Useful and therapeutic properties of birch warty
Birch Family - Betulaceae
generic name comes from the Celtic name of tree species definitions correspond to Russian names.
Botanical description.A tree 10-20 m tall with a white smooth bark.Young branches from birch red-brown, naked, covered with warts, which are resinous glands, in white birch - directed upwards and to the sides and pubescent.Leaves alternate, ovate-rhombic or triangular-ovate with dvoyakoostrozubchatym edge, naked, young - adhesive.The flowers are unisexual, collected in drooping catkins.Male flowers are in long and thin earrings, women's - in a short and thick inflorescences.Fruit - nut with two membranous wings.
Blossoms in May, simultaneously with the formation of leaves, fruits ripen in August - September.
In the USSR, there are also other types of birch trees, with an equivalent value.
Geographical distribution.Both species have a wide area covering the whole of the European part of the Soviet Union, except the far north and south, the Urals, Western and part of Central Sibe
collection and drying.Birch produces several types of raw materials.The kidneys were collected from January until the end of April when felling, cutting off the branch and tying them into bundles (broom), dried in the open air in the sheds, and then threshed or kidney pulls his arms in canvas gloves.Birch buds can be harvested only in the areas of forest designated for logging or forestry enterprises designated for harvesting broom.
leaves are harvested during the flowering in May, when they were still sticky and fragrant, dried under the eaves, in attics, in a well-ventilated area.
Chaga - pore fungi parasite.Unlike other tinder with hoof fruiting body of fungus in it shapeless, black top with deep cracks.It is a sterile (not so
guide spores) form Polypore inonotus beveled - Inonotus obliquus (Pers.) Pil.The spores of this fungus getting into the cracks, frost-crack on a birch stvolars, germinate there, forming hyphae - mushroom thin threads that are introduced into the timber, forming mycelium -mitsely.Then formed fruit body that is tearing the bark, comes to the surface under the bark.Mycelium is the wood-rot, making birch eventually dies.
Fruiting bodies of fungus have a view zhelvakoobraznyh outgrowths, reaching 40 cm in diameter.Collect them only with live birch trees at any time of the year, beating out growths ax.The inner part is scraped loose, the remains of birch bark is removed, and if there is also a wood, cut into pieces no more than 10 cm in diameter and long dried in the air or on the premises.
medicinal raw materials.Buds of birch (Gemmae Betu-lae) elongate-conical, pointed, bare, with alternation pitseobrazno-positioned, pressed tightly around the edges of the scales.kidney length of 3 to 7 mm in diameter from 1.5 to 3 mm.Color - brown, taste astringent, resinous.
VFS 42-753-78 admits the loss of no more than 10% in weight after drying;Ash not more than 4%;other parts of the birch is not more than 8%;kidney tronuvshis in growth and bloomed slightly, no more than 2%;organic impurities (kidneys and other plants pr.) is not more than 1%;mineral impurities are not more than 0.5%..
Birch Leaf - Folium Betulae small, no more than 1.5 cm The smell is weak, aromatic;taste slightly astringent.
birch mushroom Chaga - Fungus betulinus - pieces of undefined shape with a black, heavily cracked, outer layer.mushroom tissue is very dense, hard.The color is dark brown with fine yellow streaks.The size of pieces about 10 cm in diameter.The smell is not, taste bitter.
42-53-72 FS allows the moisture and ash content less than 14%;internal light brown, friable, easily crumbling of the fungus is not more than 15%;bark 1%.Extractives, extracted with water, should be at least 20%;a chromogenic complex precipitated from an aqueous extract of hydrochloric acid, - at least 50% of the total dry residue of extractives.
chemical composition.In the kidney, the birch to 5.3% essential oil, which is composed of sesquiterpenes
(Betula, betulol and betulenoly) betulenovaya acid and naphthalene;flavonoids (dimethoxyflavone, betuletol, miritsitrin, rutin, myricetin-3-digalaktozid et al.).The leaves
- betuloretinovoy acid butyl ester, and 2.8% of vitamin C, flavonoids, including hyperoside, tannins, triterpene alcohols, saponins, traces of essential oil.
The composition includes a water soluble chromogen fungus-tion complex formed from phenolic aldehydes polyphenols oksifenolkarbonovyh acids and quinones, a significant amount of mineral elements (silicon, iron, potassium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper and others.).Manganese is an activator of certain enzymes, which catalyze the process of digestion of proteins.In addition, organic acids chaga found:.. Oxalic, formic, acetic, butyric, vanillic, etc. paraoxybenzoic free phenols, sterols, and pterins pterins etc. - natural organic pigments, based on the chemical structure of which is condensed heterocyclic system pyrimidopyrazine.Perhaps, with the content of these substances is associated a positive effect fungus agents in malignant tumors.
action and application.Birch buds have diuretic, choleretic, expectorant and disinfectant action.They are used as a diuretic (as an infusion of raw materials in '10 by 200 ml of water and 1 tablespoon 3 times a day) with edema of cardiac origin.
impossible to assign long-term acute renal diseases, as well as pregnant women.
infusions and decoctions of birch leaves is used as a diuretic and diaphoretic.
From Birch also obtained activated carbon and its dosage form tablet - carbol.Activated carbon - universal antidote, as it has a large surface area and capable of adsorbing gases, alkaloids, toxins, heavy metals, etc. It is used for flatulence, hypersecretion, dyspepsia, various intoxications..Usually, in case of poisoning by different poisons 2-3 table spoons of powder stirred into a glass of warm water and taken orally after gastric lavage.From
bark birch tar obtained containing phenol, cresols, guaiacol and other compounds having antibacterial properties.Tar is a part of ointments used to treat parasitic and fungal diseases of the skin, eczema, as well as balsamic liniment - Vishnevsky ointment.
Polugustoy extract of birch fungus fungus - befungin used for chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, for the treatment of cancer patients.
Birch sap - a good diet drink.