Useful and therapeutic properties of smartweed ( water pepper )

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

family buckwheat - Polygonaceae

generic name - see Highlander snake..Species definition is translated from Latin means "pepper water" as water-loving plant and has a peppery taste.

Botanical description.Annual herbaceous plant with pungent taste, unlike other plants related to him.Stem erect, in height 20-50 (70) cm, fistular (extended in knots), and during the formation of blushing fruit.He often takes root from the bottom due to the formation of fine adventitious roots.The leaves are alternate, pro-dolgovato-lanceolate or lanceolate, with uzkoklinovidnym base.Bells naked, early reddening around the edge with short cilia.The flowers are small with greenish perianth pink, gathered in a slightly drooping, thin, thread-like, intermittent spicate brush.Fruits - black triangular nuts.

Flowering from late July until September.The fruits ripen in August - October.

Geographical distribution.It grows in marshy meadows, moist banks of rivers, along the drainage channels.As a weed found in the fields at irrig

ation in the villages along the streets unpaved.Widely distributed throughout the European part of Russia, Siberia and the Caucasus.In Central Asia and Kazakhstan grows mainly in mountainous areas.The main areas of blanks - Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Voronezh and Sverdlovsk regions, Krasnodar and Stavropol Territory of the RSFSR.

collection and drying.Gather the herb during flowering, cutting off the leafy parts of plants flowering sickle or a knife, leaving the lower part of the coarse stems.In this part of the plant is left to seed reproduction.Gather herbs before drying, sorting, removing stems with leaves yellowed and foreign plants.

dried in the shade, laying a thin layer on attics, in a well-ventilated areas, under

eaves or in the dryer at a temperature of 40-50 °.

medicinal raw materials.Herba Polygoni hydropipe-ris - grass water pepper with green, sometimes reddish leafy stems with flowers and fruits in different stages of maturity of up to 45 cm The leaves are about 3-6 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm wide..Bells red-brown, naked on the edge.Brushes flowers 4-6 cm in length.On the bracts under the magnifying glass found a slightly rising shiny brownish glands.The smell is not present;peppery taste disappears during drying and becomes grassy.

Art.GF 326 X admits a moisture no more than 14%;Ash not more than 8%;grass, lost its normal color (with browned, blackened, yellowed leaves and stems), not more than 2%;smartweed crushed pieces, including the remaining leaves, flowers and fruits of more than 10%;orgzvicheskoy impurities not more than 3%, mineral - not more than 0.5%.

extractives extracted with 70% alcohol, should be at least 17%.

Organic contaminants are parts of other non-poisonous plants, and other related species Polygonum.Easily recognized by the Highlanders with a dense cylindrical terete inflorescence: Persicaria maculosa, which leaves a single dark spot, disappearing on drying (dry raw material is often faint, but discernible), perianth without irons pink and mountaineer grungy same inflorescence of almostwhite flowers with yellow glands.Leaves often spot bare bottom, with numerous dots (glands), which are visible to the naked eye, or pubescent (young leaves are hairs that fall off later).In the latter case, the hairs are masked glands.

more similar to water pepper mountaineers with a thin inflorescence, but they do not have irons in the bracts and bells they dlinnoresnitchatye and pubescent.This small knotweed i.gorets soft.

In all cases of doubt, resort to microscopy.In smartweed (water pepper) in the leaves have containers with resinous substances, which determine its peppery taste.When drying raw resinous substances are oxidized, causing pungency is lost, but are oxidized and detected under a microscope.All other mountaineers resinous receptacles are not in the leaves.

chemical composition.Grass water pepper contains flavonoids: rutin, quercetin, kvertsitrin, giperozid, ramnetin, izoramnetin and kaempferol.Furthermore, there poligopiperin glycoside, vitamin C, K, E, carotene, p-sitosterol, tannins, organic acids, trace essential oil, resinous substance, macro and micronutrients, including manganese, magnesium, titanium, silver, etc..

action and application.The grass of water pepper, especially fresh, has a hemostatic effect.In addition, a liquid extract of pepper water enhances uterine musculature, but inferior to ergot in activity.

Used in heavy and prolonged menstruation, uterine bleeding, hemorrhoids, at least for stomach and intestinal bleeding.Assign an infusion of raw materials in '20 by 200 ml of water and 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day;liquid extract - 30-40 drops 2-3 times daily.