less than 10%;damaged and immature fruits of anise not more than 5%;
attar and organic impurities are not more than 1%;mineral impurities and sieving through a sieve with a hole diameter of 1 mm less than 1%.
chemical composition.The fruits contain essential oil - Oleum Anisi, which is produced by distilling the crushed fruit of steam.The essential oil contains 80 to 90% crystalline anethol, up to 10% of its isomer liquid methyl chavicol, anisaldehyde and ketone, anisic acid, a fatty oil, proteins, etc. furokumariny.
Action and use.Anethole anise oil, standing out through the bronchial mucosa, is irritating to them, which, on the one hand, leads to an acceleration of the movement of the cilia of ciliated epithelium, and on the other - to reflex stimulation of respiration.At the same time increases the secretion of bronchial mucus both directly and by reflex.
Essential anise oil is part of the ammonia-anise drops - Liquor ammonii anisatus and breast elixir - Elexir pectorale, which, like the fruit is used in catarrh of the respiratory tract, tracheitis, bronchitis as an expectorant.
Preparations anise promotes discharge of phlegm, diluting it, clean the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract.It is widely used in diseases of the respiratory system.
essential oil and furokumariny have antispasmodic effect, it stimulates the motor oil and sokootdelitelnuyu function of the digestive system, has a slight disinfecting effect, enhances separation of milk in lactating mothers.
Fruits of anise are a part of breast, gastric, sudorific and other charges.