Useful and therapeutic properties of wild rosemary marsh
heather family - Ericaceae
generic name from the Latin laedere - harm, as the plant has a strong intoxicating smell that causes dizziness.The specific definition - from the Latin word palus - swamp - on habitat.
Botanical description.Evergreen, branched shrub, up to 100 cm tall (125 cm).Young shoots covered with rusty hairs.Leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate with a wrapped down edges, glabrous, bottom covered with numerous rusty hairs.Flowers are white, five-membered, gathered at the tips of shoots in corymbose inflorescences.Fruit - oblong pyatistvorchataya box.The whole plant has a strong kind of stupefying smell.
Geographical distribution.It grows in marshy coniferous forests, sphagnum bogs and peatlands.Widely distributed in the tundra areas of coniferous and mixed forests in the north and in the middle belt of the European part of the USSR and Siberia.Large stocks of wild rosemary are available in Belarus.
frequent companion of wild rosemary is blueberries, which the notoriety associated w
collection and drying.Gather the young shoots of the current year in the maturation phase of the fruits in August - September.
They break off by hand, being careful not to capture two-, three-year shoots, which contain less essential oil.In no event it is impossible to pull out the plants by the roots, as it leads to the destruction of thickets.Repeated harvesting in the same place are possible only after 3-5 years after full recovery plants.
dried rosemary in kilns at temperatures up to 40 ° or in the shade under a canopy, in attics, laying a layer thickness of 10-15 cm;ted raw materials on a daily basis.Drying is considered complete when the stems become brittle.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - Herba Ledi - a mixture of leafy shoots, leaves, and small amounts of fruit.Odour strong, specific.FS 42-413-72 allows moisture not more than 14%;Ash not more than 4%;last year's stems (they are gray-brown, bare) not more than 10%;Organic impurities are not more than 1%;mineral impurities are not more than 0.5%.
chemical composition.The herb contains essential oil, the amount of which in the leaves during the first year for timely, up 7.5%.The young leaves (during flowering) and old essential oil is much less.The oil contains sesquiterpenoids ledol and palyustrol, cymene, geranilatsetat and others. In addition, there is a glycoside arbutin, flavonoids, tannins, vitamin C.
action and application.Infusion of herbs rosemary has expectorant action, dilates blood vessels and lowers blood pressure.The essential oil has antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus.Juice and rosemary essential oil kill protozoa (protistotsidnye properties).Ledeen tablets prescribed for coughs.
rosemary infusion of 5 g is used for acute and chronic bronchitis and tuberculosis, as well as spastic enterocolitis with 200 ml of water and 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.Socially prescribed for whooping cough.In the treatment of wild rosemary dosage must be strictly observed, as the plant is poisonous in large doses causes heart failure and breathing.Patients with asthma recommend holding a small bunch of rosemary in the bedroom.
In everyday life and agriculture rosemary is used to control insects.Effective with the Varroa bee which, as you know, is caused by mites.