Useful and therapeutic properties of cornflower blue ( cornflower field )
family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Asteraceae
generic name is borrowed from Greek mythology - one of the centaurs used to treat wounds the juice of this plant.The specific definition in Greek means dark blue (color by color).
Botanical description.Annual herb with a thin taproot.Stem erect, rounded, 30-60 cm tall. Leaves are alternate, sessile, linear, tselnokraynie.The flowers are collected in single basket about 3 cm in diameter, located on the top of the stem and axillary branches.Marginal flowers are larger funnel, sterile, blue color;domestic - bisexual, purple.Calyx absent, instead - a short crest.Basket has a total wrapper consisting of imbricated nonoverlapping filmy brownish leaves.The fruit - achene with pappus.Flowers in June - July, the fruits ripen in August.
Geographical distribution.It grows as a weed in fields of spring and winter crops, especially in the rye and perennial grasses.It occurs in the European part of the USSR, in the south of Western Siberia, at least in the Caucasus.The m
collection and drying.Gather the flowers are funnel-shaped boundary between the full flowering plants, tearing down their arms, in June - July.Sometimes a pair of scissors cut the basket, bring them to the place of drying and, pinch the outer flowers, laid them on the shelves or hammocks gauze in a single layer.The collected materials are dried in well ventilated areas, attics under the iron or slate roof with proper ventilation, scattering a very thin layer.A slow drying flowers lose their blue color.Interestingly, unlike other flowers of cornflower flowers can be dried in the sun if the weather is nice, sunny and windy, and the raw materials are not distributed with a thick layer.Coloration persists and rapid drying ovens or kilns at temperature 40-50 °.After drying, discard the flowers that have lost normal color.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - cornflower flowers (Flores Cyani) contains only the bright blue pvetki up to 2 cm, with 5-8 pointed lobes at the base and a tubular corolla with a little touch of blue-violet flowers of the internal length of about 1 cm They are odorless, bitter,.astringent taste.
FS 42-346-72 allows moisture not more than 14%;flower baskets no more than 1%;tubular flowers of not more than 40%;flowers, lost natural coloring, no more than 10%;organic and mineral impurities not more than 0.5%.
chemical composition.The flowers contain glycosides tsianarin, Tsentraurin and tsikorin, anthocyanins and cyanidin Pelargonium, flavonoids luteolin, astragalin, kaempferol, apiin, kosmoziin, quercetin, rutin.
action and application.Flowers of cornflower have diuretic, choleretic and antimicrobial action.In diseases of the urinary, zhelchevyvo-dyaschih tract, liver teaspoon of flowers poured a glass of boiling water, infused for 30 minutes, cool, filter and take 2 tablespoons 3 times a day for 15-20 minutes before eating.